SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms: Prefixes from Latin

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the word in question.

Revival

Possible Answers:

Possibility

Province

Recovery

Death

Monument

Correct answer:

Recovery

Explanation:

"Revival" means Recovery; Death means the end of one's life; Monument is usually a figure or symbol that represents something or someone; Province is a territory usually part of a larger state or country; and Possibility is a potential outcome.

Example Question #2 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

UNREST

Possible Answers:

Turmoil

Enjoyment

Democracy

Peace

Calmness

Correct answer:

Turmoil

Explanation:

"Unrest" means turmoil. "Peace" and "calmness" are antonyms of "unrest" and mean tranquiity. "Enjoyment" means pleasure or amusement. "Democracy" is a representative government.

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Prefixes

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

PREAMBLE

Possible Answers:

Tome

Finale

Introduction 

Conclusion

Index

Correct answer:

Introduction 

Explanation:

A "preamble" is an introduction that appears before the main body of work, so "introduction" is the correct answer. For clarification, "finale" and "conclusion" each mean an ending, a "tome" is a long and ponderous book, and an "index" is a list of subjects that appear at the end of a book and the numbers of pages on which one can read about them in that book.

Example Question #4 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

RETROSPECT

Possible Answers:

Optimism 

Exuberant

Hindsight 

Prosperous 

Evanescent

Correct answer:

Hindsight 

Explanation:

"Retrospect" means recollection, remembering past events, hindsight. You might be able to infer this meaning from the word's roots; "retro-" means backwards, as in the word "retroactive" (applying to a span of time in the past) and "spect" means look or see, as in the word "spectacles" (glasses). So, "hindsight" is the correct answer. For clarification, "optimism" is a positive feeling about future events, "prosperous" means wealthy or successful, "exuberant" means lively, and "evanescent" means fleeting.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms: Prefixes

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

PRESCIENCE

Possible Answers:

Foreknowledge

Unpredictability

Shortsightedness

Myopia

Improvidence

Correct answer:

Foreknowledge

Explanation:

"Prescience" means foresight or the ability to know about something before it has actually happened. "Shortsightedness" and "myopia" are synonyms, so we can eliminate those. "Improvidence" means poor planning for the future, and "unpredictability" the quality of not being able to be foreseen. "Foreknowledge," which means foresight or knowledge of something before it happens, is the only choice that works.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms: Prefixes

Select the word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

IMPARTIAL

Possible Answers:

Unbiased 

Bashful 

Controlling 

Harangue

Demanding 

Correct answer:

Unbiased 

Explanation:

"Impartial" information is unbiased and uncorrupted by personal intervention. For clarification, someone who is "bashful" is easily embarrassed; "harangue" means berate or criticize.

Example Question #7 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

UNAWARE

Possible Answers:

Unknowing

Complete

Informed

Precise

Obvious

Correct answer:

Unknowing

Explanation:

"Unaware" means unknowing. "Informed" means knowing, so it cannot be the correct answer, because it is an antonym, not a synonym, of "unaware." None of the other answers are close in meaning to "unaware": "obvious" means overt or palpable; "complete" means lacking nothing necessary; and "precise" means exact

Example Question #3 : Synonyms: Prefixes

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

UNCERTAIN

Possible Answers:

Conclusive

Frequent

Unknown

Idiotic

Bright

Correct answer:

Unknown

Explanation:

"Uncertain" means not known with certainty, so "unknown," an adjective that means not known, is the correct answer. "Conclusive" is an antonym of "uncertain"; it means definite or indisputable. None of the answer choices have a meaning related to that of "uncertain": "bright" means shining or emiting lots of light; "idiotic" means stupid or foolish; and "frequent" means occuring often or repeated.

Example Question #9 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

UNCERTAIN

Possible Answers:

Frequent

Unsure

Complex

Profitable

Secretive

Correct answer:

Unsure

Explanation:

"Uncertain" means unknown or unsure, so "unsure" is the correct answer. None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "uncertain": "complex" means complicated or having many different parts; "frequent" means occurring repeatedly in a relatively short amount of time; "profitable" means lucrative or capable of making a lot of money; and "secretive" means hidden or concealed.

Example Question #10 : Synonyms: Prefixes From Latin

A synonym of “indispensable” is __________.

Possible Answers:

essential

frightening

meticulous

superfluous

partial

Correct answer:

essential

Explanation:

The word “indispensable” consists of the negative prefix “in-,” which means “not,” and the word “dispensable,” so we can infer that it means “not dispensable.” That inference would be correct, as “indispensable” is an adjective that means “absolutely necessary,” so we need to pick out a word that means something like “necessary.” “Superfluous,” then, cannot be the correct answer, because “superfluous” means “unnecessary, especially through being more than enough,” making it an antonym, not a synonym, of “indispensable.” “Essential,” however, is an adjective that means “absolutely necessary; extremely important,” and because “essential” is the answer choice closest in meaning to “indispensable,” “essential” is the correct answer.

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