SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Suffixes from Latin

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #21 : Suffixes From Latin

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Fish is to gills as squirrel is to __________.

Possible Answers:

fur

tail

acorn

lungs

ears

Correct answer:

lungs

Explanation:

A fish uses its gills to breathe, so to solve this analogy, you need to pick out a word that describes what part of its body a squirrel uses to breathe. The correct answer is "lungs." None of the other answer choices describe the body part that a squirrel uses to breathe.

Example Question #22 : Suffixes From Latin

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Agriculture is to farming as horticulture is to __________

Possible Answers:

Gardening

Physics

Religion

Ecosystem

Culture

Correct answer:

Gardening

Explanation:

The root "agr­-" means having to do with farming or rural life, so it makes sense that "agriculture" and "farming" are synonyms. To solve this analogy, you need to pick out the answer choice that is a synonym of "horticulture." "Horticulture" is derived from the Latin "hortus," meaning garden, and is a synonym of "gardening." So, "gardening" is the correct answer.

Example Question #87 : Analogies

Analogies: Fill in the blank(s) to complete this analogy. 

Marriage is to divorce as contract is to __________.

Possible Answers:

slander

accord

litigation

termination

anniversary

Correct answer:

termination

Explanation:

"Marriage" is an institution that is ended by "divorce." To solve this analogy, you have to determine which of these words describes the ending of a "contract." A "contract" is a binding agreement between two parties. When a "contract" is ended, it is said to be "terminated." It may have helped you arrive at this answer if you considered that the prefix "term-" means boundary, ending. To provide further, help, an "accord" is an agreement; "litigation" is the process of suing someone; an "anniversary" is a yearly rememberance of a specific event on a specific date, such as a birthday; "slander" is the act of writing untruthful statements about someone with the intent of negatively affecting their reputation

Example Question #88 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Terrestrial is to earth as celestial is to __________.

Possible Answers:

outer space

caverns

mountains

seas

forests

Correct answer:

outer space

Explanation:

“Terrestrial” is an adjective that means having to do with the earth, so we need to pick out a noun that conveys what the adjective “celestial” refers to. “Celestial” means having to do with sky, heaven, or outer space, so while all of the answer choices describe places or land features, “celestial” refers to something that has to do with "outer space" just as “terrestrial” refers to something that has to do with the earth. So, “outer space” is the correct answer.

Example Question #21 : Suffixes From Latin

Complete this analogy.

Octopus is to eight as centipede is to __________.

Possible Answers:

one thousand 

ten 

twenty 

one million 

one hundred

Correct answer:

one hundred

Explanation:

An octopus has eight legs, as you might be able to infer because the word "octopus" contains the prefix "octo-" at the beginning of the word. "Octo-" means eight, and appears in other words like "octagon" (an eight-sided shape). To solve this analogy, if you don't know how many legs a centipede has, you can still arrive at the correct answer by using the prefix "cent-" as a clue to infer this information. "Cent-" means one hundred and appears in other words like "centimeter" (a unit of measurement that is one-hundredth of a meter) and "century" (a span of time of one hundred consecutive years).

Example Question #31 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Complete this analogy.

Nonagon is to nine as octagon is to __________.

Possible Answers:

one hundred 

one thousand 

eight 

five 

ten 

Correct answer:

eight 

Explanation:

A nine-sided shape is called a "nonagon," and an eight-sided shape is called an "octagon." The prefix "non-" suggests that the word will have to do with the number nine. Likewise, the prefix "oct-" suggests that the word will have to do with the number eight. (For an example of this, just think of how an "octopus" has eight legs!)

Example Question #32 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Complete this analogy.

Tertiary is to third as quaternary is to __________.

Possible Answers:

first

fifth

last

fourth

second

Correct answer:

fourth

Explanation:

“Tertiary” is an adjective that means third, so we need to pick out an answer choice that is synonymous with “quaternary.” While all of the answer choices might look like potentially correct answers, “quaternary” is an adjective that means fourth, so “fourth” is the correct answer. You can also use prefixes as context clues to help you solve this quesiton: "tertius" is Latin for third and has influenced the prefix "tri-," while "quattuor" is Latin for fourth and has influenced English words like "quad" and "quarter."

Example Question #33 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Complete this analogy.

Microeconomics is to small as macroeconomics is to __________.

Possible Answers:

finance

academics

business

large

smaller

Correct answer:

large

Explanation:

"Microeconomics" is the study of economics on a small scale, and "macroeconomics" is the study of economics on a large scale, so the correct answer is “large.” To solve this analogy, it is important to be aware of the meaning of the prefixes "micro-" and "macro-". ­"Micro-" means small and "macro-" means big.

Example Question #34 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Complete this analogy.

Triangle is to three as pentagon is to __________.

Possible Answers:

triple 

shape 

five 

six 

four 

Correct answer:

five 

Explanation:

A triangle is a three-sided shape, which you can infer because the prefix "tri-" means three. So, to solve this analogy, you have to determine how many sides a pentagon has. The prefix "penta-" means five, so the correct answer is “five.”

Example Question #35 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Complete this analogy.

Terrestrial is to earth as celestial is to __________

Possible Answers:

atmosphere 

space 

ocean 

hell

city 

Correct answer:

space 

Explanation:

The prefix ­"terra-" means related to the Earth and the prefix "celes-" means related to heaven, the sky, or outer space. As “terrestrial” is to Earth, so “celestial” is to space, so "space" is the correct answer. For clarification, “terrestrial” means of this Earth or observed on this Earth, and “celestial” means of space or observed in space or the heavens.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors