SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Qualities, Features, Abilities, and Other Analogies

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #21 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

Winter is to frigid as summer is to __________.

Possible Answers:

whet 

glacial 

stifling 

cold 

frosty 

Correct answer:

stifling 

Explanation:

"Frigid" means very cold and describes temperatures common during "winter." To solve this analogy, you have to determine which of the answer choices describes temperatures common during summer. The correct answer is “stifling,” which means hot and restrictive. For clarification, "whet" means sharpen or stimulate, and "glacial," "frosty," and "cold" are all synonyms of "frigid" and antonyms of "stifling."

Example Question #22 : Qualities And Features

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Fearless is to dread as guileless is to __________

Possible Answers:

happiness 

cunning 

temerity 

eloquence 

fortitude 

Correct answer:

cunning 

Explanation:

“Dread” means fear, and the suffix "-less"­ means without or not having, so someone who is “fearless” is brave and does not dread anything. To solve this analogy, you have to determine which of the answer choices is a characteristic least likely to be found in someone who is “guileless.” “Guile” means cunning, so someone who is “guileless” has no cunning, and "cunning" is the correct answer. None of the other answer choices make sense in the blank: “eloquence” is the ability to speak clearly and intelligently; “temerity” is nerve or audacity; and “fortitude” means strength or perseverance.

Example Question #607 : Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Color is to colorblind as melody is to __________.

Possible Answers:

tone-deaf

silent

musical

agile

limping

Correct answer:

tone-deaf

Explanation:

Someone who is colorblind cannot perceive color, so we need to pick out an answer that describes someone who cannot perceive “melody,” which means either a simple piece of music formed out of a series of notes. “Tone-deaf” is an adjective that is used of a person and means unable to differentiate different musical pitches, so, just as someone who cannot perceive color is colorblind, someone who cannot perceive melody is tone-deaf, making “tone-deaf” the correct answer.

Example Question #22 : Qualities And Features

Complete this analogy.

Caution is to wary as __________.

Possible Answers:

ambition is to lazy

disinterest is to obsessed

anger is to pacified

cleverness is to sagacious

slip is to fall

Correct answer:

cleverness is to sagacious

Explanation:

“Wary” is an adjective that means cautious and on the lookout for danger, so someone is wary if they demonstrate caution. That means that we need to pick out an answer choice in which the first word is a noun conveying a quality, and the second word an adjective describing someone who demonstrates that quality. While “cleverness is to sagacious,” “anger is to pacified,” and “disinterest is to obsessed” may all look like potentially correct answers, “pacify” is a verb that means make less angry, so someone who is pacified is no longer angry, meaning that “anger is to pacified” cannot be the correct answer. Similarly, “obsess” is a verb that means preoccupy, so someone that is obsessed with something is not demonstrating disinterest in that thing, and “disinterest is to obsessed” cannot be the correct answer either. However, someone who is "sagacious" (shrewd) demonstrates cleverness, just as someone who is wary demonstrates caution, so “cleverness is to sagacious” is the correct answer.

Example Question #611 : Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Famine is to food as drought is to __________.

Possible Answers:

river

desert

shelter

water

disaster

Correct answer:

water

Explanation:

Since a famine is a type of disaster in which there is a lack of food, we need to pick out the item there is a lack of in a drought. While "water" and "shelter" both look like potentially correct answers because a lack of either of them would be disastrous, a drought is specifically a lack of water, so "water" is the correct answer.

Example Question #22 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Tome is to long as snippet is to __________.

Possible Answers:

Brief 

Successful

Worse 

Better 

Longer 

Correct answer:

Brief 

Explanation:

A "tome" is a long and ponderous book. A characteristic of a tome is to be long, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine which of the answer choices is characteristic of a snippet. A "snippet" is a terse presentation of information, and "terse" means short or brief, so "brief" is the correct answer.

Example Question #23 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Laudatory is to praise as deplorable is to _________.

Possible Answers:

hatred 

affection

attachment 

envy 

jealousy 

Correct answer:

hatred 

Explanation:

"Laudatory" means deserving of praise, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine which of these answer choices is similarly related to the word "deplorable." "Deplorable" means deserving of hatred, so "hatred" is the correct answer. For clarification, "envy" and "jealousy" are synonyms, "attachment" means physical point of connection or closeness with someone or something else, and "affection" means emotional warmth.

Example Question #26 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Jungle is to humid as desert is to __________.

Possible Answers:

hot 

barren

sandy

arid

oasis

Correct answer:

arid

Explanation:

“Humid” is an adjective that means having a lot of moisture in the air. We’re looking for an adjective that describes “desert” in terms of moisture, the way that “humid” describes “jungle.” While “sandy,” “hot,” and “barren” are all characteristics of the desert, none of these words are related to moisture. “Oasis” is a noun that means an area of the desert where water is found. Although it's related to moisture, “oasis” is a noun and we’re looking for an adjective. “Arid” is an adjective that means having little rain or water

Of the answer choices, “arid” is the best choice.

Example Question #24 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Analogies: Complete this analogy. 

Priest is to religious as musician is to __________.

Possible Answers:

judicious 

unkind 

eloquent 

assuming 

artistic 

Correct answer:

artistic 

Explanation:

A characteristic of a priest is to be religious, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine which of these answer choices is a common characteristic of a musician. The correct answer is “artistic,” because musicians are generally artistic. For clarification, someone who is "eloquent" is well-spoken, and someone who is "judicious" is fair.

Example Question #30 : Qualities And Features

Complete this analogy.

Telegraph is to obsolete as fridge is to __________.

Possible Answers:

extroverted

introspective

miraculous

commonplace

stifling

Correct answer:

commonplace

Explanation:

"Obsolete" means no longer in use, 'out of date.' It is a quality of the "telegraph" to be "obsolete" because it is no longer in use. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these words describes a quality of a "fridge." The correct answer is "commonplace" which means ordinary, normal, found everywhere. Additionally, "stifling" means uncomfortable hot, oppressive; "miraculous" means occurring as a result of a miracle, caused by divine power; "introspective" means prone to looking inwardly at one's own personality, thoughtful about oneself; "extroverted" means confident, outgoing, stimulated by social activity.

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