SSAT Elementary Level Verbal : SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Object is to disagree as trick is to __________.

Possible Answers:

deceive

surprise

agree

refuse

question

Correct answer:

deceive

Explanation:

The word "object" has two different meanings: it can mean thing or item when used as a noun, or it can mean be against or disagree with when used as a verb. "Object" and "disagree" are synonyms because they mean the same thing, so to solve this analogy, you need to pick out the answer choice that is a synonym of "trick." "Trick" can be used as a noun ("a trick") or as a verb ("to trick"), but because all of the answer choices are verbs, we will need to pick out a verb that means the same thing as "to trick." While someone may be surprised to learn that they have been tricked, "trick" does not mean the same thing as "surprise," so "surprise" cannot be the correct answer. To "trick" someone means to mislead or deceive that person, so "deceive" is the correct answer!

Example Question #12 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Mean is to average as __________.

Possible Answers:

canine is to dog

percentage is to decimal 

multiplication is to division 

addition is to sum

sum is to difference

Correct answer:

canine is to dog

Explanation:

"Mean" is another word for "average." Both words mean the same thing. Therefore, the correct answer will be an answer choice in which the two words also mean the same thing. "Canine" means the same thing as "dog." Therefore, that is the correct answer.

Example Question #1 : Distinguishing Part Of Speech

Complete this analogy.

Pound is to dog as __________.

Possible Answers:

sidewalk is to puppy

bank is to money

freedom is prisoner

kilogram is to cat

animal is to wilderness

Correct answer:

bank is to money

Explanation:

While the word "pound" has multiple meanings; here, it refers to an animal shelter. Thus, the relationship between the words in this example is such that a pound is a place where one can find a dog. The correct answer choice parallels this relationship: "bank is to money." A bank is a place where one can find money. 

A tempting wrong answer is "animal is to wilderness." This is incorrect because an animal is not a place where one can find "wilderness."

Example Question #64 : Ssat Elementary Level Verbal

Complete this analogy.

Score is to game as __________.

Possible Answers:

soccer is to goal

tray is to carry

popcorn is to snack

grade is to class

cheer is to happiness

Correct answer:

grade is to class

Explanation:

This analogy relates a word used to evaluate performance in an activity to a word referring to the specific activity. Someone's "score" is used to evaluate his or her performance in a "game," just as someone's "grade" is used to evaluate his or her performance in a "class." Therefore "grade is to class" is the correct answer. "Soccer is to goal" may look like a potentially correct answer, because the way you score in soccer is by scoring goals, but the word used to evaluate performance in an activity ("goal") is listed second, not first, so this cannot be the correct answer.

Example Question #12 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Sail is to boat as drive is to __________.

Possible Answers:

Car

River 

Road 

Water 

Fly 

Correct answer:

Car

Explanation:

"Sail" can be used as either a noun or a verb, so we need to figure out in which word form it is being used. As a noun, "sail" means a part of a boat which catches the wind and propels the boat through the water. However, "drive" is a verb, not a noun, so it cannot represent a part of any of the answer choices. So, "sail" must be being used as a verb that means to travel in a boat. When you sail, you travel by boat. So, to solve this analogy, you have to figure out what vehicle you use when you go driving. The answer is a “car.”

Example Question #1 : Part/Whole, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete this analogy.

Hail is to rain as spring is to __________.

Possible Answers:

None of the other answer choices

flowers

snow

fall

thunder

Correct answer:

fall

Explanation:

Hail and rain are both weather related, while spring and fall relate to our seasons.  

Example Question #1 : Part To Part

Complete this analogy.

Side is to front as __________.

Possible Answers:

bold is to shy

top is to bottom

engine is to stern

deck is to chair

sad is to happy

Correct answer:

top is to bottom

Explanation:

"Front" and "side" are alternate sides of an object, just as "top" and "bottom" are.

Example Question #1 : Part To Part

Complete this analogy.

Hoof is to mane as __________.

Possible Answers:

dairy is to cows

horse is to saddle

whiskers are to paws

wings are to fly

ear is to hear

Correct answer:

whiskers are to paws

Explanation:

In this question, "hoof" and "mane" are both parts of a horse's body, so to solve the analogy, we need to pick out the answer choice which lists two nouns that are both part of a given animal's body. While "horse is to saddle" and "whiskers are to paws" may each look like potentially correct answers, saddles are put on horses so that people can more easily ride them; a saddle is not naturally part of a horse. "Whiskers" and "paws" are both parts of the bodies of various animals like cats and foxes just like hooves and manes are parts of horses' bodies, so "whiskers are to paws" is the correct answer.

Example Question #3 : Part/Whole, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete this analogy.

Leaf is to flower as beak is to __________.

Possible Answers:

fish

teeth

feathers

horns

flying

Correct answer:

feathers

Explanation:

A leaf and flower are both parts of a plant. A beak is a part of a bird, therefore the answer must be another part of a bird. "Feathers" is the only possible option.

Example Question #2 : Part/Whole, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete the analogy.

Shirt is to shorts as _____________.

Possible Answers:

hat is to outfit

tomato is to fruit

sweater is to pants

running is to shoes

sunshine is to sunglasses 

Correct answer:

sweater is to pants

Explanation:

To complete the analogy, you first need to determine the relationship between the initial pairing. A "shirt" and "shorts" are both parts of an outfit. Therefore the answer must be in the form of "'part' is to 'part,'" where both parts are part of the same whole. A "sweater" and "pants" are also both parts of an outfit, so that must be the correct answer.

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