SSAT Elementary Level Verbal : SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #41 : Ssat Elementary Level Verbal

Canoe is to paddle as __________.

Possible Answers:

bicycle is to pedal

coin is to penny

knit is to scarf

push is to box

dog is to collar

Correct answer:

bicycle is to pedal

Explanation:

“Canoe,” when used as a noun, means “a small boat with pointed ends, propelled by paddles.” So, one uses a paddle to propel a canoe and make it move, and that means that we need to pick out an answer choice in which the first word is a form of transportation and the second word describing how one powers or propels that form of transportation and get it to move. While “bicycle is to pedal” and “push is to box” might each look like a potentially correct answer, one does not “box” a “push,” but might push a box, so the answer’s words are in the incorrect order relative to the example. Also, a box is not a form of transportation. For these two reasons, “push is to box” cannot be the correct answer. One does pedal a bicycle to propel it, however, just as one paddles a canoe to propel it, so “bicycle is to pedal” is the correct answer.

Example Question #41 : Ssat Elementary Level Verbal

Mirror is to reflect as __________.

Possible Answers:

smart is to intelligent

radio is to music

light bulb is to illuminate

lightning is to thunder

alarm is to robbery

Correct answer:

light bulb is to illuminate

Explanation:

“Mirror,” when used as a noun, means “a reflective surface of glass or metal.” So, a mirror reflects things, and we need to pick out an answer choice in which the first word is a noun and the second word a verb that describes what that noun does. “Light bulb is to illuminate” and “radio is to music” might each look like a potentially correct answer, but a radio does not “music,” it plays music. Because “music” is a noun and not a verb, “radio is to music” cannot be the correct answer. However, a light bulb does “illuminate” (“light up”) things, just as a mirror reflects things, so “light bulb is to illuminate” is the correct answer.

Example Question #43 : Ssat Elementary Level Verbal

Orchestra is to violin as __________.

Possible Answers:

handle is to shopping cart

believable is to suspicious

sugar cookie is to sugar

mouse is to cheese

trap is to escape

Correct answer:

sugar cookie is to sugar

Explanation:

“Orchestra” is a noun defined as “ a group of instrumentalists that plays classical music.” So, a violin could logically be part of an orchestra, and we need to pick out an answer choice in which the first word is a noun and the second word another noun that could be reasonably expected to be part of the first noun. While “sugar cookie is to sugar” and “handle is to shopping cart” might each look like a potentially correct answer, a shopping cart is not part of a handle, so that answer choice’s words are in the incorrect order relative to the example and “handle is to shopping cart” cannot be the correct answer. One could reasonably expect sugar to be part of a sugar cookie, however, just as one could reasonably expect a violin to be part of an orchestra, so “sugar cookie is to sugar” is the correct answer.

Example Question #41 : Ssat Elementary Level Verbal

Breakfast is to morning as lunch is to __________.

Possible Answers:

night

dinner

afternoon

sunrise

midnight

Correct answer:

afternoon

Explanation:

“Breakfast” is defined as “a meal eaten in the morning,” so we need to pick out the time of day during which one typically eats lunch. While “afternoon,” “night,” “midnight,” and “sunrise” might each look like a potentially correct answer because each refers to a time of day; however, “lunch” is defined as “a meal eaten in the middle of the day,” so “afternoon” is the correct answer.

Example Question #42 : Ssat Elementary Level Verbal

Seed is to grow as bud is to __________.

Possible Answers:

bloom

root

friend

shine

wilt

Correct answer:

bloom

Explanation:

Seeds grow into plants as they mature, so we need to pick out a verb that describes what buds do as they mature. “Bud,” when used as a noun, means “a growth on a plant that develops into a leaf, flower, or shoot.” So, because buds grow into flowers, either “bloom” or “wilt” might look like a potentially correct answer. “Wilt,” however, cannot be the correct answer, because “wilt” refers to a plant, leaf, or flower and means “become limp or droop.” “Bloom,” however, when used as a verb, means “produce flowers; be in flower,” and because a bud blooms just as a seed grows, “bloom” is the correct answer.

Example Question #44 : Ssat Elementary Level Verbal

Fly is to kite as __________.

Possible Answers:

pencil is to draw

pillow is to bed

egg is to omelette

kick is to ball

sunrise is to sunset

Correct answer:

kick is to ball

Explanation:

“Kite” is a noun that can mean “a toy consisting of a light frame with thin material stretched over it, flown in the wind.” So, one plays with a kite by flying it. That means that we need to pick out an answer choice in which the first word is a verb that describes how one uses or plays with the second word, a noun. While “kick is to ball” and “pencil is to draw” might each look like a potentially correct answer, “pencil is to draw” cannot be the correct answer because one does not “pencil” to play with or use a “draw;” the words in “pencil is to draw” are in the incorrect order relative to the example, so it cannot be the correct answer. One might kick a ball to play with it, though, just as one flies a kite to play with it, so “kick is to ball” is the correct answer.

Example Question #43 : Ssat Elementary Level Verbal

Lion is to cat as __________.

Possible Answers:

furniture is to stool

image is to screen

box is to container

dance is to sing

bird is to wings

Correct answer:

box is to container

Explanation:

A lion is a type of cat, so we need to pick out an answer choice in which the first word is a type or kind of the second word. While “box is to container” and “furniture is to stool” might each look like a potentially correct answer, a “furniture” is not a type of “stool,” so “furniture is to stool” cannot be the correct answer because its words are in the incorrect order relative to the example. A box is a type of container, however, just as a lion is a type of cat, so “box is to container” is the correct answer.

Example Question #44 : Ssat Elementary Level Verbal

Lantern is to flame as light bulb is to __________.

Possible Answers:

power outage

darkness

flicker

electricity

glass

Correct answer:

electricity

Explanation:

A “lantern” is defined as “ a lamp with a transparent case.” So, a flame might produce the light in a lantern, and we need to pick out an answer choice that describes what might produce the light in a light bulb. While “electricity” and “glass” might each look like a potentially correct answer, “glass” cannot be the correct answer because while light bulbs are made of glass, the glass does not produce the light a light bulb gives off. Electricity, however, produces the light a light bulb gives off, just like a flame might produce the light a lantern gives off, so “electricity” is the correct answer.

Example Question #45 : Ssat Elementary Level Verbal

Wrinkle is to smooth as hole is to __________.

Possible Answers:

rip

tear

patch

maneuver

discard

Correct answer:

patch

Explanation:

Because “hole” is a noun, we will need to consider “wrinkle” as a noun, and because all of the answer choices can be used as verbs, we will need to consider “smooth” as a verb. As a verb, “smooth” means “give something a flat, regular surface,” so one would fix something that had a wrinkle by smoothing it. So, we need to pick out an answer choice that describes what one would do to fix something that had a hole in it. While “patch,” “rip,” and “tear” might each look like a potentially correct answer, ripping or tearing a hole would make the hole worse, not repair it, so neither “rip” nor “tear” can be the correct answer. “Patch,” however, when used as a verb, means “mend or strengthen fabric by putting a piece of material over a hole in it,” and because one might patch something that has a hole just as one might smooth something that has a wrinkle, “patch” is the correct answer.

Example Question #1 : Analogies

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Policing is to precinct as banking is to  __________.

Possible Answers:

Branch 

Office 

Headquarters

Hotel

Building 

Correct answer:

Branch 

Explanation:

A “police” “precinct” is where the police are located and where they deal with members of the public. Similarly in “banking” the place where a bank locally deals with customers is called a branch. Your local bank is your “branch.” There you will find the offices of the local bank manager. The banks “headquarters” are where all of the branches refer to and are at the centre of the branches.

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