SSAT Elementary Level Verbal : SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1551 : Ssat Elementary Level Verbal

Complete this analogy.

Uncommon is to rare as __________.

Possible Answers:

ungrateful is to appreciative

under is to over

underhanded is to deliberate

unplanned is to spontaneous

undiscovered is to bleak

Correct answer:

unplanned is to spontaneous

Explanation:

Here, the prefix "un-" applied to the word "common" results in the word "uncommon," which means the opposite of common. Something that is uncommon is therefore "rare." 

Given that "uncommon" and "rare" mean the same thing, the correct answer choice will be one in which the two words also mean the same thing. Something that is "spontaneous" is not planned. Therefore, the answer choice "unplanned is to spontaneous" is the correct answer.

Example Question #52 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Complete this analogy.

Telephone is to call as telescope is to __________

Possible Answers:

Imagine 

Hear

See

Taste

Answer 

Correct answer:

See

Explanation:

The prefix “tele-“ means over a long distance, so a “telephone” is a device that you use to call over a long distance and a “telescope” is a device that you used to see over a long distance. Notice how the root “phone” means having to do with a device that relates to sound, as in “megaphone” or “gramophone,” and the root “scope” means having to do with a device that relates to seeing, as in “microscope” or “periscope.”

Example Question #34 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Prefixes

Complete this analogy.

Unpleasant is to nice as dishonest is to __________.

Possible Answers:

dangerous

rested

serene

truthful

terrifying

Correct answer:

truthful

Explanation:

To solve this analogy, you have to understand the meaning of the prefixes "un-" and "dis-." Both prefixes are used to negate the meaning of a word. They take the original meaning and make it the opposite, so "unpleasant" means not pleasant. "Nice" is the opposite of "unpleasant," so to solve this analogy, you need to find the opposite of "dishonest." "Dishonest" means not honest, so the correct answer must mean something like "honest." The correct answer is therefore "truthful." To provide further help, "terrifying" means scary, and "serene" means peaceful.

Example Question #1554 : Ssat Elementary Level Verbal

Complete this analogy.

Disconnected is to separated as unfulfilled is to __________.

Possible Answers:

misplaced

misunderstood

dissatisfied

understood

satisfied

Correct answer:

dissatisfied

Explanation:

This analogy requires you to use your knowledge of negating prefixes. "Un-" and "dis-" both mean not; they each take the meaning of the original word and make it mean the opposite. So "disconnected" means not connected. "Separated" is very similar to this meaning, so to solve this analogy, you have to find a word that is similar in meaning to "unfulfilled." "Unfulfilled" means not fulfilled or not satisfied, so the correct answer is "dissatisfied." To provide further help, "misplaced" means lost, "misunderstood" means incorrectly understood, and "satisfied" means happy with something.

Example Question #53 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Loyal is to disloyal as dull is to __________.

Possible Answers:

mundane 

exciting 

boring 

guilty

tired

Correct answer:

exciting 

Explanation:

"Loyal" is an antonym of "disloyal," so you need to pick out an answer choice that is an opposite of "dull." "Dull" can mean either boring or not sharp, so "exciting" is the correct answer, because "exciting" is an opposite of "boring." To help you, "munificent" means generous; and "guilty" means feeling bad about something bad that you did.

Example Question #1556 : Ssat Elementary Level Verbal

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

After is to postpone as before is to __________.

Possible Answers:

permit

prevent

reply

remember

determine

Correct answer:

prevent

Explanation:

To solve this analogy you have to rely on you understanding of prefixes. The prefix post- means after, so to "postpone" something is to delay something to be done later. To solve this analogy then you have to determine which one of these words is something that you do "before" something else. The prefix pre- means before, so the correct answer is "prevent." "Prevent" means to stop something from happening before it happens. To provide further help, "permit" means to allow; "determine" means to figure out.

Example Question #54 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Analogies: Complete this analogy. 

Psychology is to mind as astronomy is to __________.

Possible Answers:

ocean

city

star

jungle

technology 

Correct answer:

star

Explanation:

To solve this analogy you are going to need to rely on your understanding of prefixes. The prefix psych- means mindto do with the human mind. So, "psychology" is the study of the mind. To solve this analogy then you have to determine what "astronomy" is, to do this you need to use the prefix astro-, which means star, or space. "Astronomy" is the study of stars and outer space.

Example Question #55 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Complete this analogy.

Octagon is to eight as triangle is to __________.

Possible Answers:

square

shape

three

four

nine

Correct answer:

three

Explanation:

The prefix oct- means eight, so an "octagon" is a shape with eight sides. To solve this analogy you need to consider the meaning of the prefix tri-. It means three. So, a "triangle" is a shape with three sides.

Example Question #1 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Roots

Analogies: Complete this analogy. 

Starving is to food as dehydrated is to __________.

Possible Answers:

water

exercise

rest

run

air

Correct answer:

water

Explanation:

To be "starving" means to be very hungry, to need food. So, if you are "starving" you need food. To solve this analogy you need to determine what it is that you need when you are "dehydrated." To do this it helps to consider the roots of the word "dehydrated." -hydra- means water. To be "dehydrated" means to be very thirsty, to need water

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