SSAT Elementary Level Verbal : Part to Part

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Hail is to rain as spring is to __________.

Possible Answers:

fall

thunder

flowers

None of the other answer choices

snow

Correct answer:

fall

Explanation:

Hail and rain are both weather related, while spring and fall relate to our seasons.  

Example Question #1 : Part To Part

Complete this analogy.

Side is to front as __________.

Possible Answers:

engine is to stern

deck is to chair

top is to bottom

bold is to shy

sad is to happy

Correct answer:

top is to bottom

Explanation:

"Front" and "side" are alternate sides of an object, just as "top" and "bottom" are.

Example Question #3 : Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Hoof is to mane as __________.

Possible Answers:

ear is to hear

horse is to saddle

whiskers are to paws

dairy is to cows

wings are to fly

Correct answer:

whiskers are to paws

Explanation:

In this question, "hoof" and "mane" are both parts of a horse's body, so to solve the analogy, we need to pick out the answer choice which lists two nouns that are both part of a given animal's body. While "horse is to saddle" and "whiskers are to paws" may each look like potentially correct answers, saddles are put on horses so that people can more easily ride them; a saddle is not naturally part of a horse. "Whiskers" and "paws" are both parts of the bodies of various animals like cats and foxes just like hooves and manes are parts of horses' bodies, so "whiskers are to paws" is the correct answer.

Example Question #4 : Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Leaf is to flower as beak is to __________.

Possible Answers:

flying

feathers

horns

teeth

fish

Correct answer:

feathers

Explanation:

A leaf and flower are both parts of a plant. A beak is a part of a bird, therefore the answer must be another part of a bird. "Feathers" is the only possible option.

Example Question #5 : Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete the analogy.

Shirt is to shorts as _____________.

Possible Answers:

running is to shoes

tomato is to fruit

sunshine is to sunglasses 

hat is to outfit

sweater is to pants

Correct answer:

sweater is to pants

Explanation:

To complete the analogy, you first need to determine the relationship between the initial pairing. A "shirt" and "shorts" are both parts of an outfit. Therefore the answer must be in the form of "'part' is to 'part,'" where both parts are part of the same whole. A "sweater" and "pants" are also both parts of an outfit, so that must be the correct answer.

Example Question #6 : Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete the analogy.

Floor is to ceiling as __________.

Possible Answers:

roof is to bed

stove is to kitchen

carpet is to rug

dresser is to wall

basement is to attic

Correct answer:

basement is to attic

Explanation:

To complete the analogy, you first need to determine the relationship between the initial pairing. The floor and ceiling are both parts of a room. The floor is the bottommost part of the room and the ceiling is the topmost portion of the room. You are therefore looking for an answer in the form "part" is to "part," where both parts share the same whole. Therefore the answer must be "basement is to attic." They are both rooms a house. The basement is the bottommost room of the house and the attic is the topmost room of the house.

Example Question #1 : Part/Whole, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete the analogy.

Pillow is to blanket as __________.

Possible Answers:

toothbrush is to teeth

hat is to coat

bed is to room

bracelet is to wrist

painter is to baker

Correct answer:

hat is to coat

Explanation:

To complete the analogy, you first need to determine the relationship between the initial pairing. A "pillow" and "a blanket" are both parts of a bed. Therefore the answer must be in the form of "'part' is to 'part,'" and the parts must share a common whole. A "hat" and a "coat" are both parts of an outfit, so that must be the correct answer.

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