SSAT Elementary Level Verbal : Changes in Intensity

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #291 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Pink is to red as __________.

Possible Answers:

reptile is to mammal

origin is to birth

warm is to hot

hard is to soft

meal is to dessert

Correct answer:

warm is to hot

Explanation:

This analogy compares two terms where one is the more extreme form of the other. Red is higher than pink on a "gradient of redness," although the color pink exhibits characteristics of "redness." Likewise, hot is higher than warm on a "gradient of temperature," although the concept of warmth entails characteristics of heat.

Example Question #292 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Sad is to miserable as angry is to __________

Possible Answers:

furious

inactive

pious

calm

irritated

Correct answer:

furious

Explanation:

To be "miserable" means to be very sad, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine which of these answer choices is a more intense form of being "angry." The correct answer is therefore "furious," which means very angry. To provide further help, "inactive" means not active or not moving; "pious" means very religious; and "irritated" means annoyed or mildly angry.

Example Question #293 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Blue is to navy as red is to __________.

Possible Answers:

pink

orange

purple

scarlet

burgundy

Correct answer:

burgundy

Explanation:

"Navy" is a darker version of the color blue, therefore the answer must be a darker version of the color red. That immediately eliminates "purple" and "orange." "Pink" is a lighter shade of red, so it is eliminated. "Scarlet" is a bright red, but it is not dark. The best choice is "burgundy," which is a dark shade of red.

Example Question #294 : Analogies

Complete the analogy.

Wet is to drenched as __________.

Possible Answers:

upset is to angry

page is to book

dry is to desert

step is to stair 

tornado is to wind

Correct answer:

upset is to angry

Explanation:

"Drenched" is a more intense version of "wet," just as "angry" is a more intense version of "upset." A "page" is a part of a "book" and a "step" is a part of a "stair," so those can be eliminated since they don't fit the type of analogy. While a "desert" is very "dry," it is not a more intense version of the same word. If "tornado" and "wind" were reversed and read "wind is to tornado," this analogy would work. As it is written, however, it is the opposite of the first pair.

Example Question #295 : Analogies

Analogies: Complete this analogy. 

Cry is to sob as walk is to __________.

Possible Answers:

run

joke

pause

work

sit

Correct answer:

run

Explanation:

To "sob" is to cry intensely, to cry for a long time. "Sob" is therefore a more intense version of the word "cry." To solve this analogy you need to consider which one of these words represents a more intense version of "walk," and the correct answer is obviously "run." 

Example Question #296 : Analogies

Pretty is to exquisite as ugly is to __________.

Possible Answers:

plain

similar

attractive 

grotesque 

safe 

Correct answer:

grotesque 

Explanation:

"Pretty" and "exquisite" are synonyms, but the relationship is one of a heightened degree. Something that is exquisite is very pretty. Likewise, "grotesque" refers to something that is very ugly.  

Example Question #297 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Cottage is to house as sapling is to __________.

Possible Answers:

mountain

tree

person

store

train

Correct answer:

tree

Explanation:

A "cottage" is a small, usually rural, house. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine what a "sapling" is a smaller version of. The correct answer is that a "sapling" is a small "tree."

Example Question #298 : Analogies

Complete the analogy.

Clean is to spotless as ______________.

Possible Answers:

laundry is to washer

dirty is to filthy

trashcan is to trash

pen is to writing

mop is to floor

Correct answer:

dirty is to filthy

Explanation:

To complete the analogy, you must determine the relationship between the first two words. "Clean" and "spotless" are synonyms of increasing intensity, so the answer must be two synonyms of increasing intensity. "Filthy" is a more intense version of dirty, so that must be the correct answer.

Example Question #299 : Analogies

Complete the analogy.

Wet is to soaked as _______________.

Possible Answers:

yellow is to green

desert is to barren

dry is to arid

car is to carwash

ocean is to beach

Correct answer:

dry is to arid

Explanation:

What is the relationship between the given words? "Wet" and "soaked" are synonyms of increasing intensity, so the answer must be two synonyms of increasing intensity. "Arid" is a more intense version of dry, so that must be the correct answer.

Example Question #11 : Changes In Intensity

Complete this analogy.

Strong is to strongest as ___________________.

Possible Answers:

bright is to light 

quiet is to whisper

loud is to loudest

weak is to weaker

tough is to inflexible

Correct answer:

loud is to loudest

Explanation:

Since strongest is the greatest intensity of the word "strong," we are looking for an answer choice that has one word (e.g., strong) and the other word functions as the greatest intensity of that first word (e.g., strongest). The only answer choice that fits this criterion is "Loud is to loudest."

"Weak is to weaker" is not the best answer choice because weaker is not the greatest intensity of the word "weak," weakest would make this answer choice correct.

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