SSAT Elementary Level Verbal : Animal-related Terminology

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Animal Related Terminology

Complete this analogy.

Lions are to pride as __________.

Possible Answers:

rats are to organization

dogs are to pound

bears are to forest

birds are to flock

fish are to pack

Correct answer:

birds are to flock

Explanation:

Since a group of lions is called a "pride," we are looking for an answer choice in which the first blank is an animal, and the second blank describes the species-specific name for a group of those animals. Thus, the best answer choice is "birds are to flock," because a group of birds is referred to as a "flock."

Example Question #12 : Animal Related Terminology

Complete this analogy.

Caterpillar is to butterfly as __________.

Possible Answers:

day is to night

flower is to leaf

insect is to dragonfly

nocturnal is to bat

tadpole is to frog

Correct answer:

tadpole is to frog

Explanation:

Since a caterpillar eventually becomes a butterfly, we need to pick out another pair of words in which the first word describes an animal that eventually metamorphoses into a form that the second word describes. While "flower is to leaf" might look like an answer, flowers don't become leaves—both are parts of a plant. Similarly, "insect is to dragonfly" is not correct either since an insect does not become a dragonfly—a dragonfly is a kind of insect. "Tadpole is to frog" is the correct answer because just like a caterpillar metamorphoses into a butterfly, a tadpole metamorphoses into a frog.

Example Question #13 : Animal Related Terminology

Troop is to soldier as flock is to . . .

Possible Answers:

horse

bird

plant

leaf

firefly

Correct answer:

bird

Explanation:

"Troop" is a noun that can mean "a group of soldiers, especially a cavalry unit commanded by a captain, or an airborne unit," so a troop is made up of soldiers, and we need to pick out an answer choice that describes what kind of thing a flock is made up of. While "bird," "horse," and "firefly" may each look like a potentially correct answer because each one is a living thing, "bird" is the correct answer because just like a troop consists of a number of soldiers, a flock consists of a number of birds.

Example Question #14 : Animal Related Terminology

Fish is to scales as porcupine is to . . .

Possible Answers:

ooze

warmth

speedy

quills

feathers

Correct answer:

quills

Explanation:

Fish are covered in scales, so we need to pick out an answer choice that is a noun describing what porcupines are covered in. While "quills," "ooze," and "feathers" may each look like a potentially correct answer, porcupines are covered in quills, so "quills" is the correct answer.

Example Question #301 : Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Swamp is to alligator as __________.

Possible Answers:

mountain is to dolphin

ocean is to pig

forest is to black bear

desert is to shark

prairie is to gorilla

Correct answer:

forest is to black bear

Explanation:

Alligators live in swamps, so we need to pick out an answer choice in which the first word is a location, and the second word an animal that would be likely to live in that location. All of the potential answer choices fit this format, but sharks do not live in deserts, pigs don’t live in oceans, dolphins don’t live in the mountains, and gorillas don’t live on prairies, so none of those answers can be correct. Black bears do live in forests, however, just as alligators live in swamps, so “forest is to black bear” is the correct answer.

Example Question #302 : Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Bird is to fly as fish is to . . .

Possible Answers:

swim

goldfish

crawl

water

scales

Correct answer:

swim

Explanation:

Since birds fly, we need to pick out an answer choice that describes what fish do. Of the listed answer choices, two are verbs - "crawl" and "swim." Since fish swim, "swim" is the correct answer choice.

Example Question #303 : Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Cat is to meow as dog is to . . .

Possible Answers:

bark

doghouse

puppy

play

tail

Correct answer:

bark

Explanation:

Since cats make sound by meowing, we need to pick a word that describes the sounds dogs make. Since dogs make sound by barking, "bark" is the correct answer.

Example Question #311 : Analogies

Nest is to bird as den is to . . .

Possible Answers:

mole

bear

deer

fish

squirrel

Correct answer:

bear

Explanation:

Since birds live in nests, we need to pick out a word that describes what kind of animal lives in a den. Since "den" means "the lair of a wild usually predatory animal," "bear" is the correct answer, since "bear" is the only answer that is a predatory wild animal of the possible answer choices, and bears specifically hibernate in dens.

Example Question #321 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Bear is to cub as __________.

Possible Answers:

cow is to calf

buck is to doe

chuck is to throw

goose is to gander

plow is to snow

Correct answer:

cow is to calf

Explanation:

A young bear is called a "cub." So, to solve the analogy, you need to pick out the answer choice in which the first word is an animal and the second word is the name given to a young animal of that type. A young cow is called a "calf," so "cow is to calf" is the correct answer. (A "gander" is a name given to a male goose, and a "buck" is a male deer, while a "doe" is a female deer.)

Example Question #322 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Puppy is to dog as __________.

Possible Answers:

up is to down

red is to yellow

rich is to poor

child is to adult

wet is to dry

Correct answer:

child is to adult

Explanation:

"Puppy and dog" discuss the juvenile and grown stages of a living thing, with the younger discription first and the older one second. The only choice that matches this is "child is to adult."

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