# SSAT Elementary Level Verbal : Analogies: Determining Meaning from Suffixes

## Example Questions

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### Example Question #641 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Female is to witch as male is to __________.

witchcraft

wizard

humanist

magician

judge

wizard

Explanation:

A “wizard” is a male witch. To provide further help, “witchcraft” is the practice of magic by witches. The suffix "-craft" suggests a type of work or craft. A “humanist” is someone who has great faith in the capabilities of mankind and who thinks rationally about the world.

### Example Question #12 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Complete this analogy.

Thermometer is to temperature as ruler is to __________

weight

length

pressure

loudness

light

length

Explanation:

The suffix "-meter" suggests that the word in question will relate to the measurement of something. The prefix "therm-" or "thermo-" means having to do with heat, temperature, or fire, so a “thermometer” is something used to measure temperature. So, to solve this analogy, you need to pick out an answer choice that describes what a ruler measures. A ruler measures length, so "length" is the correct answer.

### Example Question #13 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Complete this analogy.

Herbologist is to plants as  __________.

happy is to well

teacher is to pupil

science is to biology

zoologist is to animals

vigorous is to fast

zoologist is to animals

Explanation:

A “herbologist” is a person who studies plants. The suffix "-ology" means the study of something and "-ologist" means a person who studies something. Similarly, a "zoologist" is a person who studies animals. To further help you, "biology” is a branch of science that studies life; “vigorous” and “fast” are synonyms; “happy” and “well" are also synonyms.

### Example Question #11 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Complete this analogy.

Manage is to manageable as defend is to __________

defensive

protect

defender

defensible

attack

defensible

Explanation:

The suffixes "-able" and "-ible" generally mean able to be or able to do, as in the the word “manageable,” which means able to be managed. To solve this analogy, you need to determine which of these answer choices means able to be defended. The correct answer is “defensible."

### Example Question #12 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Complete this analogy.

Lengthen is to longer as moisten is to __________.

milder

colder

hotter

wetter

drier

wetter

Explanation:

The suffix "-ten" means to make, so “lengthen” means to make longer and “moisten” means to make wetter.

### Example Question #16 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Complete this analogy.

Magic is to magician as history is to __________.

historiography

scientist

historian

humanities

warlock

historian

Explanation:

A “magician” is someone who practices magic, so to solve this analogy, you have to find the word that means someone who studies history, or “historian.” “Magician” and “historian” both have the suffix "-ian," which means type of person. To provide further help, “historiography” is the study of historical practice; a “scientist” is someone who studies science; “humanities” is a broad subject group including history, art, and literature; a “warlock” is a male witch, a wizard

### Example Question #13 : Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Complete this analogy.

Forward is to backward as up is to __________.

straight

movement

direction

down

behind