Sociology : Work, Consumption, and the Economy

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Work, Consumption, And The Economy

Which of the following is not an example of unpaid labor?

Possible Answers:

Unpaid internships

Domestic labor

None of these

Volunteer work

Forced labor

Correct answer:

None of these

Explanation:

"None of these" is the correct answer. Unpaid work is work that is done without compensation. In "unpaid internships," students work for a company in return for experience not money. "Domestic labor" is unpaid but necessary in order for a household to function. Feminists claim that the pay gap between men and women is increased when domestic labor by housewives is taken into account. They postulate that women work as much as men; however, their work is not compensated monetarily and is seen as insignificant in respect to the outside views of the family. THis is despite its necessary function and utility value. Likewise, "volunteer work" for charitable corporations and "forced labor" are unpaid. 

Example Question #1 : Sociology

Dependency theory is a response to which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Convergence theory

Integration theory

Modernization theory

Social identity theory

Correct answer:

Modernization theory

Explanation:

Dependency Theory was developed by sociologists in Latin America who argued that Modernization Theory was wrong in that not all countries can modernize through the same processes. Dependency theorists argue that global flow of resources makes it so that underdeveloped countries are dependent upon and exploited by developed countries, therefore are they continually at a disadvantage when it comes to industrial development. 

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