Sociology : Sociological Thinking

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Contemporary Theory

Which of the following is the theoretical perspective that analyzes societies on the microlevel and macrolevel?

Possible Answers:

Symbolic interactionist perspective

Post modernist perspective

Functionalist perspective

Conflict perspective

Pre-modernist perspective

Correct answer:

Post modernist perspective

Explanation:

Functionalist and conflict theories analyze societies on the macrolevel only. Symbolic interactionists analyze societies only on the microlevel. The postmodernist perspective examines how society is impacted and shaped on a micro and macro level. The pre-modernist perspective is not an actual sociological perspective.

Example Question #1 : Contemporary Theory

Which statement would be true about the Functionalist theory and families?

Possible Answers:

Families are no longer cohesive units.

Families function to provide social status and socialization.

Families are sources of inequality.

Families mirror gender biases.

Correct answer:

Families function to provide social status and socialization.

Explanation:

The Functionalist theory believes family serves the purpose to provide for structure and stability through socialization and creating social stability. Families as sources of inequality and family as a unit that mirrors gender biases are examples of the Conflict theory. Families losing cohesiveness would be a concept the Postmodernists would believe in. 

Example Question #11 : Sociological Thinking

What would conflict theorists believe to be a concept that contributes to strife within families?

Possible Answers:

men who work at home

women who want to stay at home instead of working outside the home

families reflect the inequalities found in society based on gender

men who believe in equal role sharing

Correct answer:

families reflect the inequalities found in society based on gender

Explanation:

Conflict theorists focus on what are common contributors that cause unrest in a family. Inequalities among the genders that are present in society would be a significant theme they would explore. A woman wishing to stay at home and not work outside the home would not reflect strife within the family. Men who believe in equal job sharing would have less strife in the home and would not be an example of conflict, but more harmony. Men working at home would not be seen by conflict theorists as mirroring gender inequality. 

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