Sociology : Socialization

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Socialization

According to Erving Goffman, which of the following would not be considered as a total institution?

Possible Answers:

Gang

Prison

Sanitarium 

Boarding school

Asylum

Correct answer:

Gang

Explanation:

According to Erving Goffman, a total institution seeks to separate the barriers that separate where individuals work, play, and sleep. In doing so, they cut off individuals from their outside social ties and institutionalize them to fit an identity provided by the institution. It is important to note, a physical barrier is a necessary element of a total institution. A gang is a group of individuals; therefore, no physical barrier exists to enclose the individuals in a common space and are not considered to be a total institution according to Goffman. 

Example Question #1 : Socialization

Which of the following drive gender socialization?

Possible Answers:

Police Officers

Friends

Parents

Politicians

Correct answer:

Parents

Explanation:

Parents are the most involved in a child's life and therefore are the first and most constant source of socialization. Take gender roles for example, children are most likely to be socialized to gender roles based on the roles they observe between their parents.

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