Sociology : Religion and Society

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Religion And Society

What term best matches the definition for a concurrent marriage of one male and at least two females?

 

Possible Answers:

polylateral

polytheism

polyandry

polygyny

Correct answer:

polygyny

Explanation:

Polygyny occurs when a man has more than one wife. Polytheism is worshiping more than one god. Polyandry is when a woman has more that one husband at the same time. Polylateral refers to developing countries sharing knowledge among each other. 

Example Question #1 : Religion And Society

Émile Durkheim postulated that religion exists in society in order for individuals to have a common set of beliefs and practices that results in social cohesion and the reaffirmation of societal bonds. This statement belongs to which of the following classifications of sociological religious theory?

Possible Answers:

Symbolic interactionist

Weberian 

Marxist 

Structural functionalist

Post-structuralist

Correct answer:

Structural functionalist

Explanation:

In this statement, Durkheim states that religion performs a function of bonding individuals together in a cohesive manner. In other words, religious beliefs provide individuals with a common ideal to ascribe to and in doing so they bond together socially. Structural functionalists assume that sociological phenomena such as religion occur because they perform an important function in society (i.e. bonding in this case). 

Example Question #1 : Religion And Society

The sensation that one is connected to the Divine is a __________.

Possible Answers:

religious belief

none of the other answer choices

religious experience

religious ritual

religious text

Correct answer:

religious experience

Explanation:

The sensation that one is connected to the Divine is a religious experience. Religious beliefs are specific ideas that members of a religious faith believe to be true. Religious text is a book or writing believed to be sacred to members of religious faith. Religious rituals are behaviors or actions required by members of a religious faith.

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