Sociology : Groups, Organizations, and Bureaucracies

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Groups, Organizations, And Bureaucracies

According to Mark Granovetter's weak tie hypothesis, the provided image is known as which of the following?

Forbidden triad

Possible Answers:

Negative triad

Forbidden triad

Weak tie triangle

None of these

Strong tie triangle

Correct answer:

Forbidden triad

Explanation:

According to Granovetter,the image is considered to be the forbidden triad. Each of the dots represent a person in a network. If one node has a tie to two other nodes, then each of those two individuals should possess some kind of relationship. In other words, if you are are friends with two individuals then there is likely to be a relationship of some sort between them. This is based off of the idea that people befriend people with like characteristics and these individuals will gravitate towards one another in a small social network. 

Example Question #42 : Sociology

What is democratic elitism?

Possible Answers:

None of these

Describes the ideology that democracy is the best functioning social order

Theory that democratic participation in large society is and should limited to regular elections of political leaders

Describes a democracy in which the upper class still controls most decisions

Describes the use of representatives in a large democracy, such as a senate or parliament

Correct answer:

Theory that democratic participation in large society is and should limited to regular elections of political leaders

Explanation:

Democratic elitism holds that democracy is limited in a large society, because in the end not everyone has an equal say. The theory of democratic elitism considers that the most power that the masses can and should have is the ability to regularly elect their representatives (thus, selecting the 'elite') to make the decisions for them, because the pluralist idea that everyone has a say is a folly and not truly realizable.

Example Question #1 : Organizational Sociology

The Iron Rule of Oligarchy states that __________.

Possible Answers:

all large organizations are ruled by elites 

all organizations are ruled by elites

all large organizations are ruled collectively

large organizations are more likely to be ruled collectively than small organizations

small organizations are more often ruled by elites than large organizations

Correct answer:

all large organizations are ruled by elites 

Explanation:

The Iron Law of Oligarchy states that all large organizations are ruled by elites. Small organizations can be ruled collectively, but most large organizations are hierarchical and are ruled by elites at the top.

Example Question #1 : Group Sociology

Which of the following is best defined as an individual's tendency to perform less work in a group then they would when working alone?

Possible Answers:

Social apathy

Social isolation 

Social lethargy 

Social loafing

Selfishness 

Correct answer:

Social loafing

Explanation:

"Social loafing" is the term used to describe an individuals tendency to do less group in a group then they would do if they were working alone. This is caused by free-riders who assume that someone else will complete the work that must be done. It is further impacted by the tendency for individuals to lessen their efforts in response to free-riders. Social loafing is more prominent in larger groups where individuals may become just another face in the crowd and may not be subject to individualized responsibilities.

Example Question #2 : Group Sociology

What is the tendency of group members to conform and think within a narrow view of an issue?

Possible Answers:

Primary group

In-group

Groupthink

None of these

Caste system

Correct answer:

Groupthink

Explanation:

The only correct answer is groupthink because it means the tendency of a group to become narrow in their ideas for the sake of harmony, despite if they make faulty decisions. In-group means the group a person psychologically identifies as being a part of and can typically share similar ideas, primary group means a group where the people create strong and lasting relationships, and caste system is a system where people are born into their social standing and stay in that class their entire life.

Example Question #51 : Sociology

Define hegemony.

Possible Answers:

The natural tendency of a group to become homogenous

Social, cultural, economic, and/or ideological influence exerted by a dominant group

Ideology that entrusts the control of a group to the dominant members

The natural tendency of a group to become heterogenous in its ideas

None of these

Correct answer:

Social, cultural, economic, and/or ideological influence exerted by a dominant group

Explanation:

Hegemony is what happens when the ideology of a dominant group is able to influence the ideology of larger society. For instance, hegemony in the United States can be seen in the sociological focus on how the trade market and Wall Street are doing, despite there being other ways to measure the economy. Hegemony is not a conscious exertion of power of the dominant group to control others, but simply what happens when the interests and ideals of one group influence an entire society.

Example Question #2 : Groups, Organizations, And Bureaucracies

Sociology is a discipline that examines nuances within a society.

Which of the following is most closely associated to the above statement regarding the definition of sociology?

Possible Answers:

Sociology is the study of human evolution

Sociology is the study of human individualism

Sociology is the study of human interaction

Sociology is the study of human intellect

Sociology is the study of human isolation

Correct answer:

Sociology is the study of human interaction

Explanation:

Sociology center on how humans interact with social settings. It is interested in the opposite of human isolation. Although a sociologist might be interested in how intellect can be impacted by society, it does not study human intellect as a neurologist or psychologist might. Individualism is contrary to a concept sociologists because they are interested in groups/societies. Evolution does not fall within the definition of what a sociologist would study.

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