Sociology : Gender and Sexuality

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Gender

What is the difference between sex and gender?

Possible Answers:

Sex is the biological distinction between male and female whereas gender is the societal distinction between male and female

None of these

Sex is the societal distinction between male and female whereas gender is the biological distinction between male and female

People can identify on a fluidity of sex but not on gender

Sex and gender are synonymous

Correct answer:

Sex is the biological distinction between male and female whereas gender is the societal distinction between male and female

Explanation:

Sex is simply the biological distinction between male and female bodies, such as whether or not there is a Y chromosome present, and what type of genitalia is present. Most people are of the male or female sex, except for those born with both types of genitalia or that have XXY chromosomes (who are intersex). Gender, however, is the behavior and societal roles assigned to and expected of male and female bodies and can be expressed differently across different people and cultures.

Example Question #1 : Gender And Sexuality

Gender socialization is an aspect of society that conveys specific patterns and expectations on how to be male or female within society.

Which of the following groups might be the first agent that shapes gender socialization?

Possible Answers:

Teachers

Peers

Media

Storybook characters

Coaches

Correct answer:

Storybook characters

Explanation:

Although all of these influence gender socialization, it is safe to assume a child is exposed to many storybooks prior to any other exposure. A child will be read to many times before they reach a teacher in school, have peers or have a coach. Children's books are filled with many gender stereotypes that lay the foundation for early gender socialization, which is why "storybook characters" is the correct answer.

Example Question #1 : Gender And Sexuality

Simone de Beauvoir's The Second Sex is a seminal text of which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Third wave feminism

Second wave feminism

First wave feminism

Ecological feminism

Correct answer:

Second wave feminism

Explanation:

The Second Sex written in 1949 emphasized the many ways that women face oppression and argued for the need for women to advance their careers. This is characteristic of second wave feminism that focuses on women sexuality, women in the workplace, and family issues. First wave feminism focused on suffrage issues alone. Third wave feminism was born in the 1990s and focuses on broadening identities-such as queer theory. Ecological feminism links patriarchy to the treatment of the environment. 

Example Question #2 : Feminism

 Which one of the following statements is true about the feminist approach to sociology?

Possible Answers:

It stresses the importance of being feminine

It approves of patriarchy

It is one unified approach

It emphasizes women's experiences and how they relate to social structure

It believes women are limited in intellectual ability

Correct answer:

It emphasizes women's experiences and how they relate to social structure

Explanation:

The feminist approach is actually made up of many perspectives on advancing social status and equality for women. Feminism focuses on women's experiences and how those experiences are impacted by and impact society. Patriarchy is a practice that feminists largely work to end in modern societies; they do not approve that many societies are still slanted toward the male gender. Feminists would argue that women have unlimited intellectual abilities. It does not believe that there should be any concept as feminine behavior, Behaviors should not be defined by gender.

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