Sociology : Construction of Reality

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Construction Of Reality

According to Erving Goffman, which of the following would not be considered as a total institution?

Possible Answers:

Asylum

Gang

Prison

Sanitarium 

Boarding school

Correct answer:

Gang

Explanation:

According to Erving Goffman, a total institution seeks to separate the barriers that separate where individuals work, play, and sleep. In doing so, they cut off individuals from their outside social ties and institutionalize them to fit an identity provided by the institution. It is important to note, a physical barrier is a necessary element of a total institution. A gang is a group of individuals; therefore, no physical barrier exists to enclose the individuals in a common space and are not considered to be a total institution according to Goffman. 

Example Question #1 : Socialization

Which of the following drive gender socialization?

Possible Answers:

Police Officers

Friends

Politicians

Parents

Correct answer:

Parents

Explanation:

Parents are the most involved in a child's life and therefore are the first and most constant source of socialization. Take gender roles for example, children are most likely to be socialized to gender roles based on the roles they observe between their parents.

Example Question #2 : Construction Of Reality

What are the id, the ego, and the superego?

Possible Answers:

The id is the cultural norms and values internalized in a person, the superego is a person's basic drives, and the ego is what tries to balance these natural drives and societal values.

The id is the cultural norms and values internalized in a person, the ego is a person's basic drives, and the superego is what tries to balance these natural drives and societal values.

There is no difference between the terms, they all describe a person's innate personality.

The id is a person's basic drives, the superego is the cultural norms and values internalized in a person, and the ego is what tries to balance these natural drives and societal values.

None of these

Correct answer:

The id is a person's basic drives, the superego is the cultural norms and values internalized in a person, and the ego is what tries to balance these natural drives and societal values.

Explanation:

According to Freud's theory, the mind is divided into the id, the ego, and the superego. These three parts of the mind operate as a system of checks and balances between a person's more instinctual pleasure-seeking drives and the society in which they live. The id is in charge of the basic drives, the more animalistic pleasure seeking part of human beings. The superego is the part of the mind that has internalized things like cultural values and norms as a part of the person. The ego acts as a buffer between these and is a person's conscious effort to balance their pleasure seeking drives with the higher-level societal norms. The ego is the one part of the mind that a person really has control over as it is their conscious effort to satisfy the sometimes conflicting desires of the id and the superego.

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