SAT Writing : Correcting Punctuation Errors: Commas for Introductory or Interrupting Phrases

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT Writing

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Example Questions

Example Question #511 : Correcting Punctuation Errors

Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.

While I can empathize with the plight of your lizard I find it hard to weep for a reptile.

Possible Answers:

While I can empathize with the plight of your lizard I find

While I can empathize with the plight of your lizard: I find

While I can empathize with the plight of your lizard, I find,

While I can empathize with the plight of your lizard, I find

While I can empathize with the plight of your lizard; I find

Correct answer:

While I can empathize with the plight of your lizard, I find

Explanation:

Introductory or interrupting phrases, i.e. phrases that are subordinate and add information to a sentence, but are not necessary to the grammatical completeness of the sentence, must be separated from the rest of the sentence by commas. The best way to correct the underlined portion of the sentence above is: "While I can empathize with the plight of your lizard, I find..."

Example Question #512 : Correcting Punctuation Errors

Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.

Emmett, well known for his pugnacious nature was not a lot of fun to be around at parties.

Possible Answers:

Emmett well known for his pugnacious nature was

Emmett, well known for his pugnacious nature was,

Emmett, well known for his pugnacious nature was

Emmett: well known for his pugnacious nature was

Emmett, well known for his pugnacious nature, was

Correct answer:

Emmett, well known for his pugnacious nature, was

Explanation:

Introductory or interrupting phrases, phrases that are subordinate and add information to a sentence, but are not necessary to the sentence being grammatically complete, must be separated from the rest of the sentence by commas. The best way to correct the underlined portion of the sentence above is: "Emmett, well known for his pugnacious nature, was"

Example Question #513 : Correcting Punctuation Errors

Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.

When we are so inundated by rain it is extraordinarily difficult to go running outside.

Possible Answers:

When we are so inundated by rain, it is

When we are so inundating by rain it is

While we are so inundated by rain it has been

When we are so inundated with rain it is

When we are so inundated by rain it is

Correct answer:

When we are so inundated by rain, it is

Explanation:

Introductory or interrupting phrases, i.e. phrases that are subordinate and add information to a sentence, but are not necessary to the sentence being grammatically complete, must be separated from the rest of the sentence by commas. In the sentence above "When we are so inundated by rain it is" should read "When we are so inundated by rain, it is."

Example Question #514 : Correcting Punctuation Errors

Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.

The town known for its vociferous populace: is experiencing major protests in the wake of the recent mayoral scandal.

Possible Answers:

Chicago, a town known for its vociferous populace;

Chicago: a town known for its vociferous populace,

The town, known for its vociferous populace,

Chicago a town known for its vociferous populace

The town known for its vociferous populace:

Correct answer:

The town, known for its vociferous populace,

Explanation:

Introductory or interrupting phrases, i.e. phrases that are subordinate and add information to a sentence, but are not necessary to the sentence's grammatical completeness, must be separated from the rest of the sentence by commas. In the sentence above "Chicago, a town known for its vociferous populace:" should read "The town, known for its vociferous populace," in order to be correct.

Example Question #515 : Correcting Punctuation Errors

Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.

When I am feeling depressed nothing can cheer me up like a nice pint of my favorite ice cream.

Possible Answers:

When I am feeling depressed nothing can cheer me up like a nice pint of my favorite ice cream.

When I am feeling depressed, nothing can cheer me up like a nice pint of my favorite ice cream.

When, I am feeling depressed nothing can cheer me up like a nice pint of my favorite ice cream.

When I am feeling depressed nothing can cheer me up like: a nice pint of my favorite ice cream.

When I am feeling, depressed, nothing can cheer me up like a nice pint of my favorite ice cream.

Correct answer:

When I am feeling depressed, nothing can cheer me up like a nice pint of my favorite ice cream.

Explanation:

Introductory or interrupting phrases -phrases that are subordinate and add information to a sentence, but are not necessary to the sentence being complete- must be separated from the rest of the sentence by commas. In the sentence above "When I am feeling depressed nothing can cheer me up like a nice pint of my favorite ice cream," should read "When I am feeling depressed, nothing can cheer me up like a nice pint of my favorite ice cream."

Example Question #516 : Correcting Punctuation Errors

Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.

Thor the Norse god of thunder is famous for his enormous appetite and incredible capacity to wage war.

Possible Answers:

Thor, the Norse god of thunder, is

Thor the norse god of thunder is,

Thor the Norse God of Thunder is

Thor the Norse god of thunder are

Thor the Norse god of thunder is

Correct answer:

Thor, the Norse god of thunder, is

Explanation:

Introductory or interrupting phrases -phrases that are subordinate and add information to a sentence, but are not necessary to the sentence being complete- must be separated from the rest of the sentence by commas. In the sentence above "Thor the norse god of thunder is" should read "Thor, the norse god of thunder, is."

Example Question #517 : Correcting Punctuation Errors

Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.

Whenever you feel excited please take a moment to take thorough stock of the situation before you act.

Possible Answers:

Whenever you feel excited please take a moment to take thorough, stock of the situation before you act.

Whenever you feel excited, please take a moment to take thorough stock of the situation before you act.

Whenever you feel excited take a moment to take thorough stock of the situation before you act.

Whenever, you feel excited please take a moment to take thorough stock of the situation before you act.

Whenever you feel excited please take a moment to take thorough stock of the situation before you act.

Correct answer:

Whenever you feel excited, please take a moment to take thorough stock of the situation before you act.

Explanation:

Introductory or interrupting phrases -phrases that are subordinate and add information to a sentence, but are not necessary to the sentence being complete- must be separated from the rest of the sentence by commas. In the sentence above "Whenever you feel excited please take a moment to take thorough stock of the situation before you act," should read "Whenever you feel excited, please take a moment to take thorough stock of the situation before you act."

Example Question #518 : Correcting Punctuation Errors

Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.

I appreciate your concern but I really need some time to be alone right now. 

Possible Answers:

I appreciate your concern, but,

I appreciate your concern but

I appreciate your concern, but

I appreciate, your concern but

I appreciate your concern but,

Correct answer:

I appreciate your concern, but

Explanation:

Introductory or interrupting phrases -phrases that are subordinate and add information to a sentence, but are not necessary to the sentence's completeness- must be separated from the rest of the sentence by commas. In the sentence above "I appreciate your concern but" should read "I appreciate your concern, but."

Example Question #519 : Correcting Punctuation Errors

Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.

If I were you I would not put my hand in that jar full of venomous snakes.

Possible Answers:

If I were you, I would

If I were you; I would

If I were you I would

If I were you, and I would

If I was you, I would

Correct answer:

If I were you, I would

Explanation:

Introductory or interrupting phrases -phrases that are subordinate and add information to a sentence but are not necessary to the sentence being complete- must be grammatically separated from the rest of the sentence by commas. In the sentence above "If I were you I would" should read "If I were you, I would."

Example Question #520 : Correcting Punctuation Errors

Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.

The young king enraged at the death of his younger brother, tried to murder the Duke responsible.

Possible Answers:

The young king who, was enraged

The young king enraged

The young king who was enraged

The young king, who was enraged

The young king, enraged

Correct answer:

The young king, enraged

Explanation:

Introductory or interrupting phrases are phrases that are subordinate and add information to a sentence, but are not necessary to the sentence being complete. Introductory phrases must be separated from the rest of the sentence by commas. The best way to correct the underlined portion above is: "The young king, enraged"

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