SAT Math : Polynomial Operations

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT Math

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : How To Divide Polynomials

Simplify: 

 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Cancel by subtracting the exponents of like terms:

Example Question #371 : Algebra

Divide  by .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

It is not necessary to work a long division if you recognize  as the sum of two perfect cube expressions:

A sum of cubes can be factored according to the pattern

,

so, setting ,

Therefore, 

Example Question #1 : How To Divide Polynomials

By what expression can  be multiplied to yield the product ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Divide  by  by setting up a long division. 

Divide the lead term of the dividend, , by that of the divisor, ; the result is 

Enter that as the first term of the quotient. Multiply this by the divisor:

Subtract this from the dividend. This is shown in the figure below.

Division poly

Repeat the process with the new difference:

Division poly

Repeating:

Division poly

The quotient - and the correct response - is .

Example Question #1 : How To Multiply Polynomials

F(x) = x^{3} + x^{2} - x + 2 

and

G(x) = x^{2} + 5  

What is ?

Possible Answers:

(FG)(x) = x^{5} + x^{4} +4x^{3} + 7x^{2} - 5x +10

(FG)(x) = x^{5} + x^{4} - x^{3} + 2x^{2} - 5x -10

(FG)(x) = x^{3} - x - 3

(FG)(x) = x^{3} + 2x^{2} - x + 7

(FG)(x) = x^{5} + x^{4} - x - 2

Correct answer:

(FG)(x) = x^{5} + x^{4} +4x^{3} + 7x^{2} - 5x +10

Explanation:

(FG)(x) = F(x)G(x) so we multiply the two function to get the answer.  We use x^{m}x^{n} = x^{m+n}

Example Question #5 : New Sat Math No Calculator

Find the product:

 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Find the product:

Step 1: Use the distributive property.

Step 2: Combine like terms.

Example Question #11 : Polynomials

 represents a positive quantity;  represents a negative quantity.

Evaluate 

Possible Answers:

The correct answer is not among the other choices.

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The first two binomials are the difference and the sum of the same two expressions, which, when multiplied, yield the difference of their squares:

Again, a sum is multiplied by a difference to yield a difference of squares, which by the Power of a Power Property, is equal to:

 

, so by the Power of a Power Property,

Also, , so we can now substitute accordingly:

Note that the signs of  and  are actually irrelevant to the problem.

Example Question #12 : Polynomials

 represents a positive quantity;  represents a negative quantity.

Evaluate .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

 can be recognized as the pattern conforming to that of the difference of two perfect cubes:

Additionally, by way of the Power of a Power Property,

, making  a square root of , or 625; since  is positive, so is , so 

.

Similarly,  is a square root of , or 64; since  is negative, so is  (as an odd power of a negative number is negative), so 

.

Therefore, substituting:

.

Example Question #13 : Polynomials

 and  represent positive quantities.

Evaluate .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

 can be recognized as the pattern conforming to that of the difference of two perfect cubes:

 

Additionally, 

 and  is positive, so

Using the product of radicals property, we see that

and 

 and  is positive, so

,

and

Substituting for  and , then collecting the like radicals, 

.

Example Question #61 : Expressions

Simplify the following expression:

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

This is not a FOIL problem, as we are adding rather than multiplying the terms in parentheses.

Add like terms together:

has no like terms.

Combine these terms into one expression to find the answer:

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