SAT II World History : Other Global Regions

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Africa From 500 C.E. To 1500 C.E.

Which of these African territories or kingdoms did not become Islamic during this time period? 

Possible Answers:

Ethiopia

Tunisia

Egypt

Mali

Songhai

Correct answer:

Ethiopia

Explanation:

All of these regions and kingdoms became Islamic during the time period from 500 C.E. to 1500 C.E. except for the Kingdom of Ethiopia, which remained a stronghold of Christianity and continues to be predominantly Christian to this day.

Example Question #1 : Other Global Regions

How did the climate and terrain of the Kindgom of Ghana differ from the climate and terrain of Nubia, Ethiopia, and Egypt? 

Possible Answers:

The Ghanian terrain was primarily desert. 

The Ghanian terrain was primarily rainforest.

The Ghanian climate was cooler.

The Ghanian terrain was primarily grassland. 

The Ghanian terrain was primarily tundra. 

Correct answer:

The Ghanian terrain was primarily rainforest.

Explanation:

The Kingdom of Ghana existed in the belt of West Africa that is rainforest. This is different to the rest of Africa which is either grassland (savannah) or desert. 

Example Question #3 : Africa From 500 C.E. To 1500 C.E.

The fall of the Ghanian Kingdom led to the rise of __________.

Possible Answers:

The Boer Republic

The Khmer Empire

The Mali Empire

The Zulu Empire

The Kush Empire

Correct answer:

The Mali Empire

Explanation:

The Kingdom of Ghana collapsed around the thirteenth century due to weakening administration and conflict with surrounding peoples. In its wake a number of new kingdoms arose, but none more prominent than the Mali Empire. Centered around the capital of Timbuktu the Mali Empire grew rapidly in wealth, land and prominence. The most famous King of the Mali Empire was Mansa Musa who famously made a pilgramage to Mecca and gave away so much gold that he crumbled the Egyptian economy. 

Example Question #3 : Africa From 500 C.E. To 1500 C.E.

The fall of Mali led to the rise of __________.

Possible Answers:

The Arabian Empire

The Songhai Empire

The Algerian Kingdom

The Boer Republic

The Kush Empire

Correct answer:

The Songhai Empire

Explanation:

Mali's time as a hegemonic power in West Africa was relatively short lived and their fall from grace coincided with the rise of the Songhai Empire. The Songhai Empire was centered around its capital in Gao. The height of the Songhai Empire was the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. The most famous rulers of Songhai were Askia and Sunni Ali. 

Example Question #4 : Africa From 500 C.E. To 1500 C.E.

The African Empires of Mali and Songhai were predominantly __________ kingdoms.

Possible Answers:

Islamic

Jewish

None of these answers; they believed in a unique African religion based on ancestor worship. 

Buddhist

Christian

Correct answer:

Islamic

Explanation:

The West African Kingdoms of Mali and Songhai were Islamic Kingdoms. The Kings of both Empires made pilgrimages to Mecca, and Islamic law was enforced within their territories.

Example Question #5 : Africa From 500 C.E. To 1500 C.E.

Mansa Musa, the famous African king who flooded Egypt with gold, was the ruler of __________.

Possible Answers:

Songhai

Congo

Mali

Algeria

Morocco

Correct answer:

Mali

Explanation:

Mansa Musa was the ruler of Mali in the fourteenth century. He made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca, as all Muslims must do, and gave away so much gold during his time in Egypt that he crashed the Egyptian economy.

Example Question #2 : Other Global Regions

The Islamic faith became dominant in Sub-Saharan Africa largely as a result of __________.

Possible Answers:

military expansion 

None of these answers is correct; Christianity became the dominant religion of Sub-Saharan Africa in this time period. 

missionary work

intellectual curiosity 

caravan trade routes

Correct answer:

caravan trade routes

Explanation:

In the centuries following the death of the prophet Muhammad, the Islamic faith spread through Sub-Saharan Africa largely as a result of Muslim traders pushing their caravan routes further and further into the heart of Africa. The Kingdoms of Mali and Songhai (to provide two prominent examples) embraced Islam during this time period. 

Example Question #3 : Other Global Regions

The Moroccan man, Ibn Battuta, is most well known for __________.

Possible Answers:

his extensive traveling around the African continent and the rest of the known world

his efforts to bring Christianity to Sub-Saharan Africa

his efforts to introduce East Asians to North-African culture 

his military conquests of North Africa for the Abbasid Caliphate 

his efforts to introduce Europeans to North African culture 

Correct answer:

his extensive traveling around the African continent and the rest of the known world

Explanation:

Ibn Battuta lived during the fourteenth century. He is most widely known for his extensive travels throughout Africa and the rest of the known world. 

Example Question #1 : East And Southeast Asia From 500 C.E. To 1500 C.E.

Genghis Khan’s Mongol Empire was largely dissolved after his death by

Possible Answers:

outside attacks from other peoples.

popular revolt against Mongol rule.

disunity among his heirs.

native Chinese values limiting Mongol authority.

invasions by European armies.

Correct answer:

disunity among his heirs.

Explanation:

Genghis Khan conquered most of Asia and portions of the Middle East, establishing the massive Mongol Empire by his death in 1227 from the Pacific Ocean to the Caspian Sea. Less than a hundred years later, his grandsons and eventual successors began fighting among themselves, dissolving into multiple Mongol principalities.

Example Question #2 : East And Southeast Asia From 500 C.E. To 1500 C.E.

The Mandate of Heaven can be compared to the European __________.

Possible Answers:

divine right of kings

insitution of feudalism

fear of Arab invasion

desire to conquer the African continent

belief in a "watchmaker God"

Correct answer:

divine right of kings

Explanation:

The Chinese Mandate of Heaven suggests that the Chinese Emperor is divinely ordained to rule. This has the obvious implication that to challenge the power of the emperor would mean challenging someone with divine support. In Europe, this same philosophy was prevalent for much of the Middle Ages and the early period of Reformation. In Europe it was called "the divine right of kings."

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