SAT II World History : 1900 C.E. to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #3 : Leaders And Thinkers Of The Ussr

Who was the leader of the Soviet Union during the Cuban Missile Crisis?

Possible Answers:

Vladimir Lenin

Leonid Brezhnev

Mikhail Gorbachev

Josef Stalin

Nikita Kruschev

Correct answer:

Nikita Kruschev

Explanation:

The Cuban Missile Crisis took place in 1963. The President of the United States at the time was John F. Kennedy and the leader of the Soviet Union was Nikita Kruschev. The crisis began when the Soviet Union installed missiles in Cuba very close to American territory. For a short time, the world was very close to nuclear warfare between the two countries until Kruschev and the Russians agreed to remove their missiles from Cuba if the United States removed its missiles from Turkey.

Example Question #4 : Leaders And Thinkers Of The Ussr

Yuri Gagarin is most famous for __________.

Possible Answers:

being the first human in outer space

splitting the atom

assassinating Josef Stalin

being the leader the Red Army during the Second World War. 

assassinating Leon Trotsky

Correct answer:

being the first human in outer space

Explanation:

Yuri Gagarin was a Soviet cosmonaut and the first human to go to outer space. During the 1950s and 1960s, a major part of the Cold War between America and the Soviet Union was the Space Race. The Soviets were the first to orbit the Earth (with Sputnik) and the first to put a man in space, Yuri Gagarin in 1961; however, the United States was the first to put a man on the moon in 1969.

Example Question #5 : Leaders And Thinkers Of The Ussr

Who represented the Soviet Union at the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences? 

Possible Answers:

Josef Stalin

Winston Churchill

Nikita Kruschev

Leonid Brezhnev

Vladimir Lenin

Correct answer:

Josef Stalin

Explanation:

The Yalta and Potsdam Conferences took place during and immediately after the Second World War, respectively. The three major Allied powers—Britain, the United States, and the USSR—met to discuss terms and the postwar world order. The Soviet Union was represented by Josef Stalin, who ruled the country at the time.

Example Question #6 : Leaders And Thinkers Of The Ussr

The campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union, known as "the Great Purge," is associated with __________.

Possible Answers:

Josef Stalin

Leon Trotsky

Pol Pot

Vladimir Lenin

Mikhail Gorbachev

Correct answer:

Josef Stalin

Explanation:

The Great Purge took place from the mid-1930s until 1940. It was an enforced program of political repression and was an attempt to consolidate power and control under Josef Stalin. Stalin ordered the Red Army purged of any subversive (or suspected subversive) elements, as well as the bullying and execution of millions of peasants.

Example Question #7 : Leaders And Thinkers Of The Ussr

Which Russian leader is responsible for “The Five Year Plan”?

Possible Answers:

Putin 

Khrushchev 

Trotsky 

Medvedev 

Stalin 

Correct answer:

Stalin 

Explanation:

The notion of a Five Year Plan is part of the Communist approach to controlled economies. During the history of the Soviet Union, the function of most five year plans was to either increase food production or to greatly improve industry and manufacturing. The first Five Year Plan was suggested by Stalin in the 1920s when he was still the General Secretary under Lenin. When Stalin assumed complete control of the party, he envisioned a system of collective farming across the nation and set up a Five Year Plan to engender this. It failed, somewhat spectacularly, and lead to grossly widespread famine and malnutrition.

Example Question #8 : Leaders And Thinkers Of The Ussr

Vladimir Lenin promoted _____________.

Possible Answers:

a strict adherence to Marx's vision of how nations transitioned from capitalism to socialism to communism

a revolution led from above by trained revolutionaries 

the need to maintain private ownership of farms 

None of the answers are correct.

All of the answers are correct.

Correct answer:

a revolution led from above by trained revolutionaries 

Explanation:

In demanding an immediate transition to socialism for Russia, Lenin disagreed with Marx's views. Lenin also promoted the collectivization of farms, although at a more gradual rate than some of his peers. 

Lenin advocated revolution from above, by trained revolutionaries.

Example Question #9 : Leaders And Thinkers Of The Ussr

Which Soviet leader implemented the New Economic Policy, which allowed a mixed economy of state-controlled industry and private enterprises?

Possible Answers:

Josef Stalin

None of these choices

Nikita Khrushchev

Vladimir Lenin

Mikhail Gorbachev

Correct answer:

Vladimir Lenin

Explanation:

Vladimir Lenin implemented the New Economic Policy in 1921, to help stimulate the Soviet economy following the Russian Civil War. Josef Stalin abolished this policy when he took power in 1928, favoring much more rigid state control of the economy. Nikita Khrushchev kept much of this rigid state control in place. Mikhail Gorbachev launched economic reforms to liberalize the Soviet economy in the 1980s, but these reforms were not known as the New Economic Policy.

Example Question #1 : The Cold War In Europe

The Berlin Airlift occurred in the aftermath of __________.

Possible Answers:

the Second World War 

the unification of Germany 

the fall of the Soviet empire 

the Nazi invasion of Poland 

the First World War 

Correct answer:

the Second World War 

Explanation:

After the end of World War Two, the city of Berlin was divided into four zones of control: American, British, French, and Russian; however, the city itself was located in East Germany and thus under direct control of the Soviet Union. The American, French, and British sections were combined to form West Berlin. As the Cold War began to dominate global politics, the Soviet Union tried to control the entire city of Berlin and closed off the city to trade with the Western world. The French, British, and particularly American authorities, under the leadership of General Marshall, airlifted supplies into the Western areas of the city to keep the population from starving and also to keep them from turning in desperation to Communism.

Example Question #1 : The Cold War In Europe

Which of these countries was NOT considered part of the Eastern Bloc of Soviet European countries?

Possible Answers:

Finland 

East Germany 

Czechoslovakia 

Poland 

Romania 

Correct answer:

Finland 

Explanation:

The Eastern Bloc was established in the years immediately following World War Two when most of Europe was being divided between Western (American-influenced) Capitalism and Eastern (Soviet-influenced) Communism. Poland, East Germany, Romania, and Czechoslovakia were all incorporated into the Eastern Bloc under the Warsaw Pact. Finland and Switzerland were the only countries to remain neutral—neither Western- nor Eastern-aligned.

Example Question #2 : The Cold War In Europe

The Warsaw Pact __________.

Possible Answers:

was signed between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during World War Two

was signed by almost all European countries in the 1990s

was signed between Poland and Russia in the years before World War Two

was signed by Eastern European countries during the Cold War

was signed by Western Europe in the immediate aftermath of World War Two

Correct answer:

was signed by Eastern European countries during the Cold War

Explanation:

The Warsaw Pact was an agreement signed in 1955 between the various Eastern European and Soviet-bloc countries of the Cold War. It aimed to provide for mutual cooperation and defense and was essentially created as a foil to the American- and British-lead NATO Pact, which West Germany had joined the year before.

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