SAT II World History : 1900 C.E. to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #4 : Germany In World War Ii

In 1923, Adolf Hitler called for an overthrow of the German government by the Nazi party. This attempt resulted in __________.

Possible Answers:

Hitler assuming Chancellorship of Germany and preparing the German nation for war

civil war in Germany that would wage for several years in the lead up to World War Two

the assassination of the German King and the royal family 

failure and imprisonment for Hitler

the complete suspension of freedoms of press, speech, and assembly in Germany

Correct answer:

failure and imprisonment for Hitler

Explanation:

In 1923 Hitler was a well-known and charismatic political speaker in Germany, but he was not yet the powerful leader that popular history remembers. He attempted to organize an overthrow of the German government by the Nazi Party, but he misjudged the moment and the revloution was a spectacular failure. Hitler was tried and imprisoned, but the momentum for his cause continued to build as many millions of Germans began to sympathize with Hitler. He spent his time in prison writing Mien Kempf which clearly outlines his horrifying philosophy. 

Example Question #1 : Russia In Wolrd War Ii

In addition to agreeing not to attack one another, the 1939 German-Russian Nonagression Pact also attempted to do which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Address the problems perceived as surrounding the Serbian minority in the Austro-Hungarian Empire

Isolate Britian from European diplomacy

Split the atom and develop an atomic bomb

Divide Poland between the two powers

Plan an invasion of Finland and Sweden

Correct answer:

Divide Poland between the two powers

Explanation:

The nonagression pact signed between Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939 involved both powers pledging not to attack each other. It also featured a plan to divide the nation of Poland between the two powers during the Second World War.

Example Question #2 : Russia In Wolrd War Ii

What conflict is called "The Great Patriotic War" in Russian society?

Possible Answers:

The Cold War

World War Two

The Crimean War

World War One

The Russian Revolution

Correct answer:

World War Two

Explanation:

World War Two is often referred to as "the Great Patriotic War" in Russian society. This is probably derived from the immense civilian and military losses that Russia suffered in the conflict and the terrible sacrifices made by so many individuals for the cause of Russian survival.

Example Question #3 : Russia In Wolrd War Ii

Operation Barbarossa was the code name for __________.

Possible Answers:

the Soviet invasion of Poland during World War Two

the Nazi invasion of Poland during World War Two

the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union during World War Two

the combined Nazi and Soviet invasion of Poland during World War Two

the Soviet invasion of the Balkans during World War Two

Correct answer:

the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union during World War Two

Explanation:

From 1939 to 1940, relations between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union were distrusting but in theory amicable. The two nations had signed a treaty promising not to attack one another and to work together to divide Poland between them. As their borders grew closer and closer, it became clear that neither Hitler nor Stalin was willing to maintain peace. Nazi Germany launched Operation Barbarossa in 1941 to try and swiftly take down the Soviet state; however, it became a war of attrition and ended with the destruction of the German army and the devastating Soviet march to Berlin.

Example Question #4 : Russia In Wolrd War Ii

Which of these statements about the Siege of Stalingrad is most accurate? 

Possible Answers:

It resulted in defeat for the Nazis when the Soviet army was able to retake the city.

It represented the furthest that Nazi forces would push into Soviet territory.

It ended swiftly in victory for the German forces.

It ended, after several months, in victory for the German forces.

It resulted in defeat for the Soviets and allowed Hitler to control all of Western Russia until the end of the Second World War.

Correct answer:

It represented the furthest that Nazi forces would push into Soviet territory.

Explanation:

The Siege of Stalingrad took place for six months from August of 1942 to February of 1943. It involved the forces of Nazi Germany laying siege to the Soviet city of Stalingrad. The Nazi forces inflicted heavy civilian casualties on the Soviet population, but were unable to hold the city for any length of time. The siege ended with the complete destruction of the Nazi Sixth Army and the forced retreat of Nazi forces out of Soviet territory.

Example Question #5 : Russia In Wolrd War Ii

Which of the following groups was largely free from persecution during the Great Purge of the Soviet Union?

Possible Answers:

Communist Party leadership

Peasants and agricultural workers

Red Army leadership

Stalin's inner circle

All of these groups were persecuted during the Great Purge.

Correct answer:

All of these groups were persecuted during the Great Purge.

Explanation:

The Great Purge is the name given to a campaign of political repression and widespread persecution undertaken by the government of Josef Stalin between 1936 and 1940. It involved the imprisonment or execution of Red Army leaders thought to be disloyal to Stalin, hundreds of thousands of members of the peasantry, members of the Communist Party leadership, and even some members of Stalin's inner circle. It had several consequences, not least of all the weakening of the Red Army, due to the massive loss of military experience caused by the execution of so many experienced military leaders.

Example Question #3 : Russia In Wolrd War Ii

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was a treaty of non-aggression signed by which two nations in the buildup to World War Two? 

Possible Answers:

The Soviet Union and Poland

The Soviet Union and China

The United States and Germany

The Soviet Union and the United States

Germany and the Soviet Union

Correct answer:

Germany and the Soviet Union

Explanation:

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was a treaty of non-aggression signed between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in the month before World War Two began with Nazi invasion of Poland. As well as promising that the two nations would not attack each other during the coming conflict, it also secretly divided most of the nations of Eastern Europe into areas of Soviet and Nazi influence.

Example Question #1 : Russian Revolution And The Cold War

The Domino Theory states which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Once one country falls under the influence of communism, the neighboring countries are likely to follow. 

The impact of communism can never spread into Europe because wealthy nations will have no reason to embrace an end to private property.

Two democratic countries will never go to war with each other.

The United States has a duty to prevent the spread of communism in Western Europe.

Communism and capitalism can never mutually coexist in the world and will always be in conflict.

Correct answer:

Once one country falls under the influence of communism, the neighboring countries are likely to follow. 

Explanation:

The Domino Theory became an important part of American foreign policy during the Cold War. It states that once one country falls under the influence of communism, there is a heightened chance that its neighboring countries will also succumb. It was the main motivation behind several of the United States' conflicts in the twentieth century such as the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

Example Question #2 : Russian Revolution And The Cold War

Why might Karl Marx have been surprised that communism first took off in Russia?

Possible Answers:

The Russian economy at the time was much less developed than that of Britain or Germany.

Marx expected that a communist revolution could never actually happen and wrote his piece in a theoretical, utopian sense.

The Russians were engaged in a war, and the communist revolution was meant to take place during a time of relative peace.

The monarchy was stronger in Russia than in the rest of Europe.

Russia had a long history of democratic institutions designed to prevent such a revolution.

Correct answer:

The Russian economy at the time was much less developed than that of Britain or Germany.

Explanation:

Karl Marx, writer of The Communist Manifesto, expected the communist revolution to take place first in Britain, Germany, or the United States. That it should happen first in Russia, a comparably undeveloped country, would have been a massive surprise to Marx. 

Example Question #3 : Russian Revolution And The Cold War

The Warsaw Pact was formed between __________.

Possible Answers:

the communist nations of Eastern Europe

Poland and Russia against German invasion

the communist nations of Asia

the capitalist nations of Asia

the capitalist nations of Europe

Correct answer:

the communist nations of Eastern Europe

Explanation:

In the aftermath of World War II, the allied powers and several other democratic nations formed NATO, an agreement to provide for the cooperative growth of capitalist societies and to counter the rising threat of Soviet influence. The Warsaw Pact was formed shortly after as a countermeasure. It incorporated all the communist nations of Eastern Europe into a treaty with the Soviet Union.

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