SAT II World History : 1900 C.E. to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #2 : World War Ii

Francisco Franco became the leader of which European country following a civil war in the 1930s?

Possible Answers:

Italy

Spain

Finland

Switzerland

Poland

Correct answer:

Spain

Explanation:

Fransisco Franco was a deeply conservative general in the burgeoning Spanish Republic of the 1930s. Franco was dismayed by the movement towards leftist poilitical thinking in Spain and, along with other generals, began the Spanish Civil War to overthrow the Republic. He was succesful (backed by the Italian and German governments) and became a fascist dictator in 1939. He would remain dictator until 1975, but famously kept Spain out of World War Two. 

Example Question #3 : World War Ii

How was Germany able to overcome the Maginot Line? 

Possible Answers:

They sailed their forces around the Mediterranean and attacked France from the South coast.

They sent more forces than the French had thought possible.

They attacked France from Belgium, where the line was nonexistent.

None of the other answers is correct; the forces of Germany were repelled by the Maginot Line.

They decimated the fortifications with aerial assaults before attempting an attack.

Correct answer:

They attacked France from Belgium, where the line was nonexistent.

Explanation:

Germany was able to overcome the French line of defense, known as the Maginot Line, by simply invading Belgium first and marching its troops into France through Belgium. The French overreliance on the Maginot Line contributed to its rapid surrender in the first few weeks of the Second World War.

Example Question #4 : World War Ii

The Battle of Britain involved which of the following?

Possible Answers:

German naval forces gaining control of the English Channel

German air force attacks on British cities

British surrender to the combined forces of Germany and Italy

The liberation of Ireland from German forces

A German land invasion of the south coast of England from Normandy

Correct answer:

German air force attacks on British cities

Explanation:

The Battle of Britain was a prolonged campaign by the German Luftwaffe (Air Force) to bomb Britain into submission. The battle was primarily fought in the air between the Luftwaffe and the Royal Air Force. 

Example Question #1 : France And Britain In World War Ii

Which British wartime Prime Minister encouraged the policy of appeasement towards German aggression?

Possible Answers:

Clement Attlee

David Lloyd George

Winston Churchill

Neville Chamberlain

Bertrand Russell

Correct answer:

Neville Chamberlain

Explanation:

Neville Chamberlain was Prime Minister of Britain from 1937 to 1940. He supported and encouraged other countries to sign the Munich Agreement, which allowed Germany to annex the Sudetenland (a region of Czechoslovakia with many ethnic-German inhabitants). This policy of "appeasement"—letting Hitler have some territory in the hope that this would quell his ambitious aggression—is generally considered a massive failure considering what was to follow, but at the time, Chamberlain was celebrated as a visionary hero.

Example Question #52 : 1900 C.E. To Present

The Lend-Lease Act of 1941 was designed to __________.

Possible Answers:

provide for a Republican government in Vichy France 

provide supplies to the British despite their inability to pay for them

extend the German reparations payments for another two decades 

shore up the American west coast in case of an attack by the Japanese navy or air force

provide for the construction of British and American military bases in North Africa and the Middle East 

Correct answer:

provide supplies to the British despite their inability to pay for them

Explanation:

In the early years of World War Two, Roosevelt and the American government maintained an official policy of neutrality. However, unoficially Roosevelt was firmly on the side of Churchill and the British. The Lend-Lease Act of 1941 was a way to provide war supplies to the British despite Britain's lack of credit. It was a precursor to direct American involvement in the conflict. 

Example Question #53 : 1900 C.E. To Present

The Battle of Britain was fought primarily between __________.

Possible Answers:

the British and American armies and the Germany army and air force

the German Luftwaffe and the British Navy

the German Luftwaffe and the Royal Air Force

British destroyers and German fighter planes and u-boats 

the British army and the German army and air force 

Correct answer:

the German Luftwaffe and the Royal Air Force

Explanation:

The Battle of Britain was fought in the summer and autumn of 1940, shortly after Nazi Germany occupied France. The Battle was fought in the skies above Britain and the English Channel between the German Luftwaffe (air force) and the Royal Air Force of Britain. The Germans hoped to achieve aerial supremacy over the British in preparation for a later land invasion of the island. However, they eventually resorted to trying to terror bomb the British public into submission. The Battle ended in victory, at enormous cost, for the British. But, it also filled the British public with a resolve that would prove enormously important throughout the rest of the war, as for a time Britain stood alone against Nazi Germany in Europe. 

Example Question #2 : France And Britain In World War Ii

The Maginot Line was designed to prevent __________  during the Second World War. 

Possible Answers:

French attacks on Italy

Italian attacks on France

German attacks on Poland

German attacks on France

French attacks on Germany

Correct answer:

German attacks on France

Explanation:

The Maginot Line was a series of defensive fortifications established by the French on their borders with Germany and Switzerland. The French experience of World War One taught them that solid and well-established defensive fortifications would be vital to protecting France in any future European conflict. The French established the Maginot Line to discourage or prevent German attacks on France.

Example Question #1 : Germany In World War Ii

Which of the following individuals was called the "Desert Fox" and fought for Germany in North Africa during the Second World War?

Possible Answers:

Hermann Goring

Erwin Rommel

Rudolph Hess

Hienrich Himmler

Joseph Goebbels

Correct answer:

Erwin Rommel

Explanation:

Erwin Rommel, usually referred to as just Rommel or the "Desert Fox," was a German military leader during the Second World War. He became famous among the Allied powers for his brilliant leadership and diplomatic decorum. He was a war hero to Nazi Germany, but he also loathed Hitler, and when his loathing became public knowledge, he was pressured to commit suicide by the German high command on pain of having his family executed and took his own life.

Example Question #2 : Germany In World War Ii

The Nuremberg Laws __________.

Possible Answers:

deprived German Jews of citizenship

ordered the systematic execution of all German Jews

installed Hitler as leader of the German nation

None of the other answer choices is correct. 

declared antisemitism illegal in German territory

Correct answer:

deprived German Jews of citizenship

Explanation:

The Nuremberg Laws were established in 1935 by the German Nazi Party. The laws declared that all Jews in Germany were no longer German citizens and deprived Jews of certain human rights. It was not until the so-called "Final Solution" that the systematic execution of Jews began.

Example Question #3 : Germany In World War Ii

The 1939 Nonagression Pact was signed between Germany and which of the following countries?

Possible Answers:

Italy

The Soviet Union

Japan

The United States

Britain

Correct answer:

The Soviet Union

Explanation:

In 1939, the Germans and the Soviet Union signed a nonagression pact promising that they would not attack each other during the Second World War. The secret treaty was effective for a time but was ended by Hitler's planned invasion of Russian territory. 

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors