SAT II World History : 1900 C.E. to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #41 : 1900 C.E. To Present

Which of the following is the name given to Lenin's faction of the Communist Party and the Russian Revolution?

Possible Answers:

The Cominterns

The Duma

The Bolsheviks

The Red Army

The Mensheviks

Correct answer:

The Bolsheviks

Explanation:

The Russian Revolution occurred in 1917 and saw Russia pulled out of the First World War. The monarchy was replaced by a communist government run by Lenin and the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks differed from the Mensheviks in that they favored an immediate and artificial revolution.

Example Question #5 : Russia In World War I

Kulaks were __________.

Possible Answers:

rebels

exiled to Russia

members of the Red Army

supported by Stalin

wealthy Russian peasants

Correct answer:

wealthy Russian peasants

Explanation:

Kulaks were wealthy Russian peasants who emerged as significant landowners in the first decade of the twentieth century. They were branded as enemies of the state and of the communist ideal by Lenin and Stalin and persecuted in the years following the First World War.

Example Question #6 : Russia In World War I

Russia’s involvement in World War One ended with __________.

Possible Answers:

complete capitulation to the Germans

the death of Josef Stalin

the rise of the tsarist monarchy

the forces of the Red Army reaching Berlin

the Russian Revolution

Correct answer:

the Russian Revolution

Explanation:

During World War One the Russians, like many European nations, suffered catastrophic and unprecedented losses of military personnel. Millions of Russians died on the frontline and millions more starved in the interior of the country itself. This provided the impetus for the Russian Revolution when the tsarist monarchy was overthrown and replaced with Communism led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin. Lenin withdrew Russia from the First World War.

Example Question #1 : Causes And Effects Of World War Ii

The Munich Agreement allowed Germany to annex a portion of which of the following areas?

Possible Answers:

Poland

France

Czechoslovakia

Belgium

The Netherlands

Correct answer:

Czechoslovakia

Explanation:

The Munich Agreement was signed by various major European powers in 1938. It allowed the Nazi government of Germany to annex territory (the Sudetenland) in Czechoslovakia. The European powers conceded this because they feared Hitler's aggressive ambitions and sought to placate him with the policy of appeasement.

Example Question #2 : Causes And Effects Of World War Ii

Which of these individuals was not a head of state during the Second World War?

Possible Answers:

Benito Mussolini

Douglas MacArthur

Harry Truman

Josef Stalin

Winston Churchill

Correct answer:

Douglas MacArthur

Explanation:

Benito Mussolini was the ruler of fascist Italy; Winston Churchill the Prime Minister of imperial Britain; and Josef Stalin the leader of the communist USSR. Harry Truman became President of the United States in the waning months of the war following the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Douglas MacArthur, however, was an American general who led a large number of forces in the Pacific theatre of the war.

Example Question #3 : Causes And Effects Of World War Ii

Which of these was not a condition of the Atlantic Charter signed by Roosevelt and Churchill prior to America's entrance into the Second World War?

Possible Answers:

No territorial gains to be made by either power

Reduced trade restrictions

Freedom of the seas

All of the other answer choices were conditions of the Atlantic Charter.

Nuclear nonproliferation

Correct answer:

Nuclear nonproliferation

Explanation:

The Atlantic Charter was an agreement signed by the leaders of the United States and the United Kingdom in 1941 prior to America's entrance into the Second World War. The purpose of this charter was to establish the post-war goals of the Allied powers. Namely, it specified that neither power would seek to make territorial gains and that in the post-war era both powers would seek to promote economic prosperity, social equality, and national autonomy around the world. All of these answer choices were part of the charter except the disarmament of nuclear weapons. The atomic bomb was not invented for another few years.

Example Question #3 : Causes And Effects Of World War Ii

Which of the following treaties ended World War One and provided much of the motivation for World War Two?

Possible Answers:

The Treaty of Moscow

The Treaty of Versailles

The Treaty of Alsace-Lorraine

The Treaty of Berlin

The Treaty of Paris

Correct answer:

The Treaty of Versailles

Explanation:

The Treaty of Versailles ended World War One, but it imposed a series of strict regulations on German recovery and encumbered the already-struggling German nation with an almost unpayable debt. This caused Germany to feel as if the terms were too harsh and to resent them, and contributed to the rise of Hitler and Nazism.

Example Question #4 : Causes And Effects Of World War Ii

Which of these events was the last to occur?

Possible Answers:

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

V-J Day

V-E Day

The Battle of Iwo Jima

The Battle of Midway

Correct answer:

V-J Day

Explanation:

The various options given that were battles or attacks (Iwo Jima, Pearl Harbor, and Midway) cannot possibly have occurred after the war was over, so they can be ruled out. V-E Day is the day when victory was secured for the allied forces in Europe. This came a couple of months before V-J Day—"Victory over Japan" Day. V-J Day was August 15th, 1945.

Example Question #5 : Causes And Effects Of World War Ii

The Axis Powers were __________.

Possible Answers:

Germany, Italy, and Japan

Germany, China, and Japan

The USSR, Britain, and the United States

Japan, Germany, and the USSR

France, the USSR, and Britain

Correct answer:

Germany, Italy, and Japan

Explanation:

In World War Two, the Allied Powers were Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States. Opposing them were the Axis Powers of Germany, Italy, and Japan. 

Example Question #6 : Causes And Effects Of World War Ii

The fascist Italian government of Benito Mussolini invaded which country in 1935?

Possible Answers:

Algeria

France

Greece

Serbia

Ethiopia

Correct answer:

Ethiopia

Explanation:

Benito Mussolini and his Fascist party came to power in the 1920s and promptly suspended several freedoms in the Italian state. In 1935 Italy invaded and occupied Ethiopia. The move was widely condemned by the League of Nations and helped further allign Italy with Nazi Germany against much of the rest of Europe.

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