SAT II World History : 1900 C.E. to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #191 : 1900 C.E. To Present

The Iraqi invasion of __________ led to the outbreak of the Gulf War.

Possible Answers:

Iran

Oman

Kuwait

Bahrain

Israel

Correct answer:

Kuwait

Explanation:

The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait took place over two days in August of 1990. The Iraqi army quickly overran their counterparts in Kuwait and the government of Saddam Hussein announced that Kuwait had been annexed by Iraq. The aggressive action was universally condemned by the world powers, including Russia, France, China, and India, and shortly thereafter, the United States issued an ultimatum that Iraq withdraw from Kuwait or face war. The Gulf War between the United States-led coalition and Iraq followed.

Example Question #192 : 1900 C.E. To Present

The Shia Ayotollah Khomeni and the Sunni Saddam Hussein fought against one another in __________.

Possible Answers:

the Second Gulf War

the Iran-Iraq War

the Six-Day War

the Iraq-Afghanistan War

the Yom Kippur War 

Correct answer:

the Iran-Iraq War

Explanation:

The Iran-Iraq War was fought between the Shia government of Iran, led by Ayotollah Khomeni and the Sunni government of Iraq, led by Saddam Hussein. The war was essentially fought over Iraqi government fears that the Shia popular rebellion of Iran would spread to Iraq. 

Example Question #193 : 1900 C.E. To Present

The Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated by a member of

Possible Answers:

the Israeli far right.

the Palestine Liberation Organization.

the Palestinian Islamist group Hamas.

the transnational Islamist group Al Qaeda.

his own bodyguards.

Correct answer:

the Israeli far right.

Explanation:

Yitzhak Rabin was assasinated in Tel Aviv, Israel, on November 4, 1995, after a rally to celebrate the signing of the Oslo Accords, which were the first agreements between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization. The attempt by the Rabin government to establish a peace with the PLO and help establish a Palestinian state was immensely unpopular among the far-right elements of Israeli society. Rabin's assassin Yigal Amir was associated with various groups and has to this day expressed no regret for the assasination.

Example Question #194 : 1900 C.E. To Present

The Balfour Declaration of 1917 intended to __________.

Possible Answers:

emancipate women in British society

remove all Jewish communities from Central Europe

provide greater voting rights to the British working class

create a Jewish homeland in Palestine

provide a lasting peace in Europe after World War One

Correct answer:

create a Jewish homeland in Palestine

Explanation:

The Balfour Declaration of 1917 was a letter written by a member of the British government to a wealthy leader of the British-Jewish community. It promised to create, or help create, a Jewish homeland in Palestinian territory. It was the first official step on the path to the creation of Israel. 

Example Question #195 : 1900 C.E. To Present

Who was the first Prime Minister of India after India gained its independence from Britain?

Possible Answers:

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Mahatma Gandhi

Indira Gandhi

Jawaharlal Nehru

V. P. Singh

Correct answer:

Jawaharlal Nehru

Explanation:

India gained its independence from Britain in 1947. The first Prime Minister was Jawaharlal Nehru, who ruled for fifteen years. Nehru led India in the direction of a planned economy and leaned more towards communism than capitalism, although his commitment was never absolute.

Example Question #196 : 1900 C.E. To Present

The Lahore Conference of 1940 __________.

Possible Answers:

contended that the time was not right for an independence movement and argued that Indians should remain loyal to the British Empire

advocated for the creation of a separate Muslim state for Muslims in India

Culminated in a massive religious riot in the streets of Lahore and Calcutta that killed tens of thousands

argued against the partition of India into a Hindu-dominated country and a Muslim-dominated country

was established to combat rising poverty in the Indian subcontinent

Correct answer:

advocated for the creation of a separate Muslim state for Muslims in India

Explanation:

The Lahore Conference of 1940 advocated for the creation of a separate Muslim state within the Indian subcontinent, what would later come to be Pakistan and Bangladesh. The partition of India into India and Pakistan resulted in the deaths of countless Indian people and the forced migration of millions.

Example Question #196 : 1900 C.E. To Present

Haile Selassi reigned from 1930 to 1974 as the emperor of which African nation?

Possible Answers:

Morrocco

Egypt

Ethiopia

Kenya

Liberia

Correct answer:

Ethiopia

Explanation:

Haile Selassie was the Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974. He is notable for his defense of Ethiopia against Mussolini's Italian invasion and for modernizing Ethiopia into the twentieth century.

Example Question #197 : 1900 C.E. To Present

The Union of South Africa was primarily a direct result of __________.

Possible Answers:

the fall of the British Empire after World War Two 

the Treaty of Tordesillas 

the construction of the Suez Canal 

the Berlin Conference 

the Second Boer War 

Correct answer:

the Second Boer War 

Explanation:

The Union of South Africa was a direct result of the conclusion of the Second Boer War, in which the British Empire defeated the Afrikaner settlers of the Orange Free State and the South African Republic. The Union of South Africa would later become the Republic of South Africa and would be dominated by apartheid policies and racial disorder until the early 1990s.

Example Question #198 : 1900 C.E. To Present

The Second Boer War, 1899-1902, was fought between ________.

Possible Answers:

British and South Africans 

Afrikaners and South Africans 

British and Americans 

South Africans and Dutch 

British and Afrikaners 

Correct answer:

British and Afrikaners 

Explanation:

The Second Boer War was fought between the British Empire and Afrikaner settlers of the Orange Free State and the South African Republic. It ended in victory for the British Empire, but did little to change the social, political, or economic situation in South Africa. 

Example Question #199 : 1900 C.E. To Present

The independence of Ghana (Gold Coast) in 1957 demonstrates __________.

Possible Answers:

the end of French colonization

the direct involvement of America in African decolonization

how uninterested European powers were in their African colonies

the ability of democracy to prosper in newly independent nations

the beginning of African decolonization

Correct answer:

the beginning of African decolonization

Explanation:

Leader Dr Kwame Nkrumah eventually named himself President for Life in Ghana a few years after independence. Ghana was a former-British colony, and European powers had mixed feelings about their imperial holdings and were not often eager to let them go (see, for instance: Algeria and Kenya). America played less of a role in Ghanan independence, but they did send congratulations to Ghana once they achieved it. 

Ghana was the first of the European African colonies to gain independence in the era of decolonization that began after World War II. 

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