SAT II World History : 1900 C.E. to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #4 : Other American History From 1900 C.E. To Present

What is the name given to the artistic, intellectual, and social movement that took place among African Americans in New York City in the 1920s?

Possible Answers:

Long Island Objectivism

Brooklyn Impressionism

The Manhattan Revival

The Harlem Renaissance

Big Apple Enlightenment

Correct answer:

The Harlem Renaissance

Explanation:

The Harlem Renaissance took place in the 1920s. It was an artistic movement, with intellectual and social qualities, that took place among the African-American community of New York City. In particular, it was a time of a dramatic increase in the writings of African Americans about their experiences.

Example Question #1 : Africa And Southwest Asia

The American-led invasion of Afghanistan took place in the immediate aftermath of __________.

Possible Answers:

the discovery of nuclear weapons owned by the Taliban

the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan 

the fall of the Soviet Union

the 9/11 terrorist attacks 

the assassination of the Afghanistani Prime Minister by the Taliban 

Correct answer:

the 9/11 terrorist attacks 

Explanation:

The United States-led coalition invasion of Afghanistan began in October 2001 and only ended recently in December of 2014. The war began in response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks on American soil less than a month earlier. The publicly stated goals of the American forces were to defeat and dismantle Al-Qaeda and to remove the Taliban government from power.

Example Question #2 : Africa And Southwest Asia

During the Soviet war in Afghanistan, the United States __________.

Possible Answers:

provided military support to the Afghanistan regular army

provided military and financial assistance to the guerrilla fighters

sent troops to fight alongside the guerilla forces of the Afghanistani rebels

remained neutral, not wanting to further antagonize the Soviet Union

provided military and financial aid to the Soviet Union to help quell the threat of Islamic fundamentalism

Correct answer:

provided military and financial assistance to the guerrilla fighters

Explanation:

For much of the Cold War, Afghanistan had been under the Soviet sphere of influence. In the 1980s, the growing strength of the rebel Mujahideen led to direct Soviet invasion and a decade-long conflict. At this time, the United States deemed Islamic fundamentalism to be a much less serious threat than the spread of communism and so provided financial and military assistance to the guerrilla forces fighting against the Soviet Union.

Example Question #3 : Africa And Southwest Asia

Which three countries were identified as the "Axis of Evil" by George W. Bush in 2002?

Possible Answers:

Iran, Iraq, and Afghanistan

Iran, Iraq, and North Korea

Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Iraq

Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Afghanistan

Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Russia

Correct answer:

Iran, Iraq, and North Korea

Explanation:

The "Axis of Evil" was a term created by the government of George W. Bush to try and provide support for American military involvement in Iraq and other countries. Iran, Iraq, and North Korea were identified as "evil" countries that sponsored terrorism and were trying to pursue the ownership of nuclear weapons.

Example Question #4 : Africa And Southwest Asia

During and after the First Gulf War, which Iraqi people were brutally suppressed by the regime of Saddam Hussein?

Possible Answers:

Bedouin

Tamils

Baathists

Kurds

Sunni

Correct answer:

Kurds

Explanation:

During and immediately after the Gulf War, the Kurdish people (along with a loose coalition of other groups) rebelled against the forces of Saddam Hussein and the Sunni-led government. Although they achieved many initial victories, the government reprisal was swift and brutal. Chemical weapons were used, and mass genocide was encouraged. Almost two million Kurds fled Iraq during this time period.

Example Question #181 : 1900 C.E. To Present

In the 1980s, the United States supplied weapons and munitions to the Afghanistani Mujahadeen because __________.

Possible Answers:

Afghanistan and the United States were allied against Pakistan and Iraq

the guerrilla fighters were resisting Soviet occupation

the guerrilla fighters were resisting Chinese occupation

the United States wanted to reverse negative public opinion of the United States among the Afghanistani people

the guerrilla fighters were resisting Iranian occupation

Correct answer:

the guerrilla fighters were resisting Soviet occupation

Explanation:

The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan was one of the last conflicts of the Cold War. The United States funded the Mujahadeen resistance fighters who were resisting Soviet occupation. This decision would have long-lasting consequences for the United States, as the weapons were used against the country in later conflicts.

Example Question #5 : Africa And Southwest Asia

To which of these Islamic religions or ethnic groups did Saddam Hussein belong?

Possible Answers:

Wahhabi

Salafist

Kurd

Sunni

Shia

Correct answer:

Sunni

Explanation:

Saddam Hussein was a Sunni Muslim in a country (Iraq) where the population distribution of Shia and Sunni Muslims is roughly even. Sectarian differences between Sunni and Shia have been the cause of much conflict in the Middle East for hundreds of years and are especially relevant today.

Example Question #182 : 1900 C.E. To Present

Whose invasion of Kuwait lead to the outbreak of the first Gulf War?

Possible Answers:

Yasser Arafat

Saddam Hussein 

George H. W. Bush 

Colonel Gaddafi 

Benjamin Netanyahu 

Correct answer:

Saddam Hussein 

Explanation:

In 1990, tensions between Iraq and Kuwait had reached their highest point in history. The Iraqi government lamented the loss of revenue to Iraq as a result of the extensive oil reserves in Kuwait. So, Saddam Hussein and the Iraqi government invaded and occupied the country of Kuwait in what is known as the Iraq-Kuwait War. This led to widespread condemnation from the international community and, eventually, to a United States-led invasion and liberation of Kuwait in what is now known as the first Gulf War.

Example Question #6 : Africa And Southwest Asia

The Gulf War was fought during the presidency of __________

Possible Answers:

Bill Clinton

George W. Bush

Gerald Ford

Ronald Reagan

George Bush Sr.

Correct answer:

George Bush Sr.

Explanation:

The Gulf War between an international coalition led by the United States and Iraq was fought in 1990 and 1991. The American President at the time was George Bush Sr. 

Example Question #7 : Africa And Southwest Asia

The publicly stated goal of Operation Desert Shield was __________.

Possible Answers:

to protect Israel from combined Iraqi-Iranian invasion

to liberate Kuwait from Iraqi occupation

to liberate Iran from Iraqi occupation

to assassinate Saddam Hussein and weaken Iraqi resolve

to protect Saudi Arabia from Iraqi invasion

Correct answer:

to protect Saudi Arabia from Iraqi invasion

Explanation:

Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm were the two major "operations" undertaken by the coalition forces against Iraq during the Gulf War. Operation Desert Storm was intended to retake Kuwait and remove Iraqi forces from the country, and Operation Desert Shield was meant to protect Saudi Arabia from Iraqi invasion.

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