SAT II World History : North and South America

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : North And South America

In what year did the American Expeditionary Force begin fighting on the front line in large numbers during the World War One? 

Possible Answers:

1917

1918

1914

1916

1915

Correct answer:

1918

Explanation:

Although the United States declared war on Germany and the Central Powers in April of 1917, the first members of the American Expeditionary Force did not join the fighting until October of that year. Even then, there were barely tens of thousands of Americans fighting on the Western front, among millions of British, French, and Germans (as well as various citizens of those countries' colonial empires). By the spring of 1918, the number of Americans on the Western front was in the millions, and they decisively turned the tide of the war.

Example Question #12 : North And South America

The Selective Service Act, passed in 1917, allowed the Federal government to __________.

Possible Answers:

suspend freedom of speech during World War One 

suspend freedom of the press during World War One 

declare war on Germany 

force state governments to contribute money and munitions to the war effort 

compel young men to enlist in the army 

Correct answer:

compel young men to enlist in the army 

Explanation:

The Selective Service Act of 1917 allowed the Federal government to compel young men between the ages of 21 and 30 to register for draft eligibility. Over two-and-a-half million Americans were drafted under the Selective Service Act.

Example Question #13 : North And South America

During World War One, Mexico __________.

Possible Answers:

refused to trade with the Central Powers, but otherwise remained out of the global conflict 

joined the war on the side of the Central Powers in 1917 and attacked American troop carriers 

adopted a consistent position of neutrality

joined the war on the side of the Allies in 1917 at the same time as the United States 

declared war on the Central Powers in 1915, but never sent any troops to Europe 

Correct answer:

adopted a consistent position of neutrality

Explanation:

During World War One, Mexico adopted a position of consistent neutrality. They traded with both the Allied and Central Powers and refused invitations from the Germans to declare war on the United States and vice versa. 

Example Question #14 : North And South America

Which of these countries was the only Latin American country to declare war on Germany during World War One? 

Possible Answers:

Colombia

Brazil

Argentina

Chile

Mexico

Correct answer:

Brazil

Explanation:

For the most part, Latin America remained wholly neutral throughout World War One. The German policy of unrestricted submarine warfare tested this neutrality, as did Britain's policy of seizing ships bound for the Central Powers. Diplomatic relations were frequently strained, but none of the countries thought it in their best interest to declare war, except for Brazil. Following a series of German attacks on Brazilian merchant ships in 1917, the country declared war on Germany. 

Example Question #15 : North And South America

Which of the following individuals was the Mexican revolutionary who led a raid into American territory in 1916 that almost led to a war with the United States?

Possible Answers:

Pancho Villa

Benito Juárez

Che Guevara

Emiliano Zapata

Simón Bolívar

Correct answer:

Pancho Villa

Explanation:

In 1916, the Mexican revolutionary known usually by his nickname, Pancho Villa, led a raid into American territory in New Mexico and Texas, during which American citizens were murdered. He was pursued by the American general, John J. Pershing, and the conflict almost led to a full-scale war between the United States and Mexico. This conflict abated, however, when the United States declared war on the Central Powers and joined World War One.

Example Question #16 : North And South America

The primary goal of the Committee on Public Information during World War One was __________.

Possible Answers:

to ensure that the troops were provided with enough food and supplies to comfortably survive the passage across the Atlantic 

to monitor the behavior of government officials to ensure they were acting in the best interests of the United States 

to spread propaganda to encourage public support for the war effort 

to monitor the behavior of media members to ensure they were offering support to the Allied war effort

to spread propaganda to foment insurrection and discourage support for the war effort 

Correct answer:

to spread propaganda to encourage public support for the war effort 

Explanation:

The Committee on Public Information was led by Chairman George Creel. It was set up in 1917 to encourage public support for the American war effort. This goal was mostly achieved through widespread propaganda campaigns linking the war effort to patriotism and nationalism. 

Example Question #17 : North And South America

People of __________ ancestry were forcibly interned in the United States during the Second World War.

Possible Answers:

Italian

Japanese

German

Chinese

Russian

Correct answer:

Japanese

Explanation:

During the Second World War, people of Japanese ancestry—both citizens of Japan living in America and Japanese-Americans—were sent to camps where they were forcibly interned until the war was over. Even though people of Germans and Italian descent might have been perceived as being the United States' combatants as much as people of Japanese descent, individuals of German or Italian descent were more difficult to identify racially and not interned. In recent years, the United States' internment of people of Japanese descent during World War Two has been widely condemned as unneccesary and a violation of the same rights for which the United States was fighting.

Example Question #18 : North And South America

The Lend-Lease Act of 1941 __________.

Possible Answers:

almost sent the United States back into an economic depression by providing land too easily and for too little money

was unanimously supported in the United States lesiglature as a necessary result of America's entrance into the Second World War

allowed private investors to buy government land to help the American government fund the cost of fighting the Second World War

made certain promises to American soldiers being sent to fight in wars for other people's freedoms in Europe and Asia about land and money they would be given when they returned

allowed the United States to provide supplies to Britain and the Soviet Union without becoming involved directly in the war

Correct answer:

allowed the United States to provide supplies to Britain and the Soviet Union without becoming involved directly in the war

Explanation:

The Neutrality Act of 1939 forbade the United States from involving itself in any conflict between the various European powers; however, seeing the direction the war was turning and the need for American intervention, Roosevelt encouraged the passage of the Lend-Lease Act of 1941, which allowed America to send supplies and money to the allied powers of Britain and the Soviet Union without violating the Neturality Act by actually putting American soldiers on the ground.

Example Question #1 : The Americas In World War Ii

Who represented the United States at the Potsdam Conference?

Possible Answers:

Franklin D. Roosevelt

John F. Kennedy

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Winston Churchill

Harry Truman

Correct answer:

Harry Truman

Explanation:

The Potsdam Conference was the final meeting of three great world powers (Britain, Russia, and the United States) in the waning moments of World War Two. It occurred shortly after the death of Roosevelt, so the United States was represented by President Harry Truman.

Example Question #2 : The Americas In World War Ii

The American-led D-Day invasion of mainland Europe was organized primarily by which of the following individuals?

Possible Answers:

George Patton

Douglas MacArthur

Chester Nimitz

Harry Truman

Dwight Eisenhower

Correct answer:

Dwight Eisenhower

Explanation:

The D-Day invasion was designed to retake much of Northern France from German forces in 1944. The intention was to get Allied forces into enemy territory and begin the push towards Berlin. It was led by and organized by American General (and future President) Dwight D. Eisenhower.

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