SAT II World History : Europe

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Europe

The Last Supper can be attributed to which Renaissance artist?

Possible Answers:

Raphael

Dante

Leonardo da Vinci

Cosimo de Medici

Michaelangelo

Correct answer:

Leonardo da Vinci

Explanation:

Leonardo da Vinci is often considered the ultimate "Renaissance man," a term that suggests being supremely skilled in many different areas of life, particularly artistically and intellectually. Perhaps Da Vinci's most famous work is The Last Supper

Example Question #1 : Italy And The Renaissance

Which of the following was not an Italian city-state during the Italian Renaissance? 

Possible Answers:

The United Provinces

The Duchy of Milan

The Republic of Florence

The Papal States

The Kingdom of Naples

Correct answer:

The United Provinces

Explanation:

During the Italian Renaissance, the country we now know as Italy was divided up into several independent city-states. All of the answer choices were city-states except for the United Provinces. The United Provinces refers to territory in what is now the Netherlands and Belgium during the time when this territory was under Spanish control.

Example Question #3 : Europe

Cosimo de Medici was the ruler of __________.

Possible Answers:

Milan

Naples

Florence

Geneva

Berlin

Correct answer:

Florence

Explanation:

Cosimo de Medici was the ruler of Florence throughout a large period of the Italian Renaissance. He is renowned as a patron of the arts who encouraged the Renaissance to flourish in his city-state.

Example Question #2 : Italy And The Renaissance

The Sistine Chapel and David are works of art and architecture that are attributed to which Renaissance artist?

Possible Answers:

Leonardo da Vinci

Albrecht Durer

Jan van Eyck

Michelangelo

Raphael

Correct answer:

Michelangelo

Explanation:

The Sistine Chapel and David are two of the most famous works of the famous Renaissance artist and sculptor Michelangelo.

Example Question #3 : Italy And The Renaissance

The Renaissance most likely evolved first in Italy due to __________.

Possible Answers:

Italy's cultural legacy of artistic and scientific accomplishment 

Italy's political and religious unity 

Italy's extensive mercenary class that protected the cities from barbarian raids 

Italy's urban society and emerging middle class

the wealth of the Papacy

Correct answer:

Italy's urban society and emerging middle class

Explanation:

Italy's relatively large urban society and emerging middle class allowed for a large number of individuals to be free to pursue artistic or scientific pursuits. This was in contrast to most of the rest of Europe and the world, where the vast majority of people had no free time for pursuits unrelated to simply surviving. This allowed the Renaissance to flourish first in Italy.

Example Question #4 : Italy And The Renaissance

The Decameron, by Giovanni Boccaccio, tells a series of stories about __________.

Possible Answers:

The Italian Renaissance 

The Black Death

Greek mythology 

The Roman Empire 

The Hundred Years' War 

Correct answer:

The Black Death

Explanation:

The Decameron was written by Giovanni Boccaccio in the fourteenth century. It is considered one of the most important works of early Humanism and the Italian Renaissance. It is centered around a series of tales about the Black Death. The Black Death was a devastating plague that hit Europe in the fourteenth century and led to widespread death and suffering. By some estimates as many as a third of all Europeans perished as a direct result of the Black Death. It would take almost two hundred years for population levels to recover.

Example Question #5 : Italy And The Renaissance

The Medici rose to prominence in which Italian city-state?

Possible Answers:

The Papal States

Naples

Milan

Venice

Florence

Correct answer:

Florence

Explanation:

The Medici rose to prominence in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries in Florence. The Medici were a banking family, and in the fifteenth century, the Medici Bank was the largest in Europe. The Medici are significant because they were frequent and enthusiastic patrons of the early Renaissance in Italy. They funded artistic works and spectacular architectural wonders.

Example Question #6 : Italy And The Renaissance

The School of Athens is one of the most famous works of which Renaissance artist?

Possible Answers:

Leonardo da Vinci

Petrarch

Raphael

Michaelangelo

Jan Van Eyck

Correct answer:

Raphael

Explanation:

The School of Athens is one of the most famous Renaissance paintings, and it is still considered a masterpiece today. It was painted by the Renaissance artist, Raphael, in the early sixteenth century. The fresco can be found in the Apostolic Palace in the Vatican.

Example Question #9 : Europe

Lorenzo the Magnificent is best remembered as __________.

Possible Answers:

a patron of the arts

an Enlightenment philosopher

a religious dissident

a Northern Renaissance artist

an Italian mercenary captain

Correct answer:

a patron of the arts

Explanation:

Lorenzo the Magnificent was a ruler of Florence in the fifteenth century. At the time, Florence was an economic center of Europe and one of the most prominent cities of the Italian Renaissance. Lorenzo the Magnificent is most commonly remembered as a generous and enthusiastic patron of the arts. He sponsored the works of Michelangelo, among many others.

Example Question #1 : France And The Renaissance

Which of these treaties provided religious toleration for Huguenots in France, but required them to disarm?

Possible Answers:

The Edict of Nantes

The Peace of Lyon

The Peace of Alais

The Edict of Fontainebleau

The Peace of Westphalia

Correct answer:

The Peace of Alais

Explanation:

The Peace of Alais was a treaty signed in 1629 between the French monarchy and the leaders of the Huguenots, French Protestants. The peace provided religious toleration for the Huguenots but required them to disarm so that they would no longer be a threat to the crown. The peace did not last, however, as later in the seventeenth century, Louis XIV revoked the arrangement and began official state persecution of Protestants in France.

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