SAT II US History : U.S. Political History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

Example Question #37 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From 1790 To 1898

In which year was the first Presidential election contested by a Whig Party candidate?

Possible Answers:

1844

1852

1848

1836

1832

Correct answer:

1836

Explanation:

The Whig Party was formed in 1833, in opposition the dominant Democratic Party and President Andrew Jackson. The Party was formed primarily on the ideology that Congress should always possess greater authority over the direction of the nation than the President. The first election contested by the Whigs was the election of 1936, but the party was insufficiently organized to run one candidate across the whole nation, so they opted for a series of regional challengers in the hope that they could deny a clear majority to Martin Van Buren, and therefore bring the election to the Senate. They narrowly missed out on this goal. In the election of 1840, however, the Whigs ran their first unified candidate, William Henry Harrison, who promptly died after thirty-one days in office. 

Example Question #61 : U.S. Political History

Which of these Presidents was not elected from the Whig Party?

Possible Answers:

Zachary Taylor

William Henry Harrison

Millard Fillmore

Martin Van Buren 

John Tyler

Correct answer:

Martin Van Buren 

Explanation:

Martin Van Buren was a staunch Democrat and Andrew Jackson’s chosen successor. The other four Presidents were all members of the Whig Party at the time of their inauguration. Although it is worth noting that President John Tyler blocked so much Whig legislation that he was expelled from the Whig Party during his presidency. 

Example Question #62 : U.S. Political History From 1790 To 1898

Nicknamed the "Bloodhound Law," the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 declared what?

Possible Answers:

All fugitive slaves, upon capture, were responsible for paying for the services of the bloodhounds that tracked them; this typically meant laboring for their debt.

All freed slaves were to be returned to slavery when convicted of a crime.

All escaping slaves that made their way into a Free State were to be considered free.

All fugitive slaves that made their way to Canada could petition the state from which they escaped for the release of their family.

All runaway slaves, at their capture, were to be returned to their masters.

Correct answer:

All runaway slaves, at their capture, were to be returned to their masters.

Explanation:

As part of the Compromise of 1850, all runaway slaves, at their capture, were to be returned to their masters.  Abolitionists called it the "Bloodhound Law" because of the bloodhounds used in the barbaric hunt.

Example Question #62 : U.S. Political History

Which famous Amendment to the U.S. Constitution abolished slavery?

Possible Answers:

The Nineteenth Amendment

The Thirteenth Amendment

The Twenty-First Amendment

The Fifth Amendment

The Sixth Amendment

Correct answer:

The Thirteenth Amendment

Explanation:

Adopted on December 6th, 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery and forced servitude. It was one of three Reconstruction Amendments following the Civil War.

Example Question #63 : U.S. Political History

This is the oldest still-standing political party in the United States, founded in the 1830s by Martin van Buren and Andrew Jackson from former members of the Democratic-Republican Party.

Possible Answers:

The Democratic Party

The Progressive Party

The Republican Party

The Libertarian Party

The Whig Party

Correct answer:

The Democratic Party

Explanation:

The eighth President of the United States, Martin van Buren, was instrumental in founding the Democratic Party, the oldest current party in the country. 

Example Question #44 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From 1790 To 1898

The Indian Removal Act was passed during the administration of which President?

Possible Answers:

John Quincy Adams

Thomas Jefferson

Andrew Jackson

James Monroe

Martin Van Buren

Correct answer:

Andrew Jackson

Explanation:

During the time of Washington, then Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans, the rights of “civilized” Native American organizations to remain effectively autonomous within the United States was guaranteed and upheld; however, when Andrew Jackson came into the Presidency he sought to undo this trend. In a speech in 1829 he argued for the removal of Native Americans to lands west of the Mississippi. The plan was met with general support by the American public, particularly those in the South, who desired bountiful Indian farming land. Jackson was notably opposed by Christian missionaries and a young Abraham Lincoln. Nevertheless, the bill passed Congress in 1830, and for the next two decades Native American groups all along the Eastern Seaboard were evicted from their lands and forced to migrate westwards.

Example Question #64 : U.S. Political History

Which U.S. Constitutional Amendment, ratified on February 3rd, 1870, gave black men the right to vote?

Possible Answers:

The Thriteenth Amendment

The Nineteenth Amendment

The Twenty-First Amendment

The Eighth Amendment

The Fifteenth Amendment

Correct answer:

The Fifteenth Amendment

Explanation:

Although the Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery, it was the Fifteenth Amendment that gave black men the right to vote. All women did not receive the right to vote until 1920 with the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment.

Example Question #66 : U.S. Political History From 1790 To 1898

In 1876, at the Little Big Horn River in Montana, which Native-American leader led his Sioux warriors in victory against Lt. Col. George A. Custer?

Possible Answers:

Spotted Tail

Sitting Bull

Inkpaduta

Encouraging Bear

Geronimo

Correct answer:

Sitting Bull

Explanation:

Sitting Bull defeated Custer at the Battle of Little Big Horn.

Example Question #65 : U.S. Political History

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."

The preceding text is which Amendment to the United States Constitution?

Possible Answers:

The Seventh Amendment

The Fifth Amendment

The First Amendment

The Second Amendment

The Third Amendment

Correct answer:

The First Amendment

Explanation:

The preceding text is the First Amendment to the United States Constitution adopted on December 15th, 1791.

Example Question #66 : U.S. Political History

From 1865 to 1872, this U.S. government agency was responsible for assisting recently freed slaves.

Possible Answers:

The Underground Railroad

The Freedmen's Bureau

The Bureau for Reconstruction

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

The Department for Ex-Slaves

Correct answer:

The Freedmen's Bureau

Explanation:

From 1865 to 1872, the Freedmen's Bureau was responsible for assisting recently freed slaves. Its full name was The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands.

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