SAT II US History : U.S. Intellectual and Cultural History from Pre-Columbian History to 1789

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

← Previous 1 3

Example Question #81 : U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History

Which of these was not a consequence of the First Great Awakening?

Possible Answers:
The division of existing congregations and sects, thus creating new denominations of Christianity
An abhorrence for Catholicism, and the Pope, amongst the colonists
These were all consequences of the Great Awakening
A new sense of independence fostered in the colonies about religious choices and freedoms
A fear of secular education, that encouraged the creation of many religious schools
Correct answer: An abhorrence for Catholicism, and the Pope, amongst the colonists
Explanation:

The First Great Awakening (1730-1740) was a period of intense religious revivalism in the colonies that helped foster an independent religious spirit, encourage the creation of new Christian denominations and lead to the creation of many Christian schools across the colonies. Disdain for Catholicism was already rampant amongst the (vast) Protestant majority in the colonies and, as such, was not caused by the First Great Awakening. 

Example Question #1 : Cause And Effect In Intellectual And Cultural History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

What was the most significant long-term consequence of King Phillip’s War, in terms of colonial ideology?

Possible Answers:

It created a sense of colonial, or American, identity distinct from that of the British.

It expanded trade relations between the defeated Native Americans and the colonies.

It obliterated the Native population in New England and opened up land for further settlement.

It engendered a cautious peace between the Natives and the colonists that would last for several decades.

It caused the British to issue a number of taxes on the colonists as reparation. 

Correct answer:

It created a sense of colonial, or American, identity distinct from that of the British.

Explanation:

Prior to King Phillip’s War there had been little existence of an American identity, one distinct from British. In the early seventeenth century, colonies had been established primarily as a means of shipping religious dissidents three thousand miles away, where they could not affect English heterodoxy. The colonists tended to see themselves as religiously separate, but culturally and nationally identical to the British; however, in King Phillip’s War the colonists were provided with very little assistance by the British Empire. Forced to fight and die together, the war fostered a new identity, an American identity that would continue to build, particularly in New England, for the next hundred years. 

Example Question #82 : U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History

“Letters from a Pennsylvania Farmer”                         .

Possible Answers:

argued against the Articles of Confederation  

inspired anti-British sentiment throughout the colonies 

called for the creation of much needed internal infrastructure 

demanded a reform in agricultural practices

supported the authority of the British Empire

Correct answer:

inspired anti-British sentiment throughout the colonies 

Explanation:

“Letters from a Pennsylvania Farmer” was, in fact, written by a lawyer in opposition to the British imposition of the Townshend Acts. The tract argued that the British government did have ultimate authority over the external affairs of the colonies, but that the colonies had the right to internal government. It declared that taxes made solely for the purpose of raising revenue for the Empire were abhorrent and against the British legal system. The tract was widely read and encouraged anti-British feeling throughout the colonies. 

Example Question #1 : U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

The Salem Witch Trials were a product of all the following except __________.

Possible Answers:

the practice of neo-paganism among Salem's townspeople

Calvinist theological views of appropriate behavior

the European tradition of persecuting perceived witches

Calvinist views of the role of women in society

unclear political structures of the Massachusetts Colony

Correct answer:

the practice of neo-paganism among Salem's townspeople

Explanation:

In early 1692, many town in the northern part of Massachusetts colony underwent a mass hysteria where various townspeople accused others of being practicing witches. Such accusations had a long history in European culture, and were well established in the colonists' own deeply held Calvinism. Witchcraft was a capital offense, and the ensuing trials became more convoluted by recent changes and disputes over Royal authority in the colony. In all, hundreds were accused and convicted, with dozens being executed in a variety of manners. This was also the last instance of a widespread witch trial, and made royal authority finally preeminent in Massachusetts.

Example Question #1 : U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

During the American Revolutionary War, this general originally served the cause of the American Continental Army before defecting to the British.  As a consequence of his treason, his name is now a popular byword in the States for betrayal.  What was this general's name?

 

 

 

Possible Answers:

Marquis de Lafayette

Benedict Arnold

Vidkun Quisling

William Alexander

James Clinton

Correct answer:

Benedict Arnold

Explanation:

Embittered by his experience with the Continental Army, General Benedict Arnold schemed to deliver the American fort of West Point to the British.  Today, his name remains tarnished in the USA for his actions.

Example Question #1 : Facts And Details In Intellectual And Cultural History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

The Mesoamerican cultures do not include which of the following major civilizations?

Possible Answers:

The Olmec

The Toltec

The Aztec

The Maya

The Iroquois

Correct answer:

The Iroquois

Explanation:

The Iroquois are a Native American tribe found outside of the mesoamerican time period and geography.

Example Question #1 : U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

The Half-Way Covenant was passed to             .

Possible Answers:

Eliminate non-conformists elements from the Puritan church

Ease membership requirements for the Puritan church 

Enforce stricter entrance requirements into the Puritan church

Maintain a secular government that still sustained a foundation of Christian ideals

Ensure that no non-Puritans could serve in political office in the colony of Massachusetts

Correct answer:

Ease membership requirements for the Puritan church 

Explanation:

Entry into the early Puritan church in the seventeenth-century American colonies required that the user be baptized and undergo a “full religious experience,” but the church began to decline rapidly in membership as the children and grand-children of the first generation Puritans were excluded from the full religious community. In an attempt to counter this trend, the Puritan church passed the Half-Way Covenant to allow for the baptism of children of the holders of the Covenant. The idea was that these children would still reap the social and moral lessons of the Puritan church and then later in life would come to experience the “born again” moment and become full members.

Example Question #1 : Facts And Details In Intellectual And Cultural History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Who wrote the pamphlets Common Sense and The Crisis to champion American independence?

Possible Answers:

Samuel Adams

Patrick Henry

Thomas Paine

Alexander Hamilton

Thomas Jefferson

Correct answer:

Thomas Paine

Explanation:

The writings of Thomas Paine, the Anglo-American revolutionary, inspired Americans to seek independence from Britain before their Revolutionary War.

Example Question #1 : Facts And Details In Intellectual And Cultural History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Benjamin Franklin was all of the following EXCEPT:

Possible Answers:

A diplomat

A delegate to the Constitutional Convention

An inventor

A decorated soldier

A signer of the Declaration of Independence

Correct answer:

A decorated soldier

Explanation:

Benjamin Franklin, one of the Founding Fathers, never served in the army.

Example Question #2 : U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

What is the name of the city in which the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were both written?

Possible Answers:

Richmond

Washington, D.C.

New York

Boston

Philadelphia

Correct answer:

Philadelphia

Explanation:

The Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were both written at Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

← Previous 1 3
Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors