SAT II US History : Facts and Details in U.S. Political History from Pre-Columbian to 1789

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

"The only maxim of a free government ought to be to trust no man living with power to endanger the public liberty."

The statement above was made by:

Possible Answers:

John Adams

George Washington

James Madison

Alexander Hamilton

Benjamin Franklin

Correct answer:

John Adams

Explanation:

John Adams said this. As one of the founding fathers, he was instrumental in writing the Declaration of Independence with Thomas Jefferson. He was the second President of the United States, and appointed John Marshall as chief justice. In doing so, he pushed to elevate the judicial branch to a point of equality with the legislative and executive branches.  

He also wrote Thoughts on Government, which laid out legislatures with upper and lower houses and became the basis of many state constitutions.  

Example Question #11 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

How many states were needed to ratify the Constitution?

Possible Answers:

Thirteen

Nine

Eleven

Seven

Six

Correct answer:

Nine

Explanation:

Legally it only required that nine of the thirteen states ratify the Constitution before it went into effect as the supreme governing document of the United States. The first state to ratify was Delaware and the ninth was New Hampshire. Although it is worth noting that most politicians agreed that all thirteen states had to ratify the Constitution before it could be considered infallible, and the Union could be considered properly established, debate in Virginia and New York raged heatedly, with both states ratifying soon after New Hampshire. Only North Carolina and Rhode Island took significantly longer—North Carolina joining in November of 1789, and Rhode Island in May, 1790.

Example Question #11 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What was the name given to the collection of essays produced by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison, which defended the U.S. Constitution and the principles on which our government was based?

Possible Answers:

The Federalist Papers

Constituional Interpretation

The Articles of Confederation

The Essays of Constitutionality

The Rights of Man

Correct answer:

The Federalist Papers

Explanation:

John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison promoted the ratification of the U.S. Constitution through their series of essays called The Federalist Papers.

Example Question #12 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

"Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!"

 

The above quote is attributed to which Founding Father and post-colonial Governor of Virginia?

Possible Answers:

George Washington

Thomas Jefferson

James Madison

John Jay

Patrick Henry

Correct answer:

Patrick Henry

Explanation:

Patrick Henry is credited with having delivered these words to the Virginia Convention in his successful effort to commit Virginia troops to the Revolutionary War effort.

Example Question #13 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

The Great Compromise of 1787 resulted in what?

Possible Answers:

A solution for the tensions between Native Americans and settlers west of the Appalachian Mountains

The final peace treaty between the U.S. and Britain

Two houses of Congress

A balance between newly admitted slave and free states

A boundary between Canada and the U.S.

Correct answer:

Two houses of Congress

Explanation:

The Great Compromise of 1787 resulted in the formation of two houses of Congress (The House of Representatives and the Senate): one based on population, the other giving equal representation to all states.

Example Question #14 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

Which of the following colonies was among those governed directly by the people?

Possible Answers:

New York 

Rhode Island

Pennsylvania

Georgia 

Maryland

Correct answer:

Rhode Island

Explanation:

Rhode Island and Connecticut were the only two self-governing colonies. They were both founded by dissenters from the Massachusetts Bay colony and directly elected the governor and representatives to the upper and lower houses. Maryland, Pennsylvania, Georgia, and New York were all governed by a proprietor.

Example Question #22 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

The Treaty of Fontainebleau (1762)                       .

Possible Answers:

ceded control of the Louisiana territory to Spain 

ended the French-Indian Wars

was an attempt to end the French-Indian Wars that quickly failed

ceded control of French colonial possessions in North America to Great Britain 

ceded control of Florida to Great Britain

Correct answer:

ceded control of the Louisiana territory to Spain 

Explanation:

The Treaty of Fontainebleau was a secret agreement made between Spain and France towards the end of the French-Indian Wars. Realizing that they were likely to lose the Seven Years’ War with Great Britain, the French government desired that the territory of Louisiana should fall into the hands of the Spanish before Great Britain could get a hold of it. The stated reason at the time was to ensure that the citizens living there would remain under Catholicism; however, most historians believe the geopolitical situation with Britain was of greater significance. The Treaty of Paris (1763) ended the French-Indian Wars and gave Britain control of the Eastern portion of the Louisiana territory and ensured that Spain would control the Western portion and the major port city of New Orleans. 

Example Question #15 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

Which Founding Father is also considered the "Father of the Constitution?"

Possible Answers:

Benjamin Franklin

James Madison

John Adams

Thomas Jefferson

Alexander Hamilton

Correct answer:

James Madison

Explanation:

James Madison, the fourth President of the United States, is considered the "Father of the Constitution" for his role in drafting it and the Bill of Rights.

Example Question #16 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What was the name of the agreement signed in 1620 in Plymouth, Massachusetts by the Pilgrims wherein they promised to cooperate and to consult one another about laws for the colony?

Possible Answers:

The Magna Carta

The Mayflower Compact

The Plymouth Compact

The Pilgrim Accord

The Mayflower Charter

Correct answer:

The Mayflower Compact

Explanation:

On November 11th, 1620, while still aboard the Mayflower, most adult Pilgrim men signed the Mayflower Compact.

Example Question #17 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What was the famous 1787 compromise between slave and free states, in which 3/5ths of a state's slave population would be counted toward that state's congressional representation, called?

Possible Answers:

The Wilson and Sherman Pact

The 1787 Resolution

Sherman's Law

The Three-Fifths Compromise

The Compromise of 1787

Correct answer:

The Three-Fifths Compromise

Explanation:

Conceived by Roger Sherman and James Wilson, both delegates to the Philadelphia Convention of 1787, the Three-Fifths Compromise established the weight of a state's slave population toward the number of its members to the House of Representatives.

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