SAT II US History : Facts and Details in Social History from Pre-Columbian History to 1789

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #11 : Facts And Details In Social History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of the Mississippian culture of pre-Columbian America?

Possible Answers:

Agriculture based around corn

Nomadic hunting of buffalo

None of the other answers

Trade around rivers and other waterways

Mound building

Correct answer:

Nomadic hunting of buffalo

Explanation:

The Mississippian culture flourished in the Mississippi Valley from roughly 800 CE to 1500 CE. The Mississippians were best known as mound builders: they developed small cities by building giant pyramids from soil around corn based agriculture. Trade between these cities occurred mostly around watersheds and rivers. None of the Mississippian cultures were nomadic in any way.

Example Question #12 : Facts And Details In Social History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Arthur Miller’s 1953 play, The Crucible, is based upon what series of prosecutions and hearings that occurred in Massachusetts Bay between 1692 and 1693?

Possible Answers:

The Salem Witch Trials

The Witches of Ipswich Trials

The Andover Witch Trials

The Witch Trials of Massachusetts

The New England Witch Trials

Correct answer:

The Salem Witch Trials

Explanation:

The Crucible is based on the Salem Witch Trials.

Example Question #13 : Facts And Details In Social History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Which of the following statements is true about the early settlers of the Jamestown colony?

Possible Answers:

The Jamestown colonists had civil and peaceful relations with the neighboring Native American tribes.

Religion was a significant motivating factor for most of the Jamestown colonists.

Jamestown's colonists sought to have significant ties with other English colonists.

Very few colonists survived for a significant length of time at Jamestown.

The Jamestown colonists were mostly from wealthy families who were trying to increase their prestige.

Correct answer:

Very few colonists survived for a significant length of time at Jamestown.

Explanation:

After its foundation in 1603, Jamestown was plagued with a number of issues, including frequent attacks from Native American groups, disease, and bad harvests. Jamestown was founded as a business venture, which did little to help the colony prosper. In its first few decades, Jamestown witnessed the death of most people who arrived from England and was significantly detached from English culture and other North American colonies.

Example Question #11 : Facts And Details In Social History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Which of the following groups was not a supporter of the Patriot cause in the American Revolution?

Possible Answers:

Middle-class professionals

Farmers

Slaves

Lawyers

Merchants

Correct answer:

Slaves

Explanation:

The Patriots were a vast majority of American colonists in 1775 and 1776, although it was not true that every colonist was a Patriot. The key groups that remained Loyalists were colonial officials, non-English colonists, and slaves, who were promised emancipation by British officials if they fought for the British government.

Example Question #14 : Facts And Details In Social History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Free blacks were rare in the Colonial period, which of these is not a way that enslaved blacks could legally gain or maintain freedom?

Possible Answers:

If their mothers were white

If they were descendants of early indentured servants

If their owners freed them

If they escaped from a territory that allowed slavery, to one that did not

If they bought their freedom with savings earned from outside jobs

Correct answer:

If they escaped from a territory that allowed slavery, to one that did not

Explanation:

Free slaves numbered only in the thousands in the Colonial period, but they were an important social factor, being both reminders of the humanity of blacks and as a symbol to those blacks still enslaved. A slave could gain freedom if their mother was white, if their owner freed them or if they were able to buy their freedom (almost impossible). Those who were descendants of indentured servants had been brought over at a time when slavery had not yet been embraced and maintained their freedom, legally, throughout their lives. However, those slaves that escaped from a slave owning territory to one in which slavery was illegal were still considered property of their masters and legally had to be returned.

Example Question #14 : Facts And Details In Social History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Maryland Colony was first founded as a haven for which of the following groups?

Possible Answers:

Puritans

Quakers

Huguenots

Loyalists

Catholics

Correct answer:

Catholics

Explanation:

Maryland Colony was founded in the 1630s by the Calverts, a prominent family of English Catholics, as a haven for persecuted Catholics from Britain. Massachusetts was the colony founded by and for the Puritans, while Pennsylvania was the colony founded by and for the Quakers (also other religious groups were welcome there). Huguenots started to migrate to North America in large numbers decades after Maryland was founded, and they settled in several colonies. Loyalists only became a distinct, persecuted group once the colonies revolted and gained independence in the late 18th century, and creating a haven for them had nothing to do with the founding of Maryland roughly 150 years earlier.

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