SAT II Math II : Solving Equations

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II Math II

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Example Questions

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Example Question #11 : Single Variable Algebra

Solve the equation:  

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Add two on both sides.

Divide by three on both sides.

The answer is:  

Example Question #11 : Solving Equations

Solve:  

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To isolate the x-variable, multiply both sides by the coefficient of the x-variable.

The answer is:  

Example Question #11 : Solving Equations

Give the solution set of the following rational equation:

Possible Answers:

No solution

Correct answer:

No solution

Explanation:

Multiply both sides of the equation by  to eliminate the fraction:

Subtract  from both sides:

The only possible solution is , However, if this is substituted in the original equation, the expression at left is undefined, as seen here:

An expression with a denominator of 0 has an undefined value, so this statement is false. The equation has no solution.

Example Question #21 : Single Variable Algebra

Give the set of all real solutions of the following equation: 

Possible Answers:

None of these

Correct answer:

Explanation:

 can be seen to fit the perfect square trinomial pattern:

The equation can therefore be rewritten as

Multiply both sides of the equation by the least common denominator of the expressions, which is :

This can be solved using the  method. We are looking for two integers whose sum is  and whose product is . Through some trial and error, the integers are found to be  and , so the above equation can be rewritten, and solved using grouping, as

By the Zero Product Principle, one of these factors is equal to zero:

Either: 

Or:

Both solutions can be confirmed by substitution; the solution set is .

Example Question #11 : Solving Equations

Solve:  

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To solve for x, multiply by negative one-third on both sides.

The answer is:  

Example Question #12 : Solving Equations

Solve the equation:  

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Add nine on both sides.

Divide by negative six on both sides.

The answer is:  

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