SAT II Math I : Single-Variable Algebra

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II Math I

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Example Questions

Example Question #2 : Simplifying Expressions

Which of the following linear binomials is a factor of the polynomial ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

By the factor theorem, a polynomial  is divisible by the linear binomial  if and only if . We can use this fact to test each of the binomials by evaluating the dividend for the appropriate value of .

 

: Evaluate the polynomial at :

 

: Evaluate the polynomial at :

 

: Evaluate the polynomial at :

 

: Evaluate the polynomial at :

 

: Evaluate the polynomial at :

 

The dividend assumes the value of 0 at , so of the choices given,  is the factor.

Example Question #2 : Simplifying Expressions

What is  increased by 40%?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

A number increased by 40% is equivalent to 100% of the number plus 40% of the number. This is taking 140% of the number, or, equivalently, multiplying it by 1.4.

Therefore,  increased by 40% is 1.4 times this, or

Example Question #1 : Simplifying Expressions

Which of the following is a prime factor of  ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

 is the difference of two squares:

As such, it can be factored as follows:

The first factor is the sum of cubes and the second is the difference of cubes; each can be factored further:

Therefore, 

Of the choices,  appears in the prime factorization and is therefore the correct choice.

Example Question #3 : Simplifying Expressions

Decrease  by 20%. Which of the following will this be equal to?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

A number decreased by 20% is equivalent to 100% of the number minus 20% of the number. This is taking 80% of the number, or, equivalently, multiplying it by 0.8. 

Therefore,  decreased by 20% is 0.8 times this, or

Example Question #1 : Simplifying Expressions

Divide: 

 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Divide termwise:

Example Question #1 : Simplifying Expressions

Simplify the expression:

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To solve this problem, we first need to factor the numerator. We are looking for two numbers that multiply to equal -8 and sum to equal 2.

Now, we can write out our expression in fraction form.

Since we have the like term  in the numerator and denominator, we can cancel them out of our expression.

Thus, our answer is .

Example Question #1 : Simplifying Expressions

Simplify:

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To simplify, we begin by simplifying the numerator. When muliplying like bases with different exponents, their exponents are added.

For x:

For y:

For z:

The numerator is now .

When dividing like bases, their exponents are subtracted.

For x:

For y:

For z:

Thus, our answer is .

Example Question #11 : Simplifying Expressions

Decrease  by 30%. Which of the following will this be equal to?

Possible Answers:

The correct answer is not among the other responses.

Correct answer:

Explanation:

A number decreased by 30% is equivalent to 100% of the number minus 30% of the number. This is taking 70% of the number, or, equivalently, multiplying it by 0.7. 

Therefore,  decreased by 30% is 0.7 times this, or

Example Question #112 : Single Variable Algebra

The polynomial  is divisible by the linear binomial . Evaluate .

Possible Answers:

None of the other choices gives the correct answer.

Correct answer:

Explanation:

By the factor theorem, a polynomial  is divisible by the linear binomial  if and only if . Therefore, we want the value of  that makes the polynomial equal to 0 when evaluated at .

Example Question #112 : Single Variable Algebra

Factor:

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

 can be rewritten as  and is therefore the sum of two cubes. As such, it can be factored using the pattern

where .

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