Recent Tutoring Session Reviews
"We covered algebra concepts. We covered quadratic equations. We discovered that the problem the student has is going too quickly and missing points here and there. As long as he slows down and checks to make sure that every step is covered he does well and gets the answers, so we'll work on that."
"We went over DNA replication, RNA transcription, and review questions. We went over study strategies and plans for her to take her tests on Thursday and then Saturday."
"The student said he received a 9 out of 15 on that last quiz, however, he has not seen the actual quiz so I do not know where he made his mistakes. Today the only difficulty he had was remembering the difference between the "building blocks" of proteins and DNA. So we reviewed amino acids are the building blocks of protein and nucleotides are that of DNA. He seemed to forgot what the "A G C T's" we keep talking about are. This little stumble happened upon discussion of a polymerase chain reaction, which was talked about in detail, and he later was able to explain what it is and why it is used. The student has a 50 multiple choice test tomorrow over biotechnology and cloning so we reviewed all concepts from how scientists use an egg donor, DNA donor, and surrogate mother. We went over stem cells and the difference between adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells and the process used to convert epithelial cells into induced pluripotent cells. We discussed restriction enzymes are proteins that come from bacteria used in protection and the student is good on sticky-ends and blunt-ends, he even knew palindromic so it looks like this part was solidified. A new thing was genetic markers and satellite DNA which is just repeated DNA. One of the slides had selection with X-gal and Amp, but the concept is a bit tricky I think it is out of scope of this class so we only discussed the transformation of a plasmid that contains Amp-resistant gene and how all bacterial cells that grow on a plate with ampicillin may of may not have recombinant DNA if the scientist was trying to splice a human gene in the plasmid before transformation. Other than that I am updating his quiz and had him watch the videos from last week he has not yet watched."
"We discussed specific types of evidence that can be used to demonstrate climate: human documentation, glacial melting, biome changes, paleoclimatology. We also discussed study habits for biology."
"We discussed study strategies for memorization and repetition. We went over: Blood supply of the face, arterial and venous flow facial vein draining into cavernous sinus, how infections from the face can spread to the brain, muscles of mastication, action and innervation TMJ, symptoms and causes, and how the joint works. Submandibular region - Contents, including muscles, nerves, blood vessels, glands and lymph nodes. Function of the muscles and innervations, middle meningeal artery path, and why it's susceptible to injury from head trauma. Foramen spinosum, ovale, stylomastoid foramen, anterior, middle, and posterior cranial fossa in great detail, including contents of each of them, the foramina contained and what passes through those foramina. Layers of meninges in detail - Cerebral venous sinuses in detail (superior sagittal, inf. sagittal, confluence of sinuses, straight sinus, transverse, sigmoid, and internal jugular vein)."
"We discussed the basics of inferential statistics including the difference between population and sample. We discussed sampling distributions, and how you have a larger sample, you can make a more accurate inference about a population. We began to discuss the null and alternative hypothesis within the context of scientific testing. We ended with a discussion of type 1 and 2 errors (false positives and false negatives). She seems to have an easy time comprehending this material."