NCLEX : Antiviral Pharmacology

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for NCLEX

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Example Questions

Example Question #171 : Pharmacology

Foscarent is toxic to which of the following organs?

Possible Answers:

Liver

Kidneys

Bladder

Heart

Correct answer:

Kidneys

Explanation:

Foscarent can cause damage to the kidneys. To reduce the damaging effect, the patient may be put on intravenous fluids.

Example Question #91 : Drug Identification

What is acyclovir's mechanism of action?

Possible Answers:

M2 channel inhibitor

Guanosine analog

Neuraminidase inhibitor

Reverse transcriptase blocker

Correct answer:

Guanosine analog

Explanation:

Acyclovir is a guanosine analog, which works by inhibiting viral DNA polymerase. This slows down the rate at which viruses can replicate. Acyclovir is used primarily in the treatment of herpes simplex viruses 1 and 2, chickenpox, and shingles.

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