LSAT Logical Reasoning : Determining which answer best expresses the point at issue

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for LSAT Logical Reasoning

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Example Questions

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Example Question #21 : Point At Issue

Cynthia: People who graduate from college have higher salaries and report higher levels of happiness than those who do not graduate from college.

Don: I disagree. People who do not attend college have more earning years, are burdened by less debt, and are more likely to start families than college graduates.

Cynthia and Don disagree about which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Whether a college degree can lead to more happiness

Whether college dropouts are better off than college graduates

The advantages and disadvantages of college graduation

Whether those who attend college accumulate debt

Whether college can lead to higher-paying jobs

Correct answer:

The advantages and disadvantages of college graduation

Explanation:

Cynthia and Don disagree about the advantages and disadvantages of college graduation. They do not disagree about whether a college degree can lead to more happiness. Cynthia only comments that college graduates report higher levels of happiness than those who do not graduate. They also do not disagree about whether college dropouts are better off than college graduates, but rather whether all non-college graduates are. Here, the simplest answer is the most correct one.

Example Question #21 : Determining Which Answer Best Expresses The Point At Issue

Sam: No person should ever be made to alter their religious beliefs by government decree, which the new law threatens with its vague language.

John: The new law does not allow anyone to violate another person's religion, which is precisely why the language in the law had to be vague.

The point at issue in this argument is best stated as __________.

Possible Answers:

whether vague laws are able to be effective in reality

whether religion should be protected by legislative means

whether religion has a role to play in government

whether government should do anything to interfere in religious beliefs

whether the language in the law allows someone's religion to be violated

Correct answer:

whether the language in the law allows someone's religion to be violated

Explanation:

While the argument is over a law about the protection of religion, the issue is not about the relation between religion and government, as both sides agree that religion should be in some way protected from interference. The issue is whether the law's language, and especially its vagueness, appropriately protects an individual's religious beliefs.

Example Question #22 : Determining Which Answer Best Expresses The Point At Issue

Sandy: Many video games are detrimental to the mental development of children. They encourage violent behavior and provide very few benefits for children’s creative faculties.

 

Robert: My objection to preventing children from playing video games is that they encourage foresight, logical deductions and are fun for the children.

Sandy and Robert’s statements provide the strongest support for holding that they disagree with each other over whether

Possible Answers:

Video games help children develop into socially responsible adults.

Whether video games are socially valuable.

Video games encourage children to make logical deductions.

Video games help children’s creative faculties.

Children should be allowed to play video games.

Correct answer:

Children should be allowed to play video games.

Explanation:

Only the correct answer is one that both Robert and Sandy are shown to disagree over. The other are simply arguments that one or the other makes that go unrefuted by their opponent.

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