ISEE Upper Level Verbal : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, or Location

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #31 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ENERVATE

Possible Answers:

Enfeeble

Time

Dash

Fortify

Recite

Correct answer:

Enfeeble

Explanation:

"Enervate" is a verb that means "cause (someone) to feel drained of energy or vitality; weaken." So, we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like "weaken." "Fortify" cannot be the correct answer, then, because "fortify" can mean "strengthen or invigorate (someone) mentally or physically," making it an antonym, not a synonym, of "enervate." "Enfeeble," however, is a verb that means "make weak or feeble," and because "enfeeble" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "enervate," "enfeeble" is the correct answer.

Example Question #31 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

REFINE

Possible Answers:

Small

Adjudicate

Dusted

Purify

Powdery

Correct answer:

Purify

Explanation:

When something is refined, it is cleansed of any impurities. For instance, one might say, “The water is refined so as to contain no solids by boiling the fluid and capturing only the vapor that rises from it.”

Example Question #33 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ADULTERATE

Possible Answers:

Corrupt

Purify

Simmer

Vex

Matriculate

Correct answer:

Corrupt

Explanation:

The word "adulterate" is a verb that means to corrupt the purity of by adding an impure element to something. The best choice is "corrupt," since it is a part of the definition of "adulterate." Considering the other choices, "purify" is an antonym of "adulterate" that means to remove impurities or corruption, "matriculate" means to register at a college or university, "vex" means to annoy, and "simmer" means heat to a temperature just below boiling.

Example Question #32 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

DEVASTATE

Possible Answers:

Augment

Raze

Refine

Limit

Respond

Correct answer:

Raze

Explanation:

The word "devastate" is a verb which can mean to utterly destroy. "Raze," which also means to destroy, is the best choice. Considering the other choices, "augment" means add to, "respond" means react to, and "refine" means make better.

Example Question #33 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ABRIDGE

Possible Answers:

Hallow

Bolster

Shorten

Chaperone

Excavate

Correct answer:

Shorten

Explanation:

To “abridge” a text means to edit it by leaving out parts in order to make it shorter, so "shorten" is the correct answer. As for the other answer choices, “bolster” means improve; “chaperone” means accompany someone or a group in order to make sure that person or group doesn't misbehave; “excavate” means dig up; and “hallow” means make holy.

Example Question #36 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CURTAIL

Possible Answers:

Undertake

Coda

Appraise

Limit

Prolong

Correct answer:

Limit

Explanation:

Since "curtail" is a verb which means "reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on," we need to pick out another verb that means something like "lessen." While "coda" may sound like an attractive answer choice because it means "tail" in Italian and specifically refers to the conclusion of a piece of music, it doesn't mean "lessen," so it can't be the correct answer. Of the listed answer choices, "limit" is closest in meaning to "lessen," so "limit" is the correct answer.

Example Question #37 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

MITIGATE

Possible Answers:

Procure

Perceive

Alleviate

Exacerbate

Jeopardize

Correct answer:

Alleviate

Explanation:

Since "mitigate" is a verb that means "make less severe, serious, or painful," we need to pick out a verb that means something like "assuage." While "exacerbate" might look like a good answer choice, "exacerbate" actually means "make a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling worse," so it is an antonym of "mitigate" and not the word we're looking for. "Alleviate," which means "make suffering, deficiency, or a problem less severe," is the answer choice closest in meaning to "mitigate," so it is the correct answer.

Example Question #34 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ATROPHY

Possible Answers:

Developing

Wasting away

Suspending

Continuing

Competing

Correct answer:

Wasting away

Explanation:

An example of "atrophy" is when muscles atrophy there is a decrease in muscle mass.  Thus, the best definition of atrophy is wasting away or shrinking.

Example Question #35 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

BLIGHT

Possible Answers:

Wilt

Fragment

Weld

Construct

Destroy

Correct answer:

Destroy

Explanation:

If something is blighted, it means it is destroyed or ruined.  For instance, crops can be blighted due to weather conditions.

Example Question #40 : Synonyms: Verbs About Physical Changes, Movement, Or Location

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CAVORT

Possible Answers:

Plot

Wander

Amble

Caper

Meddle

Correct answer:

Caper

Explanation:

"Cavort" is a verb that means "jump or dance around excitedly," or, informally, "apply oneself enthusiastically to sexual or disreputable pursuits." So, while we need to pick out an answer choice that has to do with movement, "amble" cannot be the correct answer because "amble" means "walk or move at a slow, relaxed pace," where "cavort" describes excited movement. "Caper," a word that when used as a verb means "skip or dance about in a lively or playful way," is the correct answer because it is the answer choice closest in meaning to "cavort."

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