ISEE Upper Level Verbal : Synonyms: Prefixes from Latin

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #71 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CEREBRATE

Possible Answers:

Ignore

Protest

Outlaw

Disguise

Reason

Correct answer:

Reason

Explanation:

In Latin the prefix cereb- means related to the brain. So, to "cerebrate" means to think, to reason, to think carefully and logically. "Cereb-" is an extremely strong push toward this question being focused on the brain or thinking, and "reason" was the only option that had anything to do with mental processes.

Example Question #71 : Synonyms: Prefixes From Latin

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CLAMOR

Possible Answers:

Disagree

Outline

Agree

Yell

Whisper

Correct answer:

Yell

Explanation:

The prefix clam- means shout, speak out about. So the word "clamor" means to yell, to speak out passionately about. "Clamor" has nothing to do with agreeing or disagreeing, and "whisper" is an antonym to "clamor."

Example Question #73 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

DIGRESSION

Possible Answers:

Ambition

Departure

Delight

Reluctance

Acceptance

Correct answer:

Departure

Explanation:

The Latin prefix di- means away, apart, opposite, as in "disappear" which means vanish, away from sight. So, a "digression" is a departure from the main point, something apart from the thesis. Additionally, "reluctance" is the state of not wanting to do something; "delight" is happiness, joy; "ambition" is a passionate desire to achieve success

Example Question #74 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CLAMOR

Possible Answers:

Shout

Forgive

Declare

Narrate

Whisper

Correct answer:

Shout

Explanation:

The Latin prefix clam- means shout, yell, as in "proclaim" which means announce, speak about publicly. So, "clamor" means to shout and yell for something

Example Question #75 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PREAMBLE

Possible Answers:

Glossary

Introduction

Thesis

Conclusion

Index

Correct answer:

Introduction

Explanation:

The Latin prefix pre- means before, as in "prediction" or "prevent." So, a "preamble" is the introduction to a written work. "Conclusion" is an antonym "introduction" and "preamble." The rest of the terms are academic terms, or sections of a book but are not directly related to "preamble."

Example Question #76 : Synonyms: Prefixes From Latin

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CARNAL

Possible Answers:

Erotic

Implicit

Outlandish

Explicit

Despotic

Correct answer:

Erotic

Explanation:

The Latin prefix carn- means related to the body or flesh, meat, as in "carnivorous" which means meat-eater. So, "carnal" means related to sexual desire, erotic. Additionally, "despotic" means autocratic, the rule of one man with absolute power; "outlandish" means eccentric, bizarre and outrageous; "implicit" means suggested at, but not directly expressed; "explicit" means directly expressed with no hidden meaning

Example Question #77 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

VERISIMILITUDE

Possible Answers:

Originality

Serendipity

Deity

Ingenuity

Authenticity

Correct answer:

Authenticity

Explanation:

The Latin prefix ver- means truth, honesty, as in "verify," which means to confirm that something is true. So, "verisimilitude" means the appearance of being true, authenticity, plausibility, realism. Additionally, a "deity" is a God; "serendipity" is the occurrence of something through good fortune, providence, luck; "originality" is the quality of being original and unique; "ingenuity" is the quality of being inventive and creative.

Example Question #76 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SOMNOLENT

Possible Answers:

Grumpy

Hungry

Cheerful

Sleepy

Greedy

Correct answer:

Sleepy

Explanation:

The Latin prefix somn- means sleep, as in "somnambulist," which means sleepwalker. So, "somnolent" means tired, drowsy, sleepy. "Grumpy" is an adjective used to describe people or behavior that is ill tempered. "Cheerful" is an antonym to "grumpy."

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