ISEE Upper Level Verbal : Synonyms: Other Adjectives

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #836 : Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

LATENT

Possible Answers:

Amazing

Drastic

Dormant

Magical

Mystical

Correct answer:

Dormant

Explanation:

The word "latent" comes from roots meaning hidden. A "latent" ability is one that is unknown and hidden to the one who possesses it. When something is "dormant" it is hidden in this way as well. The word "dormant" comes from the Latin for to sleep. It is as if something that is "dormant" is hidden because it is sleeping. (Think of a "dormant volcano," meaning one that is not active. Its power is hidden, so to speak.)

Example Question #837 : Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CULPABLE

Possible Answers:

Condemned

Imprisoned

Responsible

Inert

Fundamental

Correct answer:

Responsible

Explanation:

The word "culpable" comes from the Latin "culpa," meaning guilt. A culpable person is a guilty person. Thus, the best answer is "responsible." This is meant in the sense of saying that someone is guilty, as when we say, "He was responsible for the crime." Now, "condemned" and "imprisoned" may be tempting, but culpability is first and foremost about guilt. Whether or not it causes condemnation or imprisonment is secondary. Culpability is a matter of inherent responsibility, not the results of the action for which the person is responsible.

Example Question #838 : Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

HEINOUS

Possible Answers:

Illegal

Atrocious

Fearful

Criminal

Terrifying

Correct answer:

Atrocious

Explanation:

For this question, you need to be very exact when considering potential options. Often, we hear the word "heinous" used to describe a crime. This means that the given crime is extremely wicked or horrible. Among the options provided here, only "atrocious" is an appropriate synonym. Many "heinous" things are "illegal," "criminal," and "terrifying;" however the word first and foremost describes something that is extremely terrible and immoral.

Example Question #839 : Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

LUDICROUS

Possible Answers:

Infantile

Engaging

Immature

Illogical

Preposterous

Correct answer:

Preposterous

Explanation:

Something that is "ludicrous" is ridiculous, amusing, and utterly foolish. While such things could be considered illogical, the word "illogical" does not exactly capture the ridiculousness expressed by the word "ludicrous." Thus, among the options provided, the only one that is appropriate is "preposterous," which means completely insane or crazy.

Example Question #840 : Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

LAMENTABLE

Possible Answers:

Crying

Pernicious

Harmful

Wretched

Redundant

Correct answer:

Wretched

Explanation:

To "lament" something means to express sorrow or grief over that thing. Something that is "lamentable" is something that causes grief or sorrow for an understandable reason. Now, while it may cause sorrow, the primary meaning of a lamentable event or thing is horrible or extremely bad. Because it is so bad, it causes grief, but "lamentable" first and foremost indicates such a terrible situation. Thus, the best option among those given is "wretched", meaning horrible.

Example Question #841 : Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

FAMISHED

Possible Answers:

Hungry

Ravenous

Tedious

Neglected

Dying

Correct answer:

Ravenous

Explanation:

The word "famished" describes someone who is extremely hungry. For this reason, the option "ravenous" is a much better option than "hungry," for "ravenous" means exactly what you need for this question—very hungry. Perhaps you have heard of someone being said to have a "ravenous appetite". This means that he or she has a very large appetite.

Example Question #842 : Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

HINDER

Possible Answers:

Placate

Detract

Impede

Trace

Expose

Correct answer:

Impede

Explanation:

You likely know the word "hinder" as meaning to make (something) difficult. Thus, if stones were to roll across a major mountain road, such a situation would hinder the flow of traffic. The word "impede" means to delay by adding to the difficulty of a situation. It comes from the same Latin roots as the word "foot," actually. (Think of related words like "pedal" and "pedestrian".) It literally means to place on the foot—im + pede. If you placed something on your foot, it certainly would impede your travel!

Example Question #843 : Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

DESTITUTE

Possible Answers:

Disheartened

Impoverished

Depressed

Excluded

Conquered

Correct answer:

Impoverished

Explanation:

When someone is in a state of "destitution," he or she is in a state of absolute poverty, so much so that he or she cannot provide for day-to-day living. Thus, the adjective "destitute" describes such a person. While none of the options describe extreme poverty, "impoverished" is the only one that indicates the state of lacking money. Hence, this is the best option among those provided.

Example Question #844 : Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

MUNIFICENT

Possible Answers:

Magnanimous

Mordant

Pervasive

Political

Obtuse

Correct answer:

Magnanimous

Explanation:

"Munificent" is an adjective meaning overly generous or philanthropic. "Magnanimous" is a close synonym meaning especially kind or generous. "Obtuse" means stubborn or foolish, "mordant" means biting, or critical and is often associated with dry humor, "political" means having to do with government, and "pervasive" means common or deeply ingrained.

Example Question #845 : Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PARCHED

Possible Answers:

Thirsty

Tired

Energetic

Maudlin

Hungry

Correct answer:

Thirsty

Explanation:

"Parched," when used to describe a person means very thirsty. "Parched," when used to describe the land means dried up, lacking water. To provide further help, "maudlin" means overly sentimental

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