ISEE Upper Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns for Tangible Things

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Nouns For Tangible Things

Answer the following question by selecting the word that is most nearly the same in meaning as the word in capital letters.

DROSS

Possible Answers:

nonchalance

contusion

referendum

sybarite

dregs

Correct answer:

dregs

Explanation:

"Dross" and "dregs" both mean remains or refuse. "Nonchalance" means apathy or indifference. "Contusion" means a bruise or injury. "Referendum" means a popular vote on an issue. "Sybarite" means a hedonist or someone who loves luxury

Example Question #2 : Synonyms: Nouns For Tangible Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PRECIPICE

Possible Answers:

Precursor

Crag

Plethora

Misanthrope

Deference

Correct answer:

Crag

Explanation:

"Precipice" and "crag" both mean a cliff or bluff. "Deference" means obedience or compliance. "Misanthrope" means someone who hates people. "Plethora" means excess or overabundance. "Precursor" means something that indicates an outcome or event beforehand

Example Question #3 : Synonyms: Nouns For Tangible Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PYRE

Possible Answers:

Bonfire

Stratagem

Gambol

Galleon

Quarry

Correct answer:

Bonfire

Explanation:

"Pyre" and "bonfire" are both synonyms. "Stratagem" means a trick or gimmick. "Quarry" means goal or aim. "Gambol" means to tumble playfully. "Galleon" means a large sailing ship

Example Question #4 : Synonyms: Nouns For Tangible Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

HOVEL

Possible Answers:

Shanty

Residue

Infection

Prophesy

Prodigy

Correct answer:

Shanty

Explanation:

A "hovel" is a shanty or a small and run-down cabin, so "shanty" is the correct answer. None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "hovel": "infection" means disease or the process of being infected with a disease; a "prodigy" is a young person with extraordinary abilities or skills; "prophesy" is a foretelling about what will happen in the future; and "residue" is whatever remains or is left.

Example Question #5 : Synonyms: Nouns For Tangible Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ABODE

Possible Answers:

Enemy

Indicated

Traveled

Residence

Presaged

Correct answer:

Residence

Explanation:

In an older usage, the word “abode” also functions as the past tense of “abide,” which means (in addition to its most common meanings today) “to continue, remain, or dwell.” Here, it is used in its more accepted sense of meaning “house” or “residence.”

Example Question #6 : Synonyms: Nouns For Tangible Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

DEARTH

Possible Answers:

Mirth

Moroseness

Excess

Lack

Enmity

Correct answer:

Lack

Explanation:

“Dearth” means lack or state of not having much or enough of something, so "lack" is the correct answer. “Excess” is an antonym of "dearth" and means the part of a quantity that is more than what is needed;“mirth” means joy, celebration and happiness; and “sulkiness” is petulance and a state in which one is disgruntled; and “enmity” means mutual dislike or hatred.

Example Question #7 : Synonyms: Nouns For Tangible Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CACOPHONY

Possible Answers:

Din

Prudence

Parity

Instrument

Asset

Correct answer:

Din

Explanation:

A “cacophony” is a harsh mixture of noise that is not pleasing to hear, also known as a “din” or a “racket.” As for the other answer choices, “asset” means something useful that offers some advantage, "prudence" is the ability to make smart, careful decisions in order to avoid future problems, and "parity" is equality.

Example Question #8 : Synonyms: Nouns For Tangible Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CHICANERY

Possible Answers:

Erudition

Edification

Remonstration

Accountability

Deception

Correct answer:

Deception

Explanation:

“Chicanery” is getting something from someone using dishonest trickery, so "deception" is the correct answer. As for the other answer choices, “edification” is moral improvement; “erudition” is knowledge and learning; “accountability” means responsibility; and a "remonstration" is complaint or protest.

Example Question #9 : Synonyms: Nouns For Tangible Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

EMBELLISHMENT

Possible Answers:

Adornment

Repartee

Fragment

Outcast

Perjury

Correct answer:

Adornment

Explanation:

An “embellishment” is something added to decorate something else; this is very close in meaning to an “adornment.” As for the other answer choices, a “fragment” is a portion or a part of a greater whole; “perjury” is lying in court under oath; an “outcast” is someone who is rejected by a social group; and “repartee” means witty conversation.

Example Question #10 : Synonyms: Nouns For Tangible Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

LAURELS

Possible Answers:

Grievances

Sentiments

Praise

Ideas

Homages

Correct answer:

Praise

Explanation:

“Laurels” are literally leaves from a laurel tree formed into a crown for a victor, but metaphorically, "laurels" can also mean praise for some accomplishment. The phrase "resting on one's laurels" uses this definition; it means not really trying very hard, but instead, coasting on the fame of one's previous successes. So, "praise" is the correct answer. As for the other answer choices, “sentiments” are one’s attitudes and opinions; “grievances” are things one disagrees with and takes issue with; and “homages” are things that are dedicated to someone or something.

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