ISEE Upper Level Verbal : Nouns in One-Blank Sentences

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #1082 : Psat Critical Reading

Although the famous philosopher did not charge a fee for giving lectures, most schools paid him a small __________ for his efforts.

Possible Answers:

amount

fortune

honorarium

tariff

bursary

Correct answer:

honorarium

Explanation:

When someone does not charge an official fee, such a person might be given a small gift in return for his or her services. Such a gift is called an “honorarium”—an honorary payment that is not considered as an official reimbursement as much as a gift.

Example Question #62 : Nouns In One Blank Sentences

While it is true that the modern car engine is overwhelming in its overall complexity, it is likewise true that almost every one of its __________ is likewise intricate.

Possible Answers:

machinations

conjunctions

pistons

components

cylinders

Correct answer:

components

Explanation:

The general sense of the sentence is that each of the parts of the complex engine is just as intricate as the overall engine. The word “component” means “a part,” particularly “a part of a machine.” The word comes from the Latin meaning “put together.” The “together” is derived from the “com-” prefix which you likely know means “with.” The second half of the word is derived from the Latin for “to put or place” and is related to many other English words such as “position,” “postpone,” and “proponent.”

Example Question #61 : Parts Of Speech In One Blank Sentences

Since the law had been passed by such a slim majority, the legislature decided to delay its official __________ until it had been adequately explained to the populace.

Possible Answers:

promulgation

publication

exposure

commentary

unveiling

Correct answer:

promulgation

Explanation:

The implication of the sentence is that while the law had been passed, it was not put into official force because it needed explanation to the people. Although several options might seem appropriate, the best word is “promulgation.” In a broad sense, the word means “the act of making something known to many.” It has the further restricted sense of making a law known to many. This fits well with this sentence’s needs.

Example Question #62 : Parts Of Speech In One Blank Sentences

The priestess sat alone in the shrine, surrounded by the wafting, smoky vapors that arose from the thuribles containing __________.

Possible Answers:

coals

perfumes

combustibles

incense

flammifers

Correct answer:

incense

Explanation:

For this sentence, there are two possible ways of finding the answer. If you know the word “thurible,” you will know that such devices are used for the burning of incense. This immediately provides the answer; however, if you do not know that vocabulary item, it is likely that you know that the burning of incense gives off “vapors” in a smoky form.

Example Question #171 : Sentence Completion Questions

The large dragon did not notice that its pile of coins was undergoing __________ right from under it as the pile dwindled from the steady taking of gold by the town thieves.

Possible Answers:

destruction

looting

diminution

burglary

larceny

Correct answer:

diminution

Explanation:

The key word is “dwindled,” which describes the pile as shrinking. When something shrinks in size, it is said to “diminish” or to undergo “diminution.” These words are likewise related to English words having the prefix “mini” such as “miniature,” “minute,” and “minimal.”

Example Question #62 : Parts Of Speech In One Blank Sentences

Because of his impeccable enunciation and vocal tone, Thomas was often asked to be the __________ at the town’s yearly reading of the classic Christmas tale.

Possible Answers:

crier

announcer

lector

mascot

Santa

Correct answer:

lector

Explanation:

Do not be fooled by the “Santa” or “mascot” options, which really have little to do with the description of Thomas’ enunciation and vocal tone. The most tempting trap answer is likely “announcer,” but one does not usually read a tale in the manner of being an announcer. (That type of proclamation more appropriately describes either an introduction to some other thing or the type of speaking done by one conveying some information at an event like a sports match.) The word “lector” literally means “reader.” While it is often used to describe one who reads scriptures in a church service, it does have the more general meaning of “reading.” It is derived from the Latin for “to read” and is related to English words like “legible,” “lectern,” and “lecture.”

Example Question #66 : Nouns In One Blank Sentences

The children stayed awake in _________, awaiting the late night return of their parents from their trip to the mountains.

Possible Answers:

fright

pajamas

agitation

vigil

exhaustion

Correct answer:

vigil

Explanation:

The sentence only implies that the children are staying awake instead of sleeping late at night. When someone keeps awake in this manner, it is called a “vigil.” The term often has religious overtones, for Christian monks would “keep vigil” by praying late at night (or very early in the morning, depending on one’s perspective); however, it has the general sense of being “awake.” When someone is “vigilant,” he or she keeps watch for dangers in a “wakeful” manner.

Example Question #67 : Nouns In One Blank Sentences

Before attempting to complete advanced studies in a given subject, it is first necessary to make sure that you have mastered its _________.

Possible Answers:

stages

summary

epitome

outlines

rudiments

Correct answer:

rudiments

Explanation:

The contrast in this sentence is between advanced studies and the basics necessary for them. The basic principles of a subject are called its “rudiments.” Something “rude” is something that is “uncultured” or (closer to its Latin bases) “unshaped” or “unmade.” When something is “rudimentary,” it is basic, not having been subjected to much elaboration and further development.

Example Question #61 : Nouns In One Blank Sentences

The students decided to undertake an __________ in order to explore the unknown tunnels under the school.

Possible Answers:

enquiry

itinerary

explanation

expedition

entourage

Correct answer:

expedition

Explanation:

Since the students are said to be exploring the unknown tunnels and not merely doing research on them, the best option for this sentence is “expedition.” An expedition is a trip organized for a particular goal. It is often used to describe scientific and military outings of this sort, though it has a more general sense as well.

Example Question #69 : Nouns In One Blank Sentences

On a number of occasions, Sebastian found the world spinning around him as he suffered from a bout of __________.

Possible Answers:

vertigo

spins

disease

infirmity

weakness

Correct answer:

vertigo

Explanation:

A “bout” of something is an abrupt incident of some kind of illness or activity. The word “vertigo” is the best option, for it is a condition resulting in a loss of balance and the feeling that the world is spinning. The word “spins” really is just a flippant trap word. Do not be tricked by it. The other options are too general, given that we have the very specific “vertigo.” The word comes from the Latin for “to turn.” A close relative is “vertiginous,” which means “causing vertigo” (such as a high cliff that overwhelms someone looking over its edge). Since it is derived from “to turn,” “vertigo” has many other relatives in English like “convert,” “divert,” “introvert,” and many others.

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