ISEE Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms: Roots from Latin

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #31 : Synonyms: Roots

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CREDIBLE

Possible Answers:

Accurate

Stable

Believing

Gullible

Trustworthy

Correct answer:

Trustworthy

Explanation:

"Credible" means believable or trustworthy. For example, a newspaper is credible if it has high reporting standards and rarely makes mistakes or reports inaccurate information. So, "trustworthy" is the correct answer.

Example Question #32 : Synonyms: Roots From Latin

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

BENEFICIAL

Possible Answers:

Sarcastic

Helpful

Calm

Deleterious 

Suspicious

Correct answer:

Helpful

Explanation:

"Beneficial" means useful or helpful, so "helpful" is the correct answer. To help you, "deleterious" is a synonym of harmful, and both words are antonyms of "beneficial." To further help you, "sarcastic" means humorous, ironic and not serious, and "suspicious" means doubtful.

Example Question #33 : Synonyms: Roots From Latin

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

METROPOLIS

Possible Answers:

Mountain

Suburb 

Jungle 

Empire 

City 

Correct answer:

City 

Explanation:

The prefix "metro­-" means related to the city or to city life. A “metropolis” is a big city. To provide further help, we call the towns just outside a big city “suburbs.” 

Example Question #32 : Synonyms: Roots

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PACIFIC

Possible Answers:

Calming

Western

Frigid

Deep

Expansive

Correct answer:

Calming

Explanation:

If you connected the adjective, "pacific," with the Pacific Ocean, you made a proper connection, though it probably didn't help you with the definition, as all of the options could describe that body of water. More helpful would be the related words "pacify" and "peace." These could lead you to connect the word "pacific" with its correct meaning of peaceful and calming.

Example Question #35 : Synonyms: Roots From Latin

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CARNIVORE

Possible Answers:

Herbivore

Meat-eater

Vegetarian

Omnivore

Voracious

Correct answer:

Meat-eater

Explanation:

The Latin root "carn" means meat or body, so a “carnivore” is a meat-eater. A “herbivore” is an animal that eats plants (the root "herb" meaning plants); a “vegetarian” is a human that does not eat meat; and an “omnivore” is an animal that eats both plants and meats, the prefix "omni-" meaning all. "Voracious" means extremely hungry or fervent.

Example Question #241 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

JUDGMENT

Possible Answers:

Resolve

Honesty

Nonsense

Wit

Sense

Correct answer:

Sense

Explanation:

The Latin root "jud" means law, so “judgment” is a ruling by a court of law. It can also refer to the ability to make good decisions or having good sense. “Nonsense” means speech or writing that makes no sense; “wit” is the ability to be funny by being clever; “resolve” is determination; and "honesty" is truthfulness.

Example Question #242 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CONFIDE

Possible Answers:

Understand

Mistrust

Reprimand

Misunderstand

Trust

Correct answer:

Trust

Explanation:

The Latin root "fid" means faith or trust, and the Latin prefix "con-" means with, so it makes sense that to “confide” means to put trust in and to tell secrets to someone. The Latin prefix "mis-" means not, so it makes sense that “mistrust” means to suspect and not trust and that “misunderstand” means to not understand, or to understand incorrectly. “Reprimand” means to punish for a relatively small wrongdoing.

Example Question #243 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PRESCRIBE

Possible Answers:

Ignore

Demonstrate

Portend

Will

Recommend

Correct answer:

Recommend

Explanation:

The root "scribe" means write, and the prefix "pre-" means before, so it makes sense that “prescribe” means recommend the use of (often specifically in the sense of a doctor recommending and authorizing that medicine be given to a patient), since when a doctor prescribes a patient a medication, he writes down a prescription; this means that "recommend" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "prescribe." " “Ignore” means purposely not pay attention to; “demonstrate” means show how something is done; “will” is intend or transfer property or money in a will (a document stating how you want your possessions distributed after your death); and “portend” means suggest at something negative happening in the future.

Example Question #244 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

MONOTONOUS

Possible Answers:

Defiant

Uninteresting

Convoluted

Productive

Enervated

Correct answer:

Uninteresting

Explanation:

The root "mono" means one, and the "-ton-" in "monotonous" derives from "tone," meaning sound, so it makes sense that “monotone” means producing one tone. However, it also means boringly uniform and uninteresting. "Uninteresting" is thus the correct answer. As for the other answer choices, "defiant" means rebellious; "convoluted" means complex or overly complex; "enervated" means having used up all of one's energy or exhausted; and "productive" means yielding useful results.

Example Question #245 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PERMANENT

Possible Answers:

Lasting

Frivolous

Acceptable

Considerable

Carefree

Correct answer:

Lasting

Explanation:

The prefix "per-" means through, and it is here combined with a Latin word that means "stay," so it makes sense that "permanent" means staying or lasting throughout all time or intended to do so. This means that "lasting" is the correct answer. As for the other answer choices, “acceptable” means good enough, “frivolous” means having no purpose or seriousness; “considerable” means of enough significance to be thought about or of a notable amount; and "carefree" means untroubled.

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