ISEE Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns for Abstract Concepts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #71 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ACCOLADE

Possible Answers:

Presentation

Prize

Money

Respect

Treasure

Correct answer:

Prize

Explanation:

An "accolade" is an award or an honor, so the answer closest in meaning to "accolade" is "prize," which is a noun meaning a reward, a trophy, or something given to commemorate an achievement. Considering the other answer choices, none are as close in meaning to "accolade" as is "prize": "treasure," when used as a noun, means wealth, riches, or valuables; "money" is a noun meaning standardized exchangeable currency; and "presentation" is a noun meaning the way in which something is given to someone, the act or event of giving something to someone, or an informative talk that often uses visual aids.

Example Question #71 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

BREVITY

Possible Answers:

Shortness

Preeminence

Piety

Sanctimony

Pompousness

Correct answer:

Shortness

Explanation:

The prefix "brev-" comes from "brief" and means short or quick. “Brevity” means shortness, briefness. To provide further help, “pompous” means proud and arrogant; “preeminent” means highly regarded, in charge, most distinguished; “sanctimonious” and “pious” are synonyms of one another and both mean self-righteous. 

Example Question #73 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

TIRADE

Possible Answers:

Opinion

Information

Rant

Conversation

Help

Correct answer:

Rant

Explanation:

"Tirade" is a noun that means "a long, angry speech of criticism or accusation," so we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like " a long, angry speech." While "conversation" has to do with speech just like "tirade" does, "conversation" means "an informal talk involving two people or a small group of people : the act of talking in an informal way," so it cannot be the correct answer because "conversation" does not include any angry connotations like "diatribe" does, and it's a conversation in which two people participate instead of a one-sided speech like "tirade" describes. "Rant," however, when used as a noun, means "a spell of ranting; a tirade," and when used as a verb, it means "speak or shout at length in a wild, impassioned way." Because "rant" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "tirade," "rant" is the correct answer.

Example Question #72 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

AMITY

Possible Answers:

Obedience

Fellowship

Equality

Allure

Crudeness

Correct answer:

Fellowship

Explanation:

"Amity" means peace or friendship. The answer choice closest in meaning to "amity" is "fellowship" since it indicates camraderie or companionship. As for the other choices, "allure" is attraction; "crudeness" is roughness; equality refers to the concept of giving everyone equal treatment; and obedience is the quality of complying with requests and demands.

Example Question #73 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of "income" is __________.

Possible Answers:

barter

fiscal

debt

salary

financial

Correct answer:

salary

Explanation:

Since "income" is a noun that means money received on a regular basis for work, we're looking for another noun that also means earnings. "Debt" may sound like a potential answer because it is a noun that has to do with finances and often discussed along with "income," but "debt" refers to money that is owed to someone else, so it is actually an antonym of income and not the correct answer. "Salary," on the other hand, means a fixed regular payment made by an employer to an employee, so it is the closest in meaning to "income" and the correct answer.

Example Question #74 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of "condolence" is __________.

Possible Answers:

indifference

severity

mentor

compassion

pardon

Correct answer:

compassion

Explanation:

"Condolence" is a noun that is usually used in its plural form and means "an expression of sympathy, especially on the occasion of a death." So, we need to pick out an answer that means something like "an expression or sympathy." "Indifference," then, cannot be the correct answer because "indifference" is a noun that can mean "lack of interest, concern, or sympathy," making it an antonym, not a synonym, of "condolence." "Compassion," however, is a noun that can mean "sympathetic pity and concern for the sufferings or misfortunes of others," and because "compassion" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "condolence," "compassion" is the correct answer.

Example Question #75 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

INTUITION

Possible Answers:

Instinct

Latitude

Reason

Entrapment

Daze

Correct answer:

Instinct

Explanation:

"Intuition" is defined as the power of knowing something immediately without conscious reasoning. The best match for this is "instict," which means innate knowledge.

Example Question #76 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

ADJUNCT

Possible Answers:

Juncture

Division

Addition

Junk

Correct answer:

Addition

Explanation:

An "adjunct" is something that is added on to something that already exists. The best choice is "addition" because something that is an "adjunct" is an "addition" to something else. Considering the other choices, a "division" is a separation, "junk" is something of little value or things of little value, and a "juncture" is a point at which two things are joined.

Example Question #77 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

PROPOSAL

Possible Answers:

Salute

Suggestion

Trek

Standard

Subtle

Correct answer:

Suggestion

Explanation:

A "proposal" is also known as a suggestion, so "suggestion" is the correct answer.

Example Question #78 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

INCENTIVE

Possible Answers:

Barrage 

Motivation 

Garrulous 

Banal 

Insipid 

Correct answer:

Motivation 

Explanation:

"Incentive" is motivation or the reason behind doing something, so "motivation" is the correct answer. To help you, "garrulous" means talkative, "barrage" means overwhelm with a repeated attack, and "insipid" means dull or banal.

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