ISEE Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns for Abstract Concepts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #131 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

AVARICE

Possible Answers:

Generosity

Envy

Warmth

Greed

Sloth

Correct answer:

Greed

Explanation:

“Avarice” is wanting more material wealth than you need, or "greed." As for the other answer choices, “sloth” is laziness; “envy” is jealousy or wanting something that someone else has; “warmth,” when used to describe a person, means open-heartedness, kindness and affection; and “generosity” means kindness in giving liberally.

Example Question #201 : Synonyms: Nouns

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

INCENTIVE

Possible Answers:

Discretion

Abundance

Motivation

Resolve

Scarcity

Correct answer:

Motivation

Explanation:

Your “incentive” for doing something is your reasons or "motivation" for acting in that way. As for the other answer choices, “resolve” means determination to pursue a difficult challenge despite obstacles; “discretion” means tact or caution regarding secrets; "scarcity” means rarity or state of having less of something that is desired or needed; and “abundance" means plenty or great quantity.

Example Question #132 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ALACRITY

Possible Answers:

Bewilderment

Desperation

Hospitality

Competition

Eagerness

Correct answer:

Eagerness

Explanation:

“Alacrity” means energetic enthusiasm or "eagerness." As for the other answer choices, “desperation” means reckless despair; “bewilderment” means confusion; “hospitality” means being welcoming to guests and treating them well; and “competition” means a game, often a serious one, in which only one person or team can win.

Example Question #133 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

AMBIENCE

Possible Answers:

Delegation

Administration

Entrance

Horticulture

Atmosphere

Correct answer:

Atmosphere

Explanation:

The "ambiance" of a place is its general look and character, or its "atmosphere." As for the other answer choices, an “entrance” is where you can walk into a place; “administration” means the people in charge of running a company or government or the task of keeping such a group running smoothly; a “delegation” is representatives from some group of people; and "horticulture” is the study of growing plants.

Example Question #134 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

BLISS

Possible Answers:

Gathering

Celebration

Disaster

Pride

Happiness

Correct answer:

Happiness

Explanation:

“Bliss” is another word for intense happiness, or euphoria, so "happiness" is the correct answer choice. As for the other answer choices, a “disaster” is a terrible thing that happens; “pride” is feeling good about yourself or something you have done; a “celebration” is a festival or party to mark a special occasion; a “gathering” is a get-together, or an act of people coming together.

Example Question #135 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

WRATH

Possible Answers:

Envy

Misery

Anger

Anguish

Ecstasy

Correct answer:

Anger

Explanation:

“Wrath” means great anger and vengeance, so "anger" is the best answer choice. As for the other answer choices, “ecstasy” means great happiness; “envy” means jealousy; "anguish” means great pain and suffering; and “misery” means great sadness.

Example Question #136 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ZEAL

Possible Answers:

Passion

Height

Ignorance

Belief

Mistake

Correct answer:

Passion

Explanation:

“Zeal” means "passion," and someone who is “zealous” is passionate. As for the other answer choices, a "mistake" is an error; a "belief" is something you think to be true; "height" is how tall someone or something is or how far above the ground something is; and "ignorance" is a state of not knowing information, often certain information.

Example Question #137 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PHENOMENON

Possible Answers:

Revision

Emotion

Occurrence

Idea

Plan

Correct answer:

Occurrence

Explanation:

A "phenomenon" is a thing or occurrence, especially one that you are studying or don't completely understand, so "occurrence" is the correct answer. 

Example Question #138 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PREROGATIVE

Possible Answers:

Depiction 

Retort 

Determination 

Right

Posture

Correct answer:

Right

Explanation:

A “prerogative” is a privilege or a "right." To provide further help, “depiction” means representation or how something is shown; “determination” is resolve, strength of mind, or fixation on accomplishing one goal; a “retort” is a reply, typically a clever or irritated one; and “posture" means the way in which one carries one's body, e.g. standing up straight or slouching.

Example Question #209 : Synonyms: Nouns

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

COMMENDATION

Possible Answers:

Judgment

Order

Expression

Recognition

Elation

Correct answer:

Recognition

Explanation:

The verb "to commend" means "to praise." Thus, a "commendation" is the actual praise that is received. For example, we might say that someone receives a commendation from the president of the United States for an important scientific breakthrough that will save many lives. Thus, the commendation is the actual praise that is given.  It is a bit of an abstract word, for "praise" is not something that we can really touch or see. However, we do often talk like it is: "She received the praise with grace."  Thus, someone could also say, "She received the commendation with grace and appreciation." Of the options given, only "recognition" is closest to this kind of praise. When we "recognize" someone, we often mean to call attention to that person and thus to praise him or her.

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