ISEE Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns for Abstract Concepts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Middle Level Verbal

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #111 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of "paradox" is . . .

Possible Answers:

contradiction

confusion

agreement

allusion

consistency

Correct answer:

contradiction

Explanation:

A paradox is "a statement or proposition that, despite sound (or apparently sound) reasoning from acceptable premises, leads to a conclusion that seems senseless, logically unacceptable, or self-contradictory." So, neither "agreement" nor "consistency" can be a synonym of "paradox" becauase both "agreement" and "consistency" refer to things that go together well or make sense together, unlike paradoxes. "Allusion" refers to "an indirect or passing reference," so it has nothing to do with "paradox" and isn't the correct answer. "Confusion" might look like the best answer, but "contradiction" is actually the closest synonym to "paradox" because "contradiction" is defined as "a combination of statements, ideas, or features of a situation that are opposed to one another" or "a difference or disagreement between two things which means that both cannot be true." Because "contradiction" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "paradox," "contradiction" is the correct answer.

Example Question #111 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of "rancor" is . . .

Possible Answers:

teasing

opportunity

resentment

anger

energy

Correct answer:

resentment

Explanation:

"Rancor" is a noun that means "bitterness or resentfulness, especially when long-standing." While "teasing" and "anger" both have negative connotations similar to that of "rancor," only "resentment," which means "bitter indignation at having been treated unfairly," is close in meaning to "rancor," so "resentment" is the correct answer.

Example Question #112 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of "hiatus" is __________.

Possible Answers:

continuation

break

participation

worship

meddle

Correct answer:

break

Explanation:

"Hiatus" is a noun that means "a pause or gap in a sequence, series, or process," so we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like "a pause or gap." "Continuation," then, cannot be the correct answer, because "continuation" means "the action of carrying something on over a period of time or the process of being carried on," making it an antonym of "hiatus." "Break," however, when used as a noun, can mean "a pause in work or during an activity or event," and because "break" is the answer choice that is closest in meaning to "hiatus," "break" is the correct answer.

Example Question #183 : Synonyms: Nouns

A synonym of "gratification" is __________.

Possible Answers:

confusion

surprise

disappointment

satisfaction

impatience

Correct answer:

satisfaction

Explanation:

"Gratification" is a noun that can mean either "pleasure, especially when gained from the satisfaction of a desire" or "a source of pleasure." So, we need to pick out a noun that means something like "pleasure." "Disappointment," then, cannot be the correct answer, because "disappointment" means either "the feeling of sadness or displeasure caused by the nonfulfillment of one's hopes or expectations" or "a person, event, or thing that causes disappointment," making"disappointment" an antonym, not a synonym, of "gratification." "Satisfaction," however, is a noun that means "fulfillment of one's wishes, expectations, or needs, or the pleasure derived from this," and because "satisfaction" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "gratification," "satisfaction" is the correct answer.

Example Question #184 : Synonyms: Nouns

A synonym of "clarification" is __________.

Possible Answers:

complication

freedom

explanation

disaster

silence

Correct answer:

explanation

Explanation:

"Clarification" is a noun that means "the action of making a statement or situation less confused and more comprehensible" or "a statement resulting from this." So, we need to pick out a noun that means something like "the action of making something more comprehensible." So, that means that "complication" cannot be the correct answer, because "complication" can mean "a circumstance that complicates something; a difficulty" or "an involved or confused condition or state," but not "the action of making something more comprehensible." "Explanation," however, is a noun that means either "a statement or account that makes something clear" or "a reason or justification given for an action or belief." Because "explanation" is the answer choice that is closest in meaning to "clarification," "explanation" is the correct answer.

Example Question #113 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

PERSONA

Possible Answers:

Ghost

Character

Life

People

Correct answer:

Character

Explanation:

The word "persona" refers to a character. "Character" is the best choice because it is a part of the definition of "persona." Considering the other options, "people" does not work here because, although "persona" can refer to a person, it refers to just one person, while "people" refers to a group of persons. "Life" is unrelated to this word, and "ghost" refers to an animate spirit or soul of someone who is deceased.

Example Question #114 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

REMNANT

Possible Answers:

Remedial

Determination

Remains

Removal

Extraterrestrial

Correct answer:

Remains

Explanation:

A "remnant" is a part of something that is leftover after the larger or original part no longer exists. Therefore, "remains" is the correct answer. 

Example Question #115 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

LOGIC

Possible Answers:

Math

Code

Toughness

Reason

Correct answer:

Reason

Explanation:

The word "logic" means reason. "Reason" is the best choice because it is a part of the definition of "logic."

Example Question #116 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

CATASTROPHE

Possible Answers:

Celebration

Demonstration

Surprise

Disaster

Correct answer:

Disaster

Explanation:

A "catastrophe" is a great disaster, and a "disaster" is a large, awful event, so "disaster" is the correct answer.

Example Question #117 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

GENRE

Possible Answers:

Type

Culture

Belief

Idea

Generic

Correct answer:

Type

Explanation:

"Genre" means category or type. Therefore, "type" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "genre."

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors