ISEE Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns for Abstract Concepts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #101 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

CONSEQUENCE

Possible Answers:

Invective

Delegation

Promotion

Tirade

Outcome

Correct answer:

Outcome

Explanation:

The "consequence" of something is the result of it or its outcome, so "outcome" is the correct answer. To provide further guidance, a "tirade" is the same thing as an invective and both words mean an angry speech, a "promotion" means the event of being given a role at your place of work that gives you more authority and responsibilities; and a "delegation" is a group of people formally tasked with something.

Example Question #102 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

DECREE

Possible Answers:

Recluse

Omen

Etiquette

Legislation

Mandate

Correct answer:

Mandate

Explanation:

"Decree" is an official government order or a mandate, so "mandate" is the correct answer. None of the other answer choices are as close to "degree" in meaning as is "mandate": "legislation" means rules and regulations; a "recluse" is a hermit or a person who wishes to remain alone; "etiquette" is the rules of proper social behavior; and an "omen" is something that predicts a future event.

Example Question #103 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

EXCURSION

Possible Answers:

Trip

Exercise

File

Pantry

Correct answer:

Trip

Explanation:

An "excursion" is a noun that means an outing or a journey, so the answer choice closest in meaning to "excursion" is "trip," which when used as a noun means a journey or a voyage. Considering the other answer choices, none are close in meaning to "excursion": "file," when used as a noun, means a collection of records or a digital document; "pantry" is a noun meaning a storage closet; and "exercise" is a series of physical activities done in order to maintain one's health.

Example Question #104 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PREMONITION

Possible Answers:

Territory 

Passion 

Foreboding

Germination 

Concern 

Correct answer:

Foreboding

Explanation:

A “premonition” is a hunch that something bad is about to happen; this is most similar in meaning to “foreboding.” To provide further help, a “concern” is a worry about something; “passion” is strong feelings about something; “territory” is land owned by someone or something; and “germination” is growth from a seed into a plant.

Example Question #105 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

INSIGNIA

Possible Answers:

Scroll

Signal

Emblem 

Signature

Insignificance

Correct answer:

Emblem 

Explanation:

An “insignia” is an official symbol or mark that identifies a group, and as such it is most similar in meaning to “emblem.” As for the other answer choices, "signal" means gesture or sign with a specific meaning in a given context; "signature" means one's formally written name as used to validate documents; "insignificance" means unimportance, and "scroll" means a long, rolled piece of paper with writing on it.

Example Question #175 : Synonyms: Nouns

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

IMPEDIMENT

Possible Answers:

Category

Obstacle

Ease

Worry

Tool

Correct answer:

Obstacle

Explanation:

"Impediment" is a noun that means "a hindrance or obstruction in doing something," so we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like "obstruction." "Tool" cannot be the correct answer, then, because while one might use a tool to remove an obstruction, "tool" does not mean the same thing as "obstruction," so it cannot be the correct answer. "Obstacle," however, is an adjective that means "a thing that blocks one's way or prevents or hinders progress," and because it is the answer choice that is closest in meaning to "impediment," "obstacle" is the correct answer.

Example Question #176 : Synonyms: Nouns

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PANDEMONIUM

Possible Answers:

Quiet

Pandemic

Mayhem

Accusation

Newness

Correct answer:

Mayhem

Explanation:

"Pandemonium" is a noun meaning "wild and noisy disorder or confusion; uproar," so we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like "wild disorder." "Pandemic" may sound like a potentially correct answer because like "pandemonium," it also begins with the "pan-" prefix (which means "including or relating to all the places or people in a particular group"). However, "pandemic" means "an outbreak of a disease prevalent over a whole country or the world." Because "pandemic" does not mean the same thing as "pandemonium," it cannot be the correct answer. "Mayhem," however, means "violent or damaging disorder; chaos," and is the correct answer because it is the answer choice closest in meaning to "pandemonium."

Example Question #106 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of "upheaval" is __________.

Possible Answers:

occurrence

upstart

correction

portion

disturbance

Correct answer:

disturbance

Explanation:

"Upheaval" is a noun meaning "a violent or sudden change or disruption to something," so we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like "disruption." While "occurrence" may seem like a good answer choice because it means "an incident or event," "disturbance" is actually the better answer because it means "the interruption of a settled and peaceful condition." Because both "upheaval" and "disturbance" involve interruptions, but "occurrence" does not, "disturbance" is the correct answer.

Example Question #107 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

DISPARITY

Possible Answers:

Similarity

Difference

Congeniality

Victory

Correct answer:

Difference

Explanation:

The term "disparity" refers to a difference or gap with respect to some quality. For example, if one room contains a large group of third-graders and a neighboring room contains several elderly adults, an age disparity exists between the rooms. "Difference" is the correct choice. "Similarity" is an antonym of the given word, "victory" refers to an event of winning and is therefore unrelated, and "congeniality" means pleasant or friendly agreement.

Example Question #108 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of "genre" is . . .

Possible Answers:

song

persona

category

book

favorite

Correct answer:

category

Explanation:

"Genre" is a noun that means "a category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter." While books and songs may be categorized as belonging to different genres of literature or music, neither "book" nor "song" is a synonym of "genre," so neither of those answers can be correct. "Category" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "genre," so it is the correct answer.

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