ISEE Lower Level Verbal : Nouns

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Lower Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #181 : Word Based Sentence Completions

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Thirsty and in search of water, the explorers were hoping to find an __________ in the middle of the desert.

Possible Answers:

underpass

exhibit

oasis

avalanche

Correct answer:

oasis

Explanation:

An "oasis" is a fertile spot in the middle of a desert that usually contains water, so it is what explorers would hope to find if they needed water in a desert.

 

Incorrect answers:

"Exhibit" means a public showing, such as an exhibit at a museum.

"Avalanche" means a slide of a large mass, such as snow or rocks, down a the side of a mountain, as in the sentence, "The skier triggered an avalanche when he knocked a large chunk off ice off the top of the mountain."

"Underpass" means a passage beneath something, as in the sentence, "The highway is too dangerous to cross, so engineers dug an underpass underneath it for pedestrians." In the context of this sentence, the explorers could try to look for an underpass, but it would not help them find water. The key words in the sentence are that the explorers are "thirsty and in search of water," so the answer should have something to do with water.

Example Question #51 : Parts Of Speech In Word Based Sentence Completions

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

While Francine enjoys foods which feature the flavor of mushrooms, she refuses to eat mushrooms themselves because of their spongy __________, insisting that their strange consistency can ruin a dish for her.

Possible Answers:

flavor

look

broth

underpinning

texture

Correct answer:

texture

Explanation:

We can infer that because the “strange consistency” of mushrooms “can ruin a dish for [Francine],” we need to pick out a noun for the blank that means something like “consistency” and can be described by the adjective “spongy” and still make sense. While “flavor” might look like a potentially correct answer, it would not make sense in the sentence, which tells us that “Francine enjoys foods which feature the flavor of mushrooms.” So, “flavor” cannot be the correct answer. “Texture,” however, is a noun that means “the feel of a substance,” and because “texture” best fits the context of the sentence, “texture” is the correct answer.

Example Question #52 : Parts Of Speech In Word Based Sentence Completions

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

It is no surprise that that tropical bird is famous for its bright and colorful __________, because one bird can display red, blue, yellow, pink, and green feathers.

Possible Answers:

eyes

claws

fur

beak

plumage

Correct answer:

plumage

Explanation:

For this sentence’s blank, we need to pick out a word that means something like “feathers,” because we know that “one bird can display red, blue, yellow, pink, and green feathers.” “Fur” might look like a potentially correct answer, but since birds don’t have fur, it wouldn’t make sense in the sentence’s context and cannot be the correct answer. “Plumage,” however, is a noun that means “all of a bird’s feathers,” and because “plumage” best fits the sentence’s context, “plumage” is the correct answer.

Example Question #53 : Parts Of Speech In Word Based Sentence Completions

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

My favorite part of going to the cinema is watching the __________; sometimes I leave before the movie even starts!

Possible Answers:

previews

prefaces

reviews

epilogues

prologues

Correct answer:

previews

Explanation:

The author tells us that he enjoys a certain part of going to the cinema so much that he often leaves before the movie even starts. This tells us he must enjoy something that comes before the movie. The correct answer is therefore “previews.” The prefix "pre-" means coming before. To provide further help, a “review” is a comment about the quality of something after experiencing it; the “epilogue” is the part of the story that comes after the main story; the “prologue” is the part of the story that comes before the main story; “preface” means introduction.

Example Question #51 : Parts Of Speech In Word Based Sentence Completions

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

After arresting the criminal, the police put him __________.

Possible Answers:

in motion

in jeopardy

in custody

in poverty

in controversy

Correct answer:

in custody

Explanation:

In this sentence, the best word to fit in the blank would describe what happens after the police catches the criminal. The answer choice that makes the most sense is "in custody," which means in a state of being held by the police and prevented from leaving a certain place due to criminal charges. None of the other answer choices make sense in the blank: "in jeopardy" means in danger; "in poverty" means very poor; "in motion" means moving; and "controversy" means public argument or large-scale disagreement about an issue.

Example Question #55 : Parts Of Speech In Word Based Sentence Completions

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although Cristina was upset, she took a deep breath and regained her __________ before asking her teacher about the poor grade.

Possible Answers:

diversity

sadness

elevation

composure

Correct answer:

composure

Explanation:

"Composure" is calmness and self-control of personal emotions. In the context of this sentence, a person who was upset would want to calm herself before talking to a teacher. 

Example Question #52 : Parts Of Speech In Word Based Sentence Completions

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although Alexander Graham Bell is credited with inventing the telephone, there is some __________ over whether Bell's idea was original.

Possible Answers:

agreement

controversy

knowledge

logistics

Correct answer:

controversy

Explanation:

The sentence tells us that Bell is widely perceived to be the inventor of the telephone, but some believe that his idea may not have been original. The best answer choice is "controversy," which is an argument among people who strongly disagree with one another.

Example Question #57 : Parts Of Speech In Word Based Sentence Completions

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

When the parents left the house to go on errands, the children caused __________ and left the house in a state of disaster.

Possible Answers:

havoc

forgetfulness

orderliness

plentitude

Correct answer:

havoc

Explanation:

The sentence tells readers that the children "left the house in a state of disaster," so we can tell that we need to pick out a noun for the blank that means something like "a disaster." "Havoc" is a noun that means destruction or damage and it is the correct answer because it best fits the sentence's context. None of the answer choices make sense in the blank: "orderliness" means organization; "forgetfulness" means the tendency to be unable to remember things; and "plenitude" means a large amount of.

Example Question #58 : Parts Of Speech In Word Based Sentence Completions

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

The town considered the hurricane a(n) __________ because a lot of the residents became homeless.

Possible Answers:

hoax

abode

catastrophe

omen

incentive

Correct answer:

catastrophe

Explanation:

Since people became homeless as a result of the hurricane, the answer choice that makes the most sense would be negative and show that something bad happened. The answer choice that makes the most sense is "catastrophe," which means something that causes misfortune or a disaster. None of the other answer choices make sense in the blank: "abode" means home; "hoax" means practical joke in which something false is made to seem true; "fate" means destiny or kismet; and "secret" means a piece of information that one purposely does not tell others.

Example Question #59 : Parts Of Speech In Word Based Sentence Completions

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

There were __________ at the scene of the car accident; two people were killed.

Possible Answers:

fatalities

incentives

hoaxes

ferries

omens

Correct answer:

fatalities

Explanation:

The word in the blank needs to describe that the car accident left two people dead. The answer choice that makes the most sense is "fatalities," which can mean people who were killed due to some specified event. None of the other answer choices make sense in the blank: "hoaxes" is are practical jokes that convince people that something false is true; a "ferries" are boats that carry people or items across a body of water; "incentives" are reasons for doing something; and "omens" are signs that something is going to happen.

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