ISEE Lower Level Verbal : Nouns

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Lower Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #121 : Nouns

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although the employee was very hard working, he showed very little ___________ and was almost completely incapable of coming up with a new idea on his own.

Possible Answers:

awareness

memory

diligence

imagination

duty

Correct answer:

imagination

Explanation:

The implication that the employee is not very thoughtful or creative. He is not able to imagine new things on his own. This implies that he does not have much imagination. None of the other options quite express this idea.

Example Question #122 : Nouns

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

After the long speech, the audience needed a(n) ____________ to help them grasp the main points, which were lost in all of the details discussed by the speaker.

Possible Answers:

index

text

summary

content

book

Correct answer:

summary

Explanation:

The idea of this sentence is that the speech was so long that the main points were totally "covered over" by the details. This means that the people needed a brief summary of these main points. A "summary" is a kind of review that gives the general idea without discussing all of the details.

Example Question #123 : Nouns

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Their __________ quickly turned to dismay when they saw how expensive the surgery was.

Possible Answers:

glee

frankness

despondency

sorrow

boredom

Correct answer:

glee

Explanation:

In this sentence a group of people are turned from one feeling towards "dismay" by some bad news. If you know that "dismay" means great sadness and lack of hope, then you could reasonably infer that the previous mood was positive. The correct answer is therefore "glee" which means happiness, joy. Additionally, "despondency" means hopelessness, dismay; "frankness" means honesty; "boredom" means the quality of being bored; "sorrow" means sadness

Example Question #124 : Nouns

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

The students went to the plant to learn the ___________ for making the desks they used in school. Though they saw them every day, the children were unaware of all of the steps required for manufacturing them.

Possible Answers:

Work

Industry

Reflection

Process

Labor

Correct answer:

Process

Explanation:

The important thing to notice is that the students are learning the numerous steps involved in the making of the desks. This means that they went to the plant to learn these various steps and how they bring about the finished product. The set of steps used to make something is called the "process" for making that thing.

Example Question #125 : Nouns

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

The prices for the apples ____________ greatly from day to day. Some days, they were very cheap, but on other days they were extremely expensive.

Possible Answers:

Gouged

Weakened

Increased

Impoverished

Fluctuated

Correct answer:

Fluctuated

Explanation:

The general idea of this sentence is that the apple prices were changing a good deal from day to day. Yes, they might increase from one day to the next. They also might decrease in the same manner. The only option that expresses this kind of changing is "fluctuated." When something fluctuates, it goes up and down, somewhat like a wave. The word actually comes from Latin roots meaning "to flow." Something that fluctuates is like a flowing body of water that rises and falls.

Example Question #126 : Nouns

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

There was always some kind of ____________ between the two siblings. If they were not arguing, they were at least angry at each other for something.

Possible Answers:

Questioning

Response

Agreement

Conflict

Attacking

Correct answer:

Conflict

Explanation:

This sentence implies that the two siblings were always in some state of fighting. If not explicitly fighting, they were at least angry at each other. This means that there was no peace between them. When two people (or groups) are not in agreement, they are in a state of conflict. We tend to think of conflict as applying to war between two nations. While this is indeed true, conflict can also be a kind of general state of "being enemies."

Example Question #127 : Nouns

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Unlike the many restaurant choices available in the city, the small town did not have a great __________ of options for the people living there.

Possible Answers:

quality

distinctiveness

culture

variety

healthiness

Correct answer:

variety

Explanation:

The general idea in this sentence is to contrast large cities to small ones, particularly as regards their restaurants. Large cities have many choices, whereas there seem to be few choices in small towns. This means that there are not many choices and hence not a wide "variety" of options. When we say that there are "various" options, we mean to say that there are a number of different ones. This state of having a number of different options is called "variety."

Example Question #128 : Nouns

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Even the simplest experience can have many __________, for one and the same event can have many different meanings for many different people.

Possible Answers:

locations

formulas

sounds

interpretations

questions

Correct answer:

interpretations

Explanation:

The general idea of this sentence is that one and the same event can be "viewed" in different ways by different people. This does not merely mean that they physically see it in different manners. More importantly, it means that they interpret its meaning in different manners. Thus, it can have many different "interpretations."

Example Question #129 : Nouns

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

The book was so large that Henry needed to read a short ___________ of it in order to understand its long, complex storyline.

Possible Answers:

summary

literature

judgment

pamphlet

inquiry

Correct answer:

summary

Explanation:

Since the book was so long, it seems that Henry needed to get its general idea before trying to understand its complex and lengthy storyline. He could do this by reading a short version of it that would help him to understand the overall point of the book.  Now, a pamphlet is a small booklet, but that is not really "a short version." Instead, a "summary" is a short presentation of something that is much lengthier. It "sums up" the longer story. 

Example Question #130 : Nouns

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Whenever you aren't sure of something, always make another __________ to see if you can get an answer about the question.

Possible Answers:

conversation

inquiry

explanation

discussion

shouting

Correct answer:

inquiry

Explanation:

This sentence is saying that you should "look into" such matters when you don't know them. In particular, it is saying that you should ask about them. When you make an "inquiry," you do just this. A "query" is a question or a questioning.  An "inquiry" makes a query (asks a question) about some topic. It means that you "query into" the matter. This is the best option among those given, as it expresses the idea of "asking into" the matter.

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