HSPT Verbal : Verbal Classifications: Multiple or Other Parts of Speech

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HSPT Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Verbal Classifications: Multiple Or Other Parts Of Speech

Which word does not belong with the others?

Possible Answers:

vogue

trendy

whim

novel

fad

Correct answer:

novel

Explanation:

Each of the related words here indicates something akin to a fad—a trend, style, or idea that is currently popular, though perhaps just for this moment. Such things come and go rather fluidly, as do whims. (To do something “on a whim” is to do so in response to a sudden change of opinion but not with any deep convictions). To be “in the vogue” is to be “fashionable right now.” Such things likely will be relegated to the time period of their popularity. When something is “novel,” however, it is merely being described as being new. While such a thing could perhaps be a mere fad, the word “novel” merely designates that the things is new and heretofore unheard of.

Example Question #12 : Verbal Classifications: Multiple Or Other Parts Of Speech

Which word does not belong with the others?

Possible Answers:

depravity

vile

sociopathy

turpitude

bad

Correct answer:

bad

Explanation:

Note that all of these words pertain to being bad or unacceptable in some way; however, the wrong options all indicate being bad in some very strong way. “Turpitude” is depravity or wickedness. To be “depraved” is to be greatly perverse or wicked. A sociopath is someone who has such bad morals that he or she cannot even function in society. Something “vile” is very disgusting, and, when applied to moral matters, very bad or wicked. In comparison with all of these, “bad” is much weaker.

Example Question #13 : Verbal Classifications: Multiple Or Other Parts Of Speech

Which word does not belong with the others?

Possible Answers:

blaze

inferno

ablaze

conflagration

fire

Correct answer:

fire

Explanation:

It might be tempting in this question to be distracted by “blaze” and “ablaze,” the latter being an adjective form of the former; however, note that all the words—including “ablaze”—describe the state of being on fire; however, the incorrect answers all share the fact that they all pertain to strong or large fires. In contrast to this, the simple case of “fire” is much weaker and thus differs from the rest of the words.

Example Question #14 : Verbal Classifications: Multiple Or Other Parts Of Speech

Which word does not belong with the others?

Possible Answers:

neighboring

close

vicinity

near

proximate

Correct answer:

proximate

Explanation:

All of these words pertain to closeness and could be read merely as applying to spatial closeness. The “vicinity” of something is the area around it. The word comes from the Latin for “neighbor.” The word “proximate” does mean “close” but it can be used more strictly in the sense of being the closest thing in space or time. Since all of our words have this general sense of being close, this one stronger word is the one that does not fit with the others.

Example Question #15 : Verbal Classifications: Multiple Or Other Parts Of Speech

Which word does not belong with the others?

Possible Answers:

aspersion

slander

denigration

magnify

defame

Correct answer:

magnify

Explanation:

The set of related words all indicate some sort of damaging remark that someone can make. To cast “aspersions” on others is to attack that person’s reputation. A denigrating remark is one that is unfairly critical. When someone defames another person, he or she damages that person’s reputation. A slanderous statement is a spoken statement that is false and intentionally damaging. By contrast, to “magnify” someone is to praise him or her greatly.

Example Question #16 : Verbal Classifications: Multiple Or Other Parts Of Speech

Which word does not belong with the others?

Possible Answers:

relieve

aid

detrimental

alleviate

help

Correct answer:

detrimental

Explanation:

The similar words indicate something related to aiding or helping. The word “alleviate” means “to make lighter or to remove.” (“Levity” means “light-hearted humor.” Likewise, the word “relieve” is related to the same root meaning “to make lighter or remove”). When something is “detrimental,” it is harmful or at least tends to cause harm. This is quite the opposite of the other words pertaining to helping and thus does not fit with the rest of the group.

Example Question #17 : Verbal Classifications: Multiple Or Other Parts Of Speech

Which word does not belong with the others?

Possible Answers:

scheduled

agenda

arbitrary

plan

itinerary

Correct answer:

arbitrary

Explanation:

Something “arbitrary” is something that is chosen randomly or on a whim. It comes from the Latin for “judge” but likewise has relations to the notion of “will” and “free will.” To choose things arbitrarily is to do so without any “rhyme or reason” (as is popularly said). The other options all indicate some state of affairs that is planned and sensible to various degrees. This is certainly the case with “scheduled,” “plan,” and “agenda.” Likewise, an “itinerary” is the route that is planned for some journey, being taken from the Latin for “road, path, or journey.”

Example Question #18 : Verbal Classifications: Multiple Or Other Parts Of Speech

Which word does not belong with the others?

Possible Answers:

determination

inflexible

unwavering

resolute

tentative

Correct answer:

tentative

Explanation:

The related words must be seen as sharing the general notion of “being certain and determined.” This shared meaning becomes very obvious when you realize that tentative is different from the others, even if they themselves differ in degrees. The word “tentative” means “not certain or temporary.” Sometimes, when we are asked a question, we must provide a “provisional answer,” meaning an answer that is temporary—a first hunch, though requiring follow-up thought and research. All of the other words indicate some kind of certainty. A resolution is a decision to do something, usually made with firm conviction. A “resolute attitude” is one that is so resolved to do a given resolution. An “unwavering devotion” to something is a devotion that does not stray (waver) from the metaphorical “path” of that devotion. If you are inflexible, you will not change from your choices. Perhaps this is a bad attitude, but for this question, it merely matters that we see the fact that it is quite different from “tentative.”

Example Question #172 : Verbal Classifications

Which word does not belong with the others?

Possible Answers:

color

shade

hue

pungent

tone

Correct answer:

pungent

Explanation:

Each of the similar words here pertain to color or vision. The only word in this group that might cause confusion is “tone,” which could be interpreted in the auditory sense (“the tone of an instrument or a voice”) or as the general description of character (“the tone of the article; the tone of the discussion”). Still, there is a visual sense in which tone indicates the brightness of the color. While this world could be the one that does not match the others, the word “pungent” is completely outside the group of “visual” words, as it means a strong odor or taste. (Likely you have heard the expression, “A pungent aroma”).

Example Question #19 : Verbal Classifications: Multiple Or Other Parts Of Speech

Which word does not belong with the others?

Possible Answers:

visionary

lens

retina

pupil

optical

Correct answer:

visionary

Explanation:

Each of the words in the set of related terms indicates something pertaining to the anatomy or the functioning of the human eye. This should be obvious in the cases of “retina,” “pupil,” and “lens.” The likely difficulty for this problem is making a distinction between “optical” and “visionary.” The word “optical” most often is used to describe something that is related to sight. An “optical illusion” is a trick of sight (caused by the bending of light rays). Similarly, an "optometrist" is an "eye doctor” focusing on the correcting of vision. While the word “visionary” likely seems equivalent to “visual,” it really indicates something or someone who can metaphorically see things in the future with great imagination and often in a way that notices trends before they happen. This is not directly connected with physical vision or the physical eye as are the other words.

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